PBS NewsHour

FULL EPISODE

May 1, 2021 - PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode

On this edition for Saturday, May 1, India struggles to contain its COVID-19 surge amid dwindling medical supplies and mass cremations. Meanwhile, optimism in the U.S. with nearly 40% of all adults in the country fully vaccinated. And, in our ongoing series “Roads to Recovery,” how Connecticut is working to maintain its manufacturing workforce. Hari Sreenivasan anchors from New York.

AIRED: May 01, 2021 | 0:27:11
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

Captioning sponsored by WNET

>> Sreenivasan: ON THIS EDITION

FOR SATURDAY, MAY 1:

DWINDLING RESOURCES AND MASS

CREMATIONS, AS THE RISE OF

COVID-19 CASES IN INDIA

CONTINUES AT A STAGGERING PACE.

OPTIMISTIC SIGNS FOR THE U.S.,

WITH VACCINATIONS CONTINUING AND

DAILY CASES FALLING.

AND, IN OUR SIGNATURE SEGMENT:

"ROADS TO RECOVERY."

HOW CONNECTICUT IS WORKING TO

MAINTAIN ITS MANUFACTURING

WORKFORCE.

NEXT, ON PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.

>>PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND IS MADE

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THANK YOU.

>> Sreenivasan: GOOD EVENING,

AND THANK YOU FOR JOINING US.

NEARLY 40% OF ALL ADULTS IN THE

UNITED STATES ARE NOW FULLY

VACCINATED AGAINST THE

CORONAVIRUS, ACCORDING TO DATA

FROM THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE

CONTROL AND PREVENTION.

DAILY INFECTIONS IN THE U.S. ARE

FALLING-- DOWN 28%, ON AVERAGE,

COMPARED TO TWO WEEKS AGO

ACCORDING TO THE "NEW YORK

TIMES"-- EVEN AS THE NUMBER

OF VACCINE DOSES GIVEN DAILY

HAS DECREASED FROM A PEAK IN

MID-APRIL.

TODAY, DELTA AIRLINES BEGAN

FILLING ITS MIDDLE SEATS,

THE FINAL U.S. AIRLINE TO END

SOCIAL DISTANCING ON PLANES.

AND, THOUSANDS WERE ON-HAND

TODAY IN LOUISVILLE TO SEE THE

KENTUCKY DERBY.

LAST YEAR, THE RACE WAS RUN

AFTER A FOUR-MONTH POSTPONEMENT

AND WITH NO SPECTATORS DUE TO

THE PANDEMIC.

BUT AS VACCINATIONS CONTRIBUTE

TO FEWER CONFIRMED INFECTIONS

AND EASED RESTRICTIONS IN MANY

PARTS OF THE U.S., THE PANDEMIC

IS GROWING GLOBALLY.

IN INDIA, A HUGE SURGE IN

CORONAVIRUS CASES CONTINUES,

WITH MORE THAN 400,000 CONFIRMED

INFECTIONS REPORTED TODAY,

ANOTHER DAILY RECORD.

OFFICIALS IN INDIA ALSO

ANNOUNCED ANOTHER 3,200 DEATHS,

BRINGING THE OFFICIAL TOTAL TO

MORE THAN 211,000-- A NUMBER

EXPERTS SAY IS FAR BELOW THE

REAL NUMBER OF LIVES LOST.

THE SPIKE IN CASES COMES AS

HOSPITALS IN MANY OF INDIA'S

STATES DEAL WITH OVERCROWDING

AND SHORTAGES OF OXYGEN.

>> (translated): I HAVEN'T GOT

ANY OXYGEN AT ALL NOW.

THAT'S WHY I HAVE PUT HER IN A

PRONE POSITION, SO THAT SHE CAN

FEEL SOME RELIEF.

HER OXYGEN LEVEL IS AT 70 RIGHT

NOW.

>> Sreenivasan: MEDICAL SUPPLIES

FROM AROUND THE WORLD ARE

ARRIVING IN INDIA, INCLUDING

FROM THE UNITED STATES.

YESTERDAY, THE U.S. BECAME THE

LATEST COUNTRY TO RESTRICT

TRAVEL FROM INDIA BECAUSE OF THE

SPIKE IN CASES.

( SIREN )

OVERNIGHT, AT LEAST 18 PATIENTS

WERE KILLED WHEN A COVID WARD

CAUGHT FIRE AT A HOSPITAL IN THE

WESTERN STATE OF GUJARAT.

OFFICIALS ARE BLAMING THE BLAZE

ON AN OXYGEN LEAK, AND SAID MORE

THAN 30 PATIENTS WERE RESCUED.

THE FIRE COMES A WEEK AFTER A

BLAZE IN A HOSPITAL NEAR MUMBAI

KILLED 13 COVID-19 PATIENTS.

AS CASES SPIKE, INDIA EXPANDED

VACCINE ELIGIBILITY TODAY TO

ALL ADULTS, EVEN AS OFFICIALS

IN SOME PARTS OF THE COUNTRY

WARNED THAT THEY DID NOT HAVE

ENOUGH SUPPLIES.

WE'LL HAVE MORE ON THE SITUATION

IN INDIA AFTER THE NEWS SUMMARY.

TODAY MARKS THE FORMAL START OF

PRESIDENT BIDEN'S WITHDRAWAL OF

U.S. TROOPS FROM AFGHANISTAN.

AN AGREEMENT WITH THE TALIBAN

AND THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION HAD

SET MAY 1 AS THE DATE FOR

COMPLETE WITHDRAWAL.

PRESIDENT BIDEN ANNOUNCED THAT

DEADLINE IS NOW SEPTEMBER 11.

ON THURSDAY, THE WHITE HOUSE

CONFIRMED THAT THE DRAWDOWN HAS

ALREADY STARTED FOR THE ROUGHLY

2,500 AMERICAN TROOPS STILL

SERVING IN WHAT IS NOW THE

LONGEST WAR IN U.S. HISTORY.

ACROSS THE COUNTRY, U.S.,

AFGHAN, AND NATO FORCES ARE ON

HIGH ALERT.

THE TALIBAN THREATENED

UNSPECIFIED "CONSEQUENCES" FOR

THE DELAYED TROOP WITHDRAWAL,

AND THEY ARE CONTINUING TO

BOYCOTT A CONFERENCE IN TURKEY

THAT WAS SUPPOSED TO RESTART

PEACE TALKS LAST MONTH.

VOTERS IN THE 6th CONGRESSIONAL

DISTRICT IN TEXAS ARE CHOOSING A

NEW REPRESENTATIVE FROM A

CROWDED FIELD TODAY.

THE SPECIAL ELECTION WILL FILL

THE SEAT OF THE LATE REPUBLICAN

CONGRESS-MEMBER RON WRIGHT, WHO

DIED IN FEBRUARY AFTER BEING

DIAGNOSED WITH THE CORONAVIRUS.

THERE ARE 23 CANDIDATES IN THE

RACE, INCLUDING WRIGHT'S WIDOW,

SUSAN WRIGHT, WHO FORMER

PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP

ENDORSED ON MONDAY.

THE DISTRICT, SOUTHEAST OF

FORT WORTH, HAS BECOME MORE

COMPETITIVE IN RECENT YEARS.

IN 2016, MR. TRUMP CARRIED IT

BY 12 POINTS, BUT WON BY ONLY

THREE IN 2020.

IF NO CANDIDATE TODAY GETS MORE

THAN 50% OF THE VOTE, THE RACE

WILL GO TO A TWO-CANDIDATE

RUNOFF.

THE FOUR ASTRONAUTS READY TO

RETURN TO EARTH IN THE SPACEX

"DRAGON" CAPSULE SPENT SOME

EXTRA TIME IN THE INTERNATIONAL

SPACE STATION TODAY.

HIGH WINDS ON EARTH DELAYED

THEIR PLANNED SPLASHDOWN TO JUST

BEFORE 3:00 A.M. TOMORROW.

THE CAPSULE, CALLED

"RESILIENCE," WILL CARRY

CREW-ONE, THE FIRST CREW TO

TRAVEL TO THE INTERNATIONAL

SPACE STATION VIA PRIVATE

SPACECRAFT.

THE CREW IS SCHEDULED TO LEAVE

THE SPACE STATION TONIGHT, AND

LAND IN THE GULF OF MEXICO OFF

FLORIDA 6.5 HOURS LATER.

IT WILL BE THE FIRST NASA

SPACE FLIGHT TO SPLASH DOWN IN

DARKNESS SINCE "APOLLO 8" IN

1968, 53 YEARS AGO.

FOR MORE NATIONAL AND

INTERNATIONAL NEWS, VISIT

www.pbs.org/newshour.

>> Sreenivasan: THE ALARMING

RISE OF COVID-19 CASES AND

DEATHS IN INDIA IS OVERWHELMING

THE COUNTRY'S RESOURCES, FORCING

EXTENSIONS ON SHUTDOWNS AND

RESTRICTIONS ON TRAVEL FROM THE

COUNTRY.

FOR MORE ON THE WORSENING CRISIS

THERE, I SPOKE WITH PBS NEWSHOUR

WEEKEND DIGITAL PRODUCER PAVNI

MITTAL, WHO'S IN NEW DELHI.

PAVNI, YOU'RE IN NEW DEHLI--

WHAT'S THE SITUATION ON THE

GROUND?

WE SEE AND HEAR ABOUT THESE

STAGGERING NUMBERS, WE SEE

IMAGES OF CREMATORIUMS WORKING

OVERTIME, BUT, WHAT'S IT LIKE

ON THE STREET?

>> THE NUMBERS, AS YOU CAN SEE,

AS YOU KNOW, HAVE BEEN CLIMBING,

BUT THERE'S ENOUGH EVIDENCE TO

SHOW THAT THESE NUMBERS, BOTH

IN TERMS OF THE CASES AS

WELL AS THE DEATH TOLL, ARE

UNDER-REPORTED.

YOU KNOW, THESE NUMBERS DO NOT

TAKE INTO ACCOUNT PEOPLE WHO'VE

DIED AT HOME OR WORSE-- PEOPLE

WHO'VE, YOU KNOW, DIED WAITING

OUTSIDE HOSPITALS, BECAUSE

THAT'S ALSO WHAT'S HAPPENING.

PYRES ARE BURNING THROUGH THE

NIGHT.

YOU KNOW, THEY RAN OUT OF WOOD.

THEY'VE ACTUALLY ASKED THE

FOREST DEPARTMENT TO HELP OUT

WITH WOOD SUPPLIES.

PEOPLE ARE WAITING FOR HOURS.

THERE'S NO TIME FOR PEOPLE TO

SAY GOODBYE, TO MOURN THE PEOPLE

WHO THEY'VE LOST.

THERE'S REALLY NO DIGNITY FOR

THE DEAD, BUT ALSO NO DIGNITY

FOR THE PEOPLE WHO REALLY GO

THROUGH THE TRAUMA, THE LIVING.

YOU KNOW, MANY OF THESE PEOPLE,

SICK THEMSELVES, HAVE HAD TO

TAKE CARE OF MULTIPLE FAMILY

MEMBERS WHO ARE CRITICAL, YOU

KNOW, PAID EXORBITANT AMOUNTS

FOR AMBULANCE, FOR MEDICAL

SUPPLIES, FOR OXYGEN, FOR

MEDICINES, ONLY TO BE TURNED

AWAY, GOING FROM HOSPITAL TO

HOSPITAL, AND THEN SEEING THEIR

LOVED ONE JUST DIE IN FRONT OF

THEM, AND THEN TAKE THEM TO A

CREMATORIUM AND WAITED FOR HOURS

TO, YOU KNOW, CREMATE THE BODY

AND THEN COME BACK AND, IN MANY

CASES, DO THE SAME THING FOR

SOMEONE ELSE THEY KNOW.

>> Sreenivasan: SPEAKING OF

MEDICINES AND ACCESS, WHAT'S THE

STATUS OF VACCINES?

>> INDIA HAS STARTED ITS PHASE

THREE OF VACCINATIONS, WHICH IS

PEOPLE, YOU KNOW, ABOVE THE AGE

OF 18, WHICH IS LITERALLY ALL

ADULTS.

BUT STATES HAVE NOW COME UP AND

SAID THAT THEY DON'T HAVE ENOUGH

VACCINE.

SO, THE DRIVE THATWAS SUPPOSED

TO START ON SATURDAY, MAY 1, IS

NOW EXPECTED TO BE DELAYED.

DELHI GOVERNMENT HAS ACTUALLY

COME OUT AND SAID, YOU KNOW,

PLEASE DON'T SHOW UP AT

VACCINATION CENTERS HOPING TO

GET LUCKY BECAUSE YOU ARE JUST

GOING TO CREATE A CROWD.

THE STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH HAS

COME OUT AND SAID THAT THEY

CANNOT VACCINATE PEOPLE BETWEEN

THE AGES OF 18 TO 45, WHICH IS

THE THIRD PHASE, BEFORE

SEPTEMBER.

MUMBAI HAS SHUT VACCINATION

CENTERS FOR THREE DAYS.

THEY'RE ACTUALLY EVEN STRUGGLING

TO, YOU KNOW, HONOR THE

APPOINTMENTS THAT WERE ALREADY

MADE.

SO, YOU KNOW, THE SUPPLIERS ARE

STRETCHED.

WE DO KNOW THAT VACCINE SUPPLIES

AND RAW MATERIALS ARE BEING

FLOWN IN, BUT, YOU KNOW, IT'S

STILL A DROP IN THE OCEAN.

THIS IS A COUNTRY OF 1.3 BILLION

PEOPLE THAT HAS ONLY MANAGED TO

INOCULATE-- TO FULLY INOCULATE

LESS THAN 2% OF ITS POPULATION.

>> Sreenivasan: TELL ME A LITTLE

BIT ABOUT HOW THIS FRUSTRATION

IS TRANSLATING POLITICALLY,

BECAUSE MOST PEOPLE IN THE U.S.,

THERE'S AN ELECTION GOING ON.

IT'S DIFFERENT FROM HOW IT'S

HANDLED IN THE UNITED STATES,

BUT THERE HAVE BEEN RALLIES BY

THE PRIME MINISTER AND OTHER

POLITICIANS DURING THIS TIME.

>> THERE'S JUST A LOT OF ANGER.

YOU KNOW, WE'VE BEEN SEEING

VIDEOS, WE'VE BEEN TALKING TO

PEOPLE WHO JUST SEE A STATE

THAT HAS FAILED TO-- FORGET EVEN

HELP THEM,ACKNOWLEDGE WHAT'S

GOING ON.

RALLIES WERE BEING HELD JUST

TWO OR THREE DAYS BEFORE THE

FINAL POLL.

SO, IT'S NOT AS IF, YOU KNOW,

THE RALLIES WERE STOPPED WAY IN

ADVANCE WHEN THE NUMBERS STARTED

CLIMBING UP.

AND WE DON'T KNOW WHAT THIS IS

GOING TO DO TO THE RULING PARTY

AT ALL BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, THE

NEXT BIG ELECTION FOR THEM IS

ONLY A FEW YEARS APART.

BUT THERE IS A LOT OF-- A LOT OF

ANGER.

>> Sreenivasan: YOU KNOW, WHAT'S

SURPRISING IS, AS EARLY AS A

MONTH AGO, THERE WAS A SENSE OF

CONFIDENCE THAT INDIA HAD BEAT

THIS.

INDIA WAS HANDING OUT VACCINES

TO OTHER COUNTRIES.

AND HERE WE ARE.

>> YOU KNOW, IN HINDSIGHT,

PEOPLE ARE LIKE, OKAY, WHERE

WERE THE AUTHORITIES?

BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, JUST BECAUSE

YOU CLAIM THAT YOU BEAT A

PANDEMIC DOESN'T REALLY MEAN

THAT THE VIRUS HAS GONE AWAY.

THE VIRUS HAS DONE WHAT IT HAS

DONE WORLD OVER THROUGH

HISTORY; IT HAS MUTATED, IT HAS

SUDDENLY CIRCULATED, AND NOW IT

HAS EXPLODED.

AND, YOU KNOW, THE SENSE IS

THAT THE AUTHORITIES WERE CAUGHT

OFF-GUARD, BUT, YOU KNOW, THEY

HAD-- TO BE REALLY HONEST-- NO

BUSINESS DOING THAT BECAUSE THE

CASESHAD BEEN CLIMBING FOR A

WHILE.

WHAT YOU'RE SEEING IS A COMPLETE

COLLAPSE OF THE MEDICAL SYSTEM

AND COMPLETE LACK OF

RESPONSIBILITIES FROM

AUTHORITIES ACROSS THE LEVELS.

>> Sreenivasan: PAVNI, TELL ME

A LITTLE BIT ABOUT WHAT KINDS

OF PRECAUTIONS ARE YOU, YOUR

FAMILY MEMBERS, TAKING ON A

DAY-TO-DAY BASIS?

>> WELL, WE'RE LOCKED IN.

SO, DELHI'S HAD A LOCKDOWN.

TO BE REALLY HONEST, I MEAN,

I'VE BEEN FULLY VACCINATED

BEFORE I CAME IN.

MY FATHER'S BEEN FULLY

VACCINATED, AND MY MOTHER'S HAD

ONE SHOT.

NOW, WE DON'T KNOW WHEN SHE'LL

GET HER SECOND SHOT BECAUSE SHE

HAS THE COVAXIN, AND SUPPLIES

ARE LOW, AS WE KNOW.

BUT WE'RE NOT-- LIKE, I

HAVEN'T-- I THINK I'VE STEPPED

OUT OF MY HOUSE THREE TIMES,

TWICE JUST WITHIN THE COMPLEX

AND ONCE TO THE AIRPORT IN THE

CAR.

>> Sreenivasan: PAVNI MITTAL,

JOINING US FROM NEW DELHI.

THANKS SO MUCH.

>> Sreenivasan: FOR DECADES,

MANUFACTURERS IN THE UNITED

STATES HAVE WARNED OF A MASSIVE

SKILLS GAP-- THAT THERE ARE

NOT ENOUGH NEW WORKERS WITH THE

SKILLS NEEDED TO MAKE UP FOR

OLDER ONES WHO ARE RETIRING.

PRESIDENT BIDEN HAS PROPOSED

$100 BILLION FOR WORKFORCE

TRAINING OVER THE NEXT TEN YEARS

AS PART OF THE AMERICAN JOBS

PLAN, A PLAN HE TOUTED DURING

HIS ADDRESS TO CONGRESS EARLIER

THIS WEEK.

>> NEARLY 90% OF THE

INFRASTRUCTURE JOBS CREATED IN

THE AMERICAN JOBS PLAN DO NOT

REQUIRE A COLLEGE DEGREE.

75% DON'T REQUIRE AN ASSOCIATE'S

DEGREE.

THE AMERICAN JOBS PLAN IS A

BLUE-COLLAR BLUEPRINT TO BUILD

AMERICA.

THAT'S WHAT IT IS.

( APPLAUSE )

>> Sreenivasan: IN THIS

INSTALLMENT OF OUR SERIES,

"ROADS TO RECOVERY,"

CHRISTOPHER BOOKER REPORTS FROM

SOUTHWESTERN CONNECTICUT ON HOW

THE PANDEMIC HAS ACCELERATED A

PUSH TO IMPROVE AND EXPAND

TRAINING FOR THE STATE'S

MANUFACTURING WORKFORCE.

THIS STORY IS PART OF OUR

ONGOING SERIES, "CHASING THE

DREAM: POVERTY AND OPPORTUNITY

IN AMERICA."

>> Reporter: THERE IS MUCH TO BE

READ IN BIGELOW'S TEA LEAVES.

WATCHING THE TEA BAGS BEING

MANUFACTURED IN THIS FAIRFIELD,

CONNECTICUT FACTORY IS TO SEE A

COLLISION BETWEEN THE PAST AND

PRESENT.

THE FINAL PRODUCT WOULD NOT BE

UNFAMILIAR TO RUTH C. BIGELOW,

WHO STARTED THIS COMPANY NEARLY

80 YEARS AGO, BUT THE SPEED AND

MECHANIZATION OF PRODUCING

460 MILLION TEA BAGS A YEAR

WITH JUST 100 WORKERS IS

ENTIRELY NEW.

>> WHEN WE FIRST STARTED, THE

BUSINESS WAS BUILT ON WOMEN

WHOSE KIDS WERE IN SCHOOL,

AND THE HOURS THAT THEY WERE

ABLE TO WORK.

AND THOSE HOURS WERE THE HOURS

THEY CAME IN.

>> Reporter: CINDI BIGELOW IS

RUTH'S GRANDDAUGHTER, AND THE

C.E.O. OF BIGELOW TEA, WHICH, IN

ADDITION TO THIS PLANT, ALSO HAS

PRODUCTION FACILITIES IN

LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY AND BOISE,

IDAHO.

HOW HARD IS IT TO FIND AND

RETAIN TALENT, PARTICULARLY ON

THE MANUFACTURING SIDE?

>> IT IS A CHALLENGE.

AND THE PANDEMIC MADE IT MORE

CHALLENGING.

>> Reporter: THE FACTORIES

NEVER SHUT DOWN, EVEN AS THE

MARKET FOR TEA CHANGED.

DEMAND INCREASED AT HOME, BUT

CRATERED AT THE OFFICE.

THAT, COMBINED WITH THE PANDEMIC

ITSELF, PUT EXTRA PRESSURE ON

BIGELOW'S WORKFORCE.

>> WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT

MANUFACTURING, YOU RECOGNIZE

THAT IT'S A DISCIPLINED

PROFESSION.

YOU HAVE TO BE HERE ON TIME.

YOU HAVE A CERTAIN NUMBER OF

HOURS.

YOU'RE WORKING ON LINES WITH

OTHER INDIVIDUALS.

THERE'S A REAL COLLABORATION.

AND SO, WHEN YOU HAVE A PANDEMIC

HIT AND ALL OF A SUDDEN

TRANSPORTATION HAS GOTTEN MORE

CHALLENGING, CHILD CARE WAS

DEVASTATED-- THAT IMPACTS THE

EMPLOYEES, AND IMPACTED OUR

ABILITY TO BE ABLE TO RETAIN AND

KEEP AND HIRE INDIVIDUALS.

>> Reporter: EVEN BEFORE THE

PANDEMIC, BIGELOW SAYS THE

COMPANY WAS ALWAYS LOOKING FOR

NEW WORKERS, AND LIKE OTHER

MANUFACTURERS, ITS WORKFORCE IS

AGING.

>> A LOT OF OUR MECHANICS

HAVE BEEN HERE 20, 25 YEARS,

AND THEY'RE WORKING TOWARD

RETIREMENT.

SO WE NEED TO MAKE SURE WE'RE

GETTING PEOPLE IN HERE, AND THEY

HAVE TO HAVE, WHAT WE CALL, SORT

OF SOFT SKILLS, AND THEY HAVE TO

HAVE, SORT OF THE MECHANICAL AND

ELECTRICAL APTITUDE.

>> Reporter: BUT IN CONNECTICUT,

LIKE EVERY STATE IN AMERICA,

THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH PEOPLE WITH

THESE SKILLS.

>> I'M GOING TO WRITE THE SAME

PROGRAM, BUT I'M GOING TO ADJUST

FOR THE TOOLS.

>> Reporter: ABOUT 15 MILES

FROM BIGELOW'S FAIRFIELD PLANT,

A SMALL GROUP OF ASPIRING

MACHINISTS IS GETTING THEIR

FIRST EXPOSURE TO COMPUTERIZED

MACHINING TOOLS AFTER FIVE WEEKS

OF VIRTUAL CLASSES.

FUNDED BY GRANTS FROM THE

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND

CONNECTICUT'S DEPARTMENT OF

LABOR, AND IN PARTNERSHIP WITH

COMPANIES LIKE BIGELOW, THE

EIGHT-WEEK PRE-APPRENTICESHIP

CLASS PROVIDES TRAINING IN SOFT

SKILLS AND INDUSTRIAL SAFETY.

THAT'S IN ADDITION TO HANDS-ON

TRAINING WITH TOOLS, BLUEPRINT

READING, AND MACHINE

PROGRAMMING.

IS THIS THE FIRST TIME YOU HAD

THOUGHT ABOUT PURSUING SOMETHING

LIKE THIS?

>> YES, THIS HAS BEEN THE FIRST.

I NEVER KNEW ANYTHING ABOUT

MANUFACTURING.

>> Reporter: IF ALL GOES WELL,

24-YEAR-OLD KHAILA McCLINTOCK

WILL BE A FULL-TIME APPRENTICE

IN A MATTER OF WEEKS.

SHE ATTENDED SOME COLLEGE

AFTER GRADUATING HIGH SCHOOL,

BUT DIDN'T GRADUATE, AND HAS

STUDENT DEBT.

AND, SHE LOST HER JOB IN A

DELI LAST MARCH DUE TO THE

COVID SHUTDOWN.

>> I JUST WANT TO BE SITUATED,

LIKE, AND I KNOW WITH THIS TRADE

I CAN FURTHER IN IT AND I KNOW I

CAN MAKE SOME TYPE OF LIVING OFF

OF IT.

>> Reporter: A CRUCIAL PART OF

THE TRAINING EQUATION IS

ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR SUPPLIES

AND FEES, AS WELL AS CHILDCARE

AND TRANSPORTATION.

McCLINTOCK LIVES ABOUT 30 MILES

AWAY, AND THE PROGRAM PROVIDES A

RIDE TO AND FROM EACH IN-PERSON

CLASS.

IF YOU HAD NOT HAD THAT

TRANSPORTATION, DO YOU THINK

YOU'D BE ABLE TO GET HERE?

>> IT WOULD BE A STRUGGLE

WITHOUT THEM.

A STRUGGLE.

>> Reporter: AT THE END OF EIGHT

WEEKS, McCLINTOCK WILL HAVE A

CERTIFICATE FROM THE NATIONAL

INSTITUTE OF METALWORKING

SKILLS, AND BE CONNECTED WITH A

LOCAL EMPLOYER, LIKE BIGELOW,

WHERE SHE WILL COMPLETE AN

APPRENTICESHIP LASTING AT LEAST

A YEAR-- A PAID JOB THAT ALSO

COMMITS TO PROVIDING STRUCTURED

ON-THE-JOB TRAINING AND

MENTORSHIP.

WHILE THE IDEA FOR THIS PROGRAM

BEGAN BEFORE THE PANDEMIC, JOE

CARBONE, C.E.O. OF THE

WORKPLACE, A FAIRFIELD COUNTY-

BASED NONPROFIT ADMINISTERING

THE PROGRAM, SAYS TRAINING LIKE

THIS HAS TAKEN ON NEW IMPORTANCE

AFTER THE DISRUPTION OF THE LAST

13 MONTHS.

>> WHEN YOU LOOK IN CONNECTICUT

AT THE PEOPLE THAT ARE RIGHT NOW

COLLECTING UNEMPLOYMENT

BENEFITS, TWO-THIRDS ARE PEOPLE

THAT EARNED $35,000 A YEAR OR

LESS IN 2019.

TO THE EXTENT WE CAN HELP TO

MOVE PEOPLE UP, FEEDING THE KIND

OF SKILLS THAT ARE NEEDED FOR

THESE JOBS THAT YOU CAN DO AN

APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM, THEY ARE

THAT BUFFER BETWEEN PEOPLE THAT

ARE UNSKILLED AND WHERE YOU

COULD BEGIN TO MOVE UP THE

LADDER TO FEED INTO THE

INDUSTRIES THAT ARE GROWING AND

ARE PAYING REASONABLY GOOD

WAGES.

>> Reporter: AND OFFICIALS IN

CONNECTICUT ARE HOPING THAT

MANUFACTURING, WHICH MAKES UP

ABOUT 10% OF THE STATE'S

WORKFORCE, WITH AN AVERAGE WAGE

OF NEARLY $20 AN HOUR, MAY

PROVIDE THAT BRIDGE.

>> THE PANDEMIC HAS BEEN REALLY

A CATALYST TO GET PEOPLE FOCUSED

ON WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT.

>> Reporter: COLIN COOPER IS

CONNECTICUT'S CHIEF

MANUFACTURING OFFICER.

HE WAS APPOINTED BY GOVERNOR

NED LAMONT IN 2019 TO SERVE AS

THE STATE'S ADVOCATE FOR

MANUFACTURING, AFTER A CAREER

RUNNING AN AEROSPACE

MANUFACTURING COMPANY.

IT'S THE FIRST POSITION LIKE

THIS IN THE COUNTRY.

>> WE GRADUATE APPROXIMATELY

9,000 HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS A

YEAR THAT DON'T GO ON TO COLLEGE

OR THE MILITARY.

SO, THOSE STUDENTS ARE AT RISK

OF BEING UNDEREMPLOYED IF THEY

DON'T GET ADDITIONAL TRAINING.

AND WE LOOK AT THAT AS A RIVER

OF TALENT COMING OUT OF OUR

HIGH SCHOOL SYSTEMS, THAT WE

NEED TO ACCESS THAT TALENT AND

GET THEM THE OPPORTUNITY TO GET

SOME OF THIS TRAINING.

>> Reporter: AND THEY NEED TO DO

IT FAST.

>> 35% OF OUR MANUFACTURING

WORKFORCE IS 55 YEARS OR OLDER.

SO WE HAVE A LOT OF ATTRITION

FROM RETIREMENT.

AND THOSE HAPPEN TO BE THE MOST

HIGHLY-SKILLED, EXPERIENCED

WORKERS THAT ARE RETIRING.

AND SO, WE'RE FOCUSED ON

INCUMBENT WORKER TRAINING AS

WELL AS TRAINING NEW ENTRANTS.

>> Reporter: SOUNDS LIKE A

REMARKABLY COMPLICATED TASK,

BECAUSE ON ONE HAND, YOU HAVE

SUCH A LARGE PORTION OF THE

WORKING POPULATION COMING

TOWARDS RETIREMENT, COUPLED WITH

A PRETTY DRAMATIC CHANGE IN

TECHNOLOGY AND WHAT THE SKILLS

THAT ARE NEEDED FOR THESE JOBS.

>> YES, YEAH, EXACTLY RIGHT.

I MEAN, WE HAVE SORT OF A

GENERATIONAL SHIFT IN TERMS OF

ALL THESE DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES

THAT ARE COMING TO BEAR IN THE

MANUFACTURING ENVIRONMENT.

>> Reporter: COOPER SAYS EVEN IF

YOU HAVE THE SKILLS FOR TODAY,

THERE IS A GOOD CHANCE, THEY

WON'T BE ENOUGH FOR WHAT'S

COMING.

>> AS THAT POWDER COMES IN, IT

MEETS THE LASER AT JUST THE

RIGHT POINT, AT JUST THE RIGHT

TEMPERATURE, IT FORMS A MELT

POOL AND BUILDS YOUR PART, OR

REPAIRS YOUR PART.

>> Reporter: RON ANGELO IS THE

C.E.O. OF THE CONNECTICUT CENTER

FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY, OR

C-CAT.

THE NONPROFIT WAS FOUNDED IN

2004 WITH A FEDERAL GRANT TO

COMBAT THE LOSS IN MANUFACTURING

JOBS OVERSEAS AND TO PREPARE

CONNECTICUT COMPANIES AND THE

WORKFORCE FOR THE MANUFACTURING

JOBS OF TOMORROW.

>> THIS IS THE THING WITH THE

PANDEMIC, AS HORRIBLE AS IT IS,

WHAT TYPE OF OPPORTUNITIES COULD

COME OUT OF IT?

>> Reporter: INCLUDING

UNPRECEDENTED AMOUNTS OF FUNDING

FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.

LAST SEPTEMBER, C-CAT

LAUNCHED A PROGRAM CALLED

REV-UP, SUBSIDIZING WAGES FOR

CONNECTICUT MANUFACTURING

COMPANIES THAT BROUGHT BACK

FURLOUGHED OR LAID-OFF

EMPLOYEES, AND PROVIDED THEM

WITH ADDITIONAL TRAINING.

THE PROGRAM WAS FUNDED USING

NEARLY $750,000 FROM THE 2020

COVID AID, RELIEF, AND ECONOMIC

SECURITY, OR CARES ACT.

THE MONEY HELPED BRING BACK

SIX EMPLOYEES TO BRISTOL'S

DaCRUZ MANUFACTURING, WHO WERE

LAID OFF WHEN BUSINESS TOOK A

HIT DURING THE PANDEMIC.

HUSBAND AND WIFE VICTOR AND

BETTY DaCRUZ RUN THE COMPANY.

>> WE HAD, YOU KNOW, OUR

SUPERVISOR COMING IN AND SAYING,

I DON'T HAVE ENOUGH WORK.

WE HAD TO, YOU KNOW, MAKE SOME

CHANGES IN ORDER TO DEAL WITH

OUR NEW REALITY.

>> WE HAD SOME PEOPLE TEST

POSITIVE HERE AND WE IMMEDIATELY

SHUT DOWN FOR SIX DAYS.

AND-- AND, YOU KNOW, IT WAS JUST

ALL VERY SCARY THROUGHOUT.

>> Reporter: ORDERS FOR

PRECISION-MACHINED PARTS STARTED

TO PICK UP IN THE FALL, AND THE

DaCRUZ'S SAID FINANCIAL SUPPORT

FROM REV-UP GAVE THEM THE

CONFIDENCE TO BRING PEOPLE BACK

TO WORK SOONER.

TODAY THEY HAVE ABOUT 40

EMPLOYEES, STILL DOWN FROM A

PEAK OF 48 IN 2018.

>> THERE'S JUST A LOT OF

UNKNOWNS.

THIS IS A PANDEMIC.

AND SO, HAVING SOME SUPPORT FROM

THE STATE WAS GREAT.

AND, THE THING IS THAT, YOU

KNOW, WE HAD LAID OFF THESE

PEOPLE, AND WE WANTED TO BRING

THEM BACK AS SOON AS POSSIBLE,

BECAUSE-- BEFORE THEY WOULD BE,

YOU KNOW, TAKEN BY SOMEONE

ELSE.

THE BIGGEST HINDRANCE FOR US TO

GROW IS LACK OF-- OF-- OF

TECHNICAL SKILLS, AND FINDING

PEOPLE.

WE CAN GET WORK, WE CAN GET

MACHINES, BUT YOU CAN'T GET

PEOPLE.

>> Reporter: REV-UP ENDED AT THE

END OF 2020, THE DATE WHEN ALL

CARES ACT MONEY HAD TO BE SPENT.

>> RIGHT NOW WE'RE STANDING IN

OUR ADVANCED DESIGN AUTOMATION

AND METROLOGY LAB.

>> Reporter: BUT RON ANGELO IS

HOPEFUL THAT FUNDS FROM THE

AMERICAN RESCUE PLAN, ENACTED IN

MARCH, WILL PROVIDE ADDITIONAL

SUPPORT.

>> NOW WE'RE TALKING ABOUT A

REV-UP PROGRAM THAT WILL GO

MAYBE A COUPLE OF YEARS, WHERE

THE LAST ONE, WE REALLY ONLY HAD

ABOUT SIX MONTHS TO IMPLEMENT.

SO, ONCE WE GET THAT, IT'S LIKE

PUTTING GASOLINE ON THE FIRE.

THERE'S SO MUCH DEMAND WE HAVE.

WE KNOW THE WORKFORCE THAT'S OUT

THERE, THAT WANTS TO GET BACK TO

WORK; THE COMPANY THAT NEEDS

THEM BACK.

ALL WE NEED TO DO IS GET THAT

CAPITAL DEPLOYED FOR THE

COMPANIES, AND WE'LL START

BRINGING A LOT OF PEOPLE BACK

TO WORK.

>> Reporter: AND VICTOR DaCRUZ

KNOWS THAT EMPLOYERS CAN BE A

CRUCIAL PART OF THAT TRAINING

PROCESS.

HE GOT HIS START AFTER

COMPLETING AN APPRENTICESHIP IN

1976.

>> I CAME UP THROUGH THAT.

I ACTUALLY MADE A BUSINESS OUT

OF IT.

I'VE BEEN A JOB CREATOR FOR

40 YEARS NOW, AND I'M VERY PROUD

OF THAT.

>> Reporter: THIS IS THE KIND OF

FUTURE THAT ASPIRING MACHINIST

KHALIA McCLINTOCK IS HOPING FOR.

>> I JUST CAN'T WAIT TO HAVE

THAT CERTIFICATE IN MY HAND, TO

SEE, LIKE, I FINISHED, YOU KNOW.

IT GETS MY LIFE ON TRACK, WHERE

IT SHOULD BE.

YOU KNOW, IT'S BEEN A VERY

STRUGGLE FOR ME.

SO IT'S LIKE, I NEED THIS.

>>THIS IS PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND,

SATURDAY.

>> Sreenivasan: FINALLY TONIGHT,

WE'VE REPORTED ON THE BENEFITS

OF MANGROVE TREES IN THE

SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES, IN

THE BATTLE TO TURN BACK CLIMATE

CHANGE AND PROTECT COASTLINES.

IN INDONESIA, THERE IS A

NEW CAMPAIGN TO RESTORE

MANGROVES, AND ONE MAN IS

TURNING TO PUPPETS AND HUMOR

TO GET THE TREES THE ATTENTION

THEY DESERVE.

NEWSHOUR WEEKEND'S IVETTE

FELICIANO REPORTS.

>> Reporter: THE SIGN READS

"TRAVELING FAIRY TALES," AND

THE RHINO-HEAD HAT HE WEARS IS

MEANT TO CALL ATTENTION TO ONE

OF INDONESIA'S ENDANGERED

SPECIES.

>> (translated ): WHEN I

DECIDED TO MAKE THIS TRAVELLING

FAIRY TALE, IT WAS MY HOPE THAT

THE CHILDREN I MEET COULD BECOME

HEROES FOR THEIR ENVIRONMENT,

HEROES FOR SAVING INDONESIAN

RARE ANIMALS, INDONESIAN FORESTS

AND PRESERVING MANGROVES IN OUR

COUNTRY.

>> Reporter: SAMSUDIN, AN

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVIST WHO GOES

BY ONE NAME, TRAVELS THROUGH

VILLAGES LIKE THIS ONE IN THE

COASTAL REGION SOUTHEAST OF

JAKARTA.

IN ADDITION TO RISING SEA LEVELS

DUE TO CLIMATE CHANGE, ILLEGAL

LOGGING AND CONSTRUCTION OF FISH

FARMS ARE ALSO CONTRIBUTING TO

COASTAL EROSION, THREATENING

LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS.

>> (translated ): ONE OF THE

FUNCTIONS OF MANGROVES IS THAT

THEY CAN ACT AS A BARRIER TO THE

STRONG WAVES FROM THE OCEAN WHEN

THEY GROW UP, SO WAVES WILL NOT

DESTROY THE LAND, AS THERE CAN

BE A LOT OF EROSION ON LAND

CAUSED BY THOSE BIG WAVES.

>> Reporter: THE ISLAND NATION

STILL HAS MORE THAN EIGHT

MILLION ACRES OF MANGROVES,

BUT HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF

ACRES ARE DAMAGED OR IN CRITICAL

CONDITION.

A GOVERNMENT-BACKED RESTORATION

PROJECT IS UNDERWAY, BUT NOT

EVERYONE IS A SUPPORTER.

>> (translated ): PEOPLE THINK

WE ARE CRAZY, AND WHAT WE DO IS

"UNUSEFUL," AND THEY SEE

MANGROVE PLANTING AS A

DISTURBANCE.

SO, AFTER WE PLANTED, A LOT OF

IT WAS PULLED OUT.

BUT THAT'S A CHALLENGE, AND WE

HAVE TO KEEP DOING IT.

>> Reporter: SAMSUDIN AND HIS

TEAM PLAN TO KEEP SPREADING THE

WORD AND PLANTING SAPLINGS TO

REINFORCE THE MESSAGE THAT

MANGROVES CAN BE CLIMATE CHANGE

HEROES.

>> Sreenivasan: AND BEFORE

WE GO, LATE NEWS TODAY THAT

THE ACTRESS OLYMPIA DUKAKIS

HAS DIED.

DUKAKIS WON AN OSCAR AS

BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS FOR HER

ROLE AS CHER'S MOTHER IN THE

1988 FILM "MOONSTRUCK."

>> YOU'VE GOT A LOVE BITE ON

YOUR NECK; HE'S COMING BACK THIS

MORNING.

WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH YOU?

YOUR LIFE'S GOIN' DOWN THE

TOILET!

>> Sreenivasan: IT WAS THE

SAME YEAR HER COUSIN MICHAEL

WAS RUNNING AS THE DEMOCRATIC

CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT.

OLYMPIA DUKAKIS WAS A STAGE, BIG

SCREEN AND TELEVISION SUCCESS.

HER MOST RECENT PROJECTS

INCLUDED THE 2019 TV MINISERIES

"TALES OF THE CITY."

OLYMPIA DUKAKIS WAS 89 YEARS

OLD.

THAT'S ALL FOR THIS EDITION OF

PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.

FOR THE LATEST NEWS UPDATES,

VISIT www.pbs.org/newshour.

I'M HARI SREENIVASAN.

THANKS FOR WATCHING.

STAY HEALTHY, AND HAVE A

GOOD NIGHT.

Captioning sponsored by WNET

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access.wgbh.org

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