MetroFocus

FULL EPISODE

MetroFocus: September 19, 2017

One of Hollywood's leading liberal voices teams up with former President George W. Bush speechwriter, David Frum. We'll take you behind the U.N's exterior to expose it’s not often seen inner beauty. Jurate Kazickas was one of only a handful of female journalists who went to the frontlines of the Vietnam War to tell the story of what was unfolding there.

AIRED: September 19, 2017 | 0:26:47
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

>>> TONIGHT ON "METROFOCUS,"

IT'S A TALE OF ONE CITY AND TWO

EVENTS.

AS PRESIDENT TRUMP ADDRESSES THE

UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY

REGARDING ROGUE REGIME ON THE

EAST SIDE OF TOWN, ONE OF

HOLLYWOOD'S LEADING LIBERALS

TEAMS UP WITH A FORMER BUSH

ADVISER ON THE WEST SIDE TO

DISCUSS ANOTHER.

THEIR QUEST, A SEARCH FOR

ANSWERS REGARD RUSSIA'S MEDDLING

INTO AMERICA'S ELECTION.

>>> PLUS WE'LL TAKE YOU BEHIND

THE U.N.'S EXTERIOR TO LOOK AT

ITS INNER BEAUTY.

>>> HE WAS ONE OF ONLY A HANDFUL

OF FEMALE JOURNALISTS WHO

COVERED THE EVENT ON THE FRONT

LINE OF THE VIETNAM WAR.

SHE'LL BE HERE WITH HER STORY.

ALL THAT AND MORE AS

"METROFOCUS" STARTS RIGHT NOW.

>>> THIS IS "METROFOCUS" WITH

RAPHAEL P. RAHMAN, JACK FORD AND

JENNA FLANAGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS

PROVIDED BY --

>>> GOOD EVENING.

WELCOME TO "METROFOCUS."

I'M JENNA FLANAGAN.

HAVE YOU NOTICED ALL OF THE

TRAFFIC, ESPECIALLY IN MIDTOWN

TODAY?

IF SO YOU'RE NOT ALONE AND THE

BAD NEWS IS THAT THE TRAFFIC

WON'T BE LETTING UP UNTIL THE

29th.

THE UNITED NATIONS 72 NDS

GENERAL ASSEMBLY IS IN SESSION

AND SO IS GRIDLOCK INSIDE

MANHATTAN AND THE HALLOWED HALL.

THEY'RE HERE TO DEBATE THE

BIGGEST CHALLENGES FACING THE

GLOBAL COMMUNITY.

IN MOMENTS WE'LL TAKE YOU BEHIND

THE SCENENS OF THE UNITED

NATIONS, RHETORICAL BLUSTER TO

EXPLORE ITS RARELY SEEN PHYSICAL

BEAUTY.

>>> FIRST, TODAY WAS PRESIDENT

TRUMP'S TURN TO ADDRESS THE

UNITED NATIONS FOR THE VERY

FIRST TIME.

>> AND JUST AS THE FOUNDERS OF

THISSED BED BD DO INTENDED, WE

WORK TOGETHER AND CONFRONT

TOGETHER THOSE WHO THREATEN US

WITH CHAOS, TURMOIL AND TERROR.

THE SCORGE OF OUR NATION TODAY,

THEY REPRESENT NEITHER THEIR OWN

CITIZENS NOR THE SOVEREIGN

RIGHTS OF THEIR COUNTRIES.

IF THE RIGHTEOUS MANY DO NOT

CONFRONT THE WICKED FEW, THEN

EVIL WITH TRIUMPH.

WHEN DECENT PEOPLE AND NATIONS

BECOME BYSTANDERS TO HISTORY,

THE FORCES OF DESTRUCTION ONLY

GATHER POWER AND STRENGTH.

NO ONE HAS SHOWN MORE CONTEMPT

FOR OTHER NATIONS AND FOR THE

WELL-BEING OF THEIR OWN PEOPLE

THAN THE DEPRAVE REGIME IN NORTH

KOREA.

NOW NORTH KOREA'S RECKLESS

PURSUIT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND

BALLISTIC MISSILES THREATENS THE

ENTIRE WORLD WITH UNTHINKABLE

LOSS OF HUMAN LIFE.

IT IS AN OUTRAGE THAT SOME

NATIONS WOULD NOT ONLY TRADE

WITH SUCH A REGIME BUT WOULD

ARM, SUPPLY AND FINANCIAL

SUPPORT A COUNTRY THAT IMPERILS

THE WORLD WITH NUCLEAR CONFLICT.

NO NATION ON EARTH HAS AN

INTEREST IN SEEING THIS BAND OF

CRIMINALS ARM ITSELF WITH

NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND MISSILES.

THE UNITED STATES HAS GREAT

STRENGTH AND PATIENCE.

BUT IF IT IS FORCED TO DEFEND

ITSELF OR ITS ALLIES, WE WILL

HAVE NO CHOICE BUT TO TOTALLY

DESTROY NORTH KOREA.

ROCKETMAN IS ON A SUICIDE

MISSION FOR HIMSELF AND FOR HIS

REGIME.

THE UNITED STATES IS READY,

WILLING AND ABLE BUT HOPEFULLY

THIS WILL NOT BE NECESSARY.

THAT'S WHAT THE UNITED NATIONS

IS ALL ABOUT.

>> AS THE PRESIDENT SPOKE ON THE

EAST SIDE OF TOWN, WE FOUND THE

SEARCH FOR THE ANSWERS ON THE

WEST SIDE.

TODAY MARKED THE LAUNCH OF A NEW

NONPARTISAN ORGANIZATION CALLED

THE COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE

RUSSIA LED BY ROB REINER AND

DRAIFD FROM, A FORMER SPECIAL

ASSISTANT TO GEORGE W. BUSH.

GENTLEMEN, WELCOME TO

"METROFOCUS."

>> THANKS FOR HAVING US.

>> WHAT WHEN IT COMES TO THIS

ORGANIZATION THAT YOU STARTED,

WHY IS NOW THE TIME AND WHY ARE

THE TWO OF YOU THE MESSENGERS TO

BRING THIS TO THE PUBLIC?

>> FIRST OF ALL, IT NEEDS TO BE

BIPARTISAN.

AND TRADITIONALLY AND

HISTORICALLY WHEN WE'VE BEEN

ATTACKED BY A FOREIGN POWER,

WE'VE ALWAYS COME TOGETHER AS A

COUNTRY.

THE CLICHE THAT POLITICS STOPS

AT THE WATER'S EDGE.

FFR THE FIRST TIME IN OUR

HISTORY IT HASN'T AND WE HAVEN'T

COME TOGETHER AS A COUNTRY TO

UNDERSTAND WHAT ACTUALLY

HAPPENED TO US.

WHAT THE RUSSIANS HAVE ACTUALLY

BEEN ABLE TO DO AND HAVE BEEN

SUCCESSFUL THIS TIME.

THEY'VE TRIED OVER THE YEARS.

TIMES TO GET IN OUR DEMOCRACY

AND THEY WERE SUCCESSFUL THIS

TIME AND THEY CONTINUED TO BE

SUCCESSFUL.

WE NEED TO UNDERSTAND AS

AMERICANS WHAT WE'RE UP AGAINST

AND WHAT WE CAN DO TO FIGHT

AGAINST THIS.

>> ONE OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS THAT

ROB REINER HAS REALLY MADE HERE

IS THERE'S A LOT OF RUMOR, A LOT

OF ACCUSATION AND IF YOU GET

YOUR INFORMATION FROM YOUR

FACEBOOK FEED, YOU CAN BE ON THE

RECEIVING END OF THIS

INFORMATION FROM AN ANTI-TRUMP

POINT OF VIEW.

THERE'S A LOT OF FAKE NEWS THAT

IS ANTI-TRUMP.

IT'S IMPORTANT FOR PEOPLE TO BE

ABLE TO GO SOMEWHERE AND SAY,

WHAT ARE THE FACTS, WHAT ARE THE

OPEN QUESTIONS.

WHAT ARE THE DEBUNKED RUMORS AND

WHAT REMAINS TO BE KNOWN.

AND AS THE STORY MOVES SO FAST

THAT YOU WANT TO BE ABLE TO KEEP

TRACK OF WHAT IS TRUE, WHAT IS

TO BE RESOLVED IN THE FUTURE AND

WHAT IS NOT TRUE.

>> SO IT'S INTERESTING THAT YOU

BOTH BROUGHT UP THE FACEBOOK

ANGLE.

ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE

DISCOVERED AFTER 2016 IS THAT A

LOT OF THE FACE NEWS

DISSEMINATED ON FACEBOOK WERE

SHARES BY FRIENDS OF FRIENDS.

PEOPLE TRUST BY THE PUBLIC.

WHY WOULD THE PUBLIC TRUST YOU?

>> ONE OF THE THINGS THAT

HAPPENED THERE THAT WAS REALLY

INSIDIOUS IS THAT THE RUGSS

CREATED FAKE IDENTITIES ON

FACEBOOK.

CREATED PEOPLE WHO LOOKED LIKE

THEY MAY BE YOUR FRIENDS.

BUT THEY'RE IN FACT, YOU KNOW,

EMPLOYEES OF THE BUILDING IN ST.

PETERSBURG OR MOSCOW AND THEY

WOULD BE SAYING I'M A MOTHER OF

TWO IN WISCONSIN, I'M A RETIRED

VETERAN LIVING ON A PENSION IN

PENNSYLVANIA AND THEY WEREN'T.

AND THEY WOULD CREATE THESE

THINGS AND SPREAD

DISINFORMATION.

THAT'S ONE OF THE THINGS THAT

WAS UNIQUE ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED

IN 2016.

PEOPLE WILL SAY FOREIGN

COUNTRIES HAVE PARTICIPATED IN

AMERICAN ELECTIONS BEFORE.

I WORKED FOR PRESIDENT GEORGE W.

BUSH AND IN 2004 IT WAS NO

SECRET THAT SCHRODER PREFER THAT

JOHN KERRY BE PRESIDENT BUT WE

KNEW THAT BECAUSE HE TALKED TO

THE PAPERS AND HE SAID ON THE

RECORD, DISOBLIGING THINGS ABOUT

GEORGE W. BUSH.

YOU DON'T LIKE IT BUT THAT'S

POLITICS.

IT'S A DIFFERENT THING IF TH

THERE'S A CLANDESTINE DECEPTIVE

APPROACH DIRECTLY INTO THE

ELECTION OFTEN IN VIOLATION OF

AMERICAN ELECTION.

>> AND WHILE I FULLY APPRECIATE

THAT, WHAT I'M SORT OF GETTING

AT HERE IS THAT EVEN THOUGH YOU

HAD FAKE ACCOUNTS THAT WERE

CREATED TO LOOK LIKE THEY WOULD

BE THE FRIEND OF A FRIEND OF A

FRIEND, THEY WERE STILL PEOPLE

THAT MOST OF THE PUBLIC WOULD

TRUST.

THERE'S BEEN A LOT OF DISTRUST

WITH THE MAINSTREAM MEDIA AND

WITH PUBLIC FIGURES IN TERMS OF

POLITICS AND IN TERMS OF PUBLIC

INFORMATION.

SO AGAIN, HOW IS IT THAT THE TWO

OF YOU MANAGED TO CREATE THAT

TRUST WITH THE PUBLIC THEY MIGHT

HAVE HAD WITH FACEBOOK OUTLETS

SHOWING UP ON FACEBOOK?

>> HOPEFULLY THEY'RE LOOKING AT

TWO PEOPLE ON OPPOSITE SIDES OF

THE POLITICAL SPEM STRUM WHO

HAVE COME TOGETHER OVER THIS TO

GIVE IT CREDIBILITY, TO SAY THIS

IS NOT A PART ZN ISSUE, THIS IS

NOT LEFT WING OR RIGHT WING

POLITICS.

THIS IS ABOUT AMERICA.

THIS IS ABOUT A FOREIGN POWER,

AN AUTHORITARIAN GOVERNMENT

TRYING TO DESTABILIZE AND WEAKEN

AMERICAN DEMOCRACY AND DEMOCRACY

THROUGHOUT THE WORLD AND WE HAVE

TO TAKE THIS SERIOUSLY.

>> ARE YOU GOING TO BE WORKING

IN TANDEM WITH THE MUELLER

INVESTIGATION OR IS THIS JUST TO

HELP PEOPLE UNDERSTAND THE

MUELLER INVESTIGATION?

>> THAT'S AN ACTION OF

GOVERNMENT AND ROBERT MUELLER

BEHAVES AT THE HIGHEST LEVELS OF

ETHICS.

ONE OF THE THING WITH THE

PROSECUTOR IS YOU DO NOT SAY

ANYTHING.

ANYBODY CAN BE SUSPECTED OF A

CRIME.

ANYBODY CAN EVEN BE ACCUSED OF A

CRIME.

YOU DON'T LOSE YOUR RIGHT TO

PRIVACY UNTIL THERE'S PROBABLE

CAUSE.

WE HOPE THAT THE MUELLER

INVESTIGATION IS PROOF AND THAT

IS AN ACHIEVEMENT BY THEM NP

T.

THEY DON'T SHARE THEIR

INFORMATION.

ON THINGS THEY CAN'T PROVE

THEY'LL CLOSE THE BOOKS.

ONE OF THE RISKS FOR THE COUNTRY

IS MUELLER IS THERE TO LOOK FOR

CRIMES.

HE ES NOT THERE FOR LOOK FOR

LEAKS IN SECURITY.

HE'S NOT THERE TO INVESTIGATE

FORE

FOREIGNERS.

HE'S THERE TO INVESTIGATE

AMERICANS.

AS A CITIZEN YOU NEED TO KNOW

ABOUT -- THESE MAY NOT BE

BREACHES OF ANY LAW BUT YOU NEED

TO KNOW IF A FOREIGN POWER LIED

TO INFLUENCE THE AMERICAN

ELECTION, YOU JUST NEED TO KNOW

ABOUT IT.

>> WE NEED TO KNOW WHETHER

AMERICANS WERE COMPLICIT IN ANY

OF THAT.

YOU KNOW, THAT DESTROYS THE

FABRIC OF DEMOCRACY AND THAT HAS

BEEN THEIR GOAL SINCE 1917.

BUT THEY HAVE A WEB NOW THAT

THEY NEVER HAD BEFORE.

IT'S NOT AN ADAM BOMB WHICH WE

CAN SEE COMING AND IT BLOWS UP.

THEY HAVE A CLAN TEST TIN WEAPON

THAT CAN BE AS EFFECTIVE OR MORE

EFFECTIVE.

>> ONCE ALL OF THIS INFORMATION

IS THEN DISSEMINATED AND YOU

HELP THE PUBLIC DIGEST IT, WHAT

DO WE DO WITH IT?

WHAT DO WE DO AS A SOCIETY?

>> WELL, WHAT WE DO, FIRST OF

ALL IS TO RECOGNIZE THE PROBLEM

AND THEN YOU START PUTTING

RESOURCES BEHIND BUILDING UP

YOUR CYBER DEFENSES.

AND UNDERSTANDING HOW TO COMBAT

THIS.

UNLESS WE'RE SECURE -- AS DAVID

POINTS OUT, THIS IS ABOUT

NATIONAL SECURITY.

WE HAVE TO MAKE OUR COUNTRY

SECURE AND NOT BE INVADED BY

FOREIGN ENEMY POWERS THAT WANT

TO DISRUPT US.

>> A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO THERE

WAS A HACK PROBABLY BY THE

CHINESE WHERE THEY GOT THE

RECORDS ON NEARLY OVER 1 MILLION

GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

I WAS ONE OF THEM.

SO MY MOST PERSONAL INFORMATION,

INCLUDING MY CLEARANCE FILE IS

PROBABLY IN A SERVER IN BEIJING.

I DON'T FEEL REALLY GOOD ABOUT

THAT.

THIS HUGE EQUIFAX HACK, WHERE IS

THAT INFORMATION GOING TO END

UP?

COULD IT END UP IN THE HANDS OF

A FOREIGN SPY AGENCY?

WHO APPOINTED EQUIFAX TO BE THE

KUS TOADSIAN OF EVERY AMERICAN'S

MOST INTIMATE PERSONAL DATA.

WE MAY NEED SOME NEW RULES FOR

THAT.

IF RUSSIAN AGENTS SHOWED UP WITH

A GIANT HAM AND DELIVERED IT TO

THE TRUMP CAMPAIGN, THAT WOULD

TRULY BE ILLEGAL.

IF THEY SHOW UP A DOSSIER OF

INFORMATION ABOUT HILLARY

CLINTON, IT'S NOT SO CLEAR THAT

THAT WOULD BE ILLEGAL.

AND IT'S NOT CLEAR WHETHER IT'S

ILLEGAL IF THEY COMMUNICATE BACK

AND FORTH.

WE NEED ELECTION LAWS FOR

DIGITAL SPACE.

>> WHAT ABOUT THE GERMAN LAW

THAT'S SUPPOSED TO FORCE

FACEBOOK DOWN TO TAKE DOWN FAKE

NEWS.

IS THAT THE DIRECTION WE SHOULD

BE MOVING IN IN.

>> WE HAVE TO LOOK AT WHAT

GOVERNS THE INTERNET IN GENERAL.

THERE MAY BE LAWS THAT NEED TO

BE WRITTEN AND REGULATIONS PUT

IN PLACE.

BUT WE CAN'T LOOK AT IT UNTIL WE

KNOW WHAT'S HAPPENED.

>> THE GERMANS, BECAUSE OF THEIR

HISTORY, ARE MUCH MORE

PROPHYLACTIC ABOUT DANGEROUS

SPEECH THAN THE AMERICANS.

PEOPLE SAY PRETTY WILD THINGS IN

THE UNITED STATES AND WE COME

OUT OKAY.

THEY HAVE A DIFFERENT LEGAL

SYSTEM.

WE NEED -- EVERYTHING STARTS

WITH KNOWING THE TRUTH, THE FULL

TRUTH.

AND LOOKING IT IN THE EYE.

AND IF THE PRESIDENT OF THE

UNITED STATES WON'T MAKE IT

HAPPEN BECAUSE HE IS THE

COMMANDER IN CHIEF, IF HE WON'T

DO IT, THEN CITIZENS HAVE TO

STEP UP.

>> GENTLEMEN, THANK YOU BOTH FOR

JOINING ME ON "METROFOCUS" AND

TELLING US HOW WE CAN GET A

BETTER GRASP ON WHAT IT WAS THAT

TOOK PLACE.

>> THANKS FOR HAVING US.

>> THANK YOU.

>>> 50 YEARS AGO A GENERATION OF

WOMEN JOURNALISTS DEFIED

PRECEDENT AND SET OFF TO COVER

THE BIGGEST STORY OF THEIR

GENERATION, THE VIETNAM WAR.

THE FIND THE NORMS AND THE MALE

DOMINATED NEWS ROOMS OF THE

TIME, THESE WOMEN RISKED THEIR

LIVES TO REPORT FROM THE FRONT

LINE OF A BLOODY, CONTROVERSIAL

WAR.

THEY CHANGED THE PACE OF WAR

REPORTING FOREVER.

AND JOINING ME NOW IS ONE OF

THOSE TRAIL BLAZERS.

IN 1967 SHE DROPPED EVERYTHING

AND PAID HER OWN WAY TO TRAVEL

TO VIETNAM.

ONCE THERE SHE QUICKLY GOT TO

WORK COVERING THE WAR AS A

FREELANCE JOURNALIST.

SHE WAS JUST 24 YEARS OLD AND

JOINS US NOW.

THANK YOU FOR JOINING US.

I'M IN AWE OF THE WORK YOU DID.

FIRST, TAKE IS BUS BACK TO THE

WHEN YOU FIRST AS A YOUNGER

JOURNALIST HEARD ABOUT THE

VIETNAM WAR, REALIZED YOU WANTED

TO COVER THAT.

WHAT WAS THAT PROCESS LIKE?

>> I STOPPED IN VIETNAM ON MY

WAY BACK FROM A TRIP AROUND THE

WORMED AFTER I GRADUATED FROM

COLLEGE AND I HAD BEEN WORKING

IN AFRICA.

AND I HAD A 24-HOUR LAYOVER IN

SA

SAIGON.

THIS WAS IN '66.

>> UH-HUH.

>> AND ALL OF THE SUDDEN I SAID,

THIS IS HUGE, WHAT'S GOING ON

HERE, SEEING OF THE AMERICAN

PRESENCE, I WASN'T REALLY THAT

FAMILIAR WITH THE WAR BECAUSE I

HAD BEEN LIVING IN AFRICA.

SO WHEN I GOT MY FIRST JOB AT

LOOK MAGAZINE, I STARTED TO READ

EVERYTHING ABOUT THE WAR, IT WAS

THE BIGGEST STORY OF THE DAY AND

I NOTICED ONE THING VERY VERY

GLARING.

NO WOMEN REPORTERS IN VIETNAM.

IT WAS ALL MALE REPORTERS.

AND I DIDN'T UNDERSTAND THAT.

I SAID WHY, FOR THE BIGGEST

STORY F 0 OUR GENERATION, OF THE

DAY, THERE WEREN'T MORE WOMEN

COVERING THE WAR.

AND I JUST SAID, I HAVE GOT TO

GO.

NOBODY WOULD SEND ME.

I WENT TO TIME AND NEWS WEEK, MY

OWN MAGAZINE, "LOOK" MAGAZINE,

NO WAY WE'RE SENDING YOU.

YOU'RE YOUNG, FEMALE, YOU

HAVEN'T BEEN IN THE PROFESSION

FOR 20 YEARS.

SO I TOOK OFF ON MY OWN.

>> WOW.

COVERING THIS WAR, WAS THERE A

PERSPECTIVE THAT YOU FELT LIKE

YOU WERE ABLE TO BRING TO WHAT

WAS GOING ON?

WERE THERE STORIES THAT YOU WERE

FINDING THE OTHER JOURNALISTS

WHO MIGHT HAVE BEEN MORE

SEASONED BUT MALE WERE

OVERLOOKING?

ZBLI KNEW I COULDN'T POSSIBLY

COMPETE WITH COVERING THE

POLITICAL SITUATION AND WHOLE

COMPLEXITY OF THE WAR.

SO I FOCUSED ON THE HUMAN

STORIES AND THE FIRST STORY I

WROTE WAS ABOUT SOLDIERS, 18, 19

YEARS OLD IN VIETNAM, LONELY,

SCARED, FRIGHTENED, GETTING DEAR

JOHN LETTERS IN THEIR

GIRLFRIENDS BACK HOME.

IMAGINE HOW DEVASTATING THAT IS.

THAT'S ALL YOU HAVE TO LIVE FOR

WERE THE MAIL, YOUR GIRLFRIEND

SENDING YOU HER PICTURE.

I'M SORRY, JOHNNY, IT'S BEEN A

LONG TIME, I DON'T KNOW WHETHER

YOU'RE COMING BACK, SO ON AND SO

ON.

THE STORY GOT PLAY BECAUSE IT

SPOKE TO THE LONELINESS OF THE

SOLDIER, THE FEAR OF DEATH AND

WHAT THEY'RE CLINGING TO, WHICH

WAS FAMILY AND HOME AND THE

DESPERATE DESIRES TO BE ABLE TO

GO BACK ONE DAY.

AND I WANT TO SAY THAT TO ME WE

CANNOT APPRECIATE ENOUGH THE

SACRIFICE OF THOSE YOUNG MEN AND

WOMEN, THERE WERE NURSES, YOU

KNOW, THE FIRST-AID STATION, SO

WE MUST NEVER FORGET THE WOMEN

WHO SERVED IN VIETNAM, THE

SACRIFICES THEY MADE.

AND THE FACT THAT WHEN THEY CAME

BACK THEY JUST DID NOT GET --

THEY WERE NOT HEROES.

THEY WERE CALLED BABY KILLERS

AND TERRIBLE, TERRIBLE EPITAPHS.

AND THAT'S WHY WE HAVE SUCH A

TERRIBLE SITUATION OF POST

TRAUMATIC STRESS AMONG THE

SOLDIERS WHO ARE NOW IN THEIR

50s, 60s AND 70s STILL BEING

HAUNTED BY THE LONELINESS OF THE

WORLD.

>> WHAT WAS THAT LIKE FOR YOU AS

A WOMAN JOURNALIST?

AS YOU SAID, THERE WERE OTHER

WOMEN THERE SERVING AS NURSES,

ET CETERA, BUT HOW WERE YES ABLE

TO GET PEOPLE TO OPEN UP?

YOUNG MEN WHO ARE SOLDIERS

AREN'T SUPPOSED TO BE VULNERABLE

IN THAT WAY AND YET YOU WERE

ABLE TO GET THEM TO TELL YOU

SOME OF THESE STORIES.

>> I WENT OUT ON PATROL AND

SOMETIMES I WAS WITH A PLATOON

OR A COMPANY FOR TWO OR THREE

DAYS.

NOW YOU BOND WHEN YOU'RE WALKING

THROUGH THE JUNGLE.

YOU'RE ALL FACING THE SAME

THREAT OF ATTACK AND MORTARS AND

BOMBS AND WHATEVER.

AND AT NIGHT YOU DIG YOUR OWN

FOX HOLE.

WE WOMEN JOURNALISTS DID THAT.

WE CARRIED OUR OWN PACKS.

THIS WAS NOT A SITUATION WHERE

WE WANTED TO BE TREATED

DIFFERENTLY, EVEN THOUGH THE

OLDER MILITARY WERE VERY

PAT

PATERNAL LISIC AND

CONDESCENDING.

THAT WAS VERY DIFFICULT FOR US.

WHEN YOU GO THROUGH WHAT THE

SOLDIERS HAVE GONE THROUGH, THE

HEAT, THE THIRST, THE LEECHES,

THE RAIN, THE MONSOONS,

EVERYTHING, YOU'RE THERE WITH

YOUR NOTEBOOK AND YOU'RE TALKING

TO THEM, YOU KNOW, THEY JUST

SAID WOW, YOU KNOW, IF YOU COULD

DO THIS, MORE POWER TO YOU AND

TELL ME WHAT YOU WANT TO KNOW.

AND I THINK THEY FELT VERY

STRONGLY THAT THEY WANTED THEIR

STORIES TOLD TO THEIR HOME

TOWNS, TO THEIR FAMILIES AT

HOME.

THAT WAS VERY VERY GRATIFYING

WHEN I WAS ABLE TO DO A STORY

ABOUT SOMEBODY AND IT RAN IN HIS

LOCAL PAPER.

I KEPT ALL OF MY NOTEBOOKS.

I HAVE HUNDREDS AND HUNDREDS OF

NAMES OF YOUNG MEN, THEIR

HOMETOWNS.

AND I REMEMBER A COUPLE OF YEARS

AGO I GOT VERY SAD AND VERY

VERY, NOT NOSTALGIC BUT

SOMETHING PROVOKED IT AND I

STARTED GOING THROUGH THE

NOTEBOOKS AND I FOUND A NAME AND

A HOMETOWN.

AND IT WOULD BE LIKE

FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS, AN

UNUSUAL NAME.

AND I SAID, I'M GOING TO CALL

INFORMATION, ARE THEY STILL

ALIVE.

HOI ARE THEY DOING?

IT'S BEEN 25 YEARS.

>> OH YEAH.

>> -- SINCE THE WAR.

AND I DID FIND ONE OR TWO

HAPPILY STILL ALIVE.

THEY REMEMBERED ME AND WE

CHATTED AND I WAS JUST SO HAPPY

THAT THEY WERE ALIVE.

BECAUSE AFTER A COUPLE OF DAYS

ON THE PATROL AND I WOULD LEAVE

AND I WOULD BE IN THE HELICOPTER

TAKING OFF, THEY'RE STILL THERE,

THEY HAVE ANOTHER FIVE DAYS IN

THE JUNGLE.

I'M ABLE TO GO BACK, WRITE THE

STORY, GET MY PICTURES

DEVELOPED.

AND I LOOK BACK ON THEM AND SAY,

HOW MANY WILL DIE IN THE NEXT

COUPLE OF DAYS.

IT WAS HARD COVERING A WAR.

I NEVER WANTED TO DO ANOTHER

WAR.

A LOT OF MY COLLEAGUES WENT FROM

ONE TO THE OTHER.

WE JUST KEPT CHASING THE WAR.

NOW OF COURSE SO MUCH OLDER,

THEY'RE NOT DOING THAT ANYMORE.

>> YOU DO NOT WANT TO COVER A

WAR.

YOU DO NOT WANT TO SEE A WAR.

YOU DO NOT WANT TO SEE PEOPLE

DIE IN THE MOST BRUTAL OBSCENE

DISGUSTING WAYS.

HEADS BLOWN OFF AND LIMBS LOST.

AND IT IS -- IT'S JUST A

HORRIBLE THING TO WITNESS.

A GREAT GREAT TRAGEDY.

AND WE'RE STILL HAVING WARS.

>> UNFORTUNATELY, SO.

BUT PERHAPS IF MORE PEOPLE HAD A

CHANCE TO READ STORIES LIKE THE

ONES YOU DID ABOUT VIETNAM, IT

MIGHT GIVE AT LEAST SOME PEOPLE

SOME PAUSE.

THANK YOU AGAIN SO MUCH.

>> THANK YOU.

>>> UNITED NATIONS, FORMED IN

THE WAKE OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR

W STRIVES TO PROTECT HUMAN

RIGHTS AND REDUCE POVERTY AROUND

THE WORLD.

NEW YORK IS THE HOME TO THE U.N.

BUT THE YEARLY INFLUX OF

DIPLOMATS AND HEADS OF STATE AND

THE INCREASED SECURITY AND

TRAFFIC CONCERNS CAUSE MANY NEW

YORKERS TO QUESTION WHY IS THE

UNITED NATIONS HERE.

WHEN MOST NEW YORKERS HEAR THAT

THE U.N. IS IN SESSION, A

GENERAL GROAN FOLLOWS.

PENNY ABEYWARDENA MAKES THE CASE

THAT THE U.N. ENRICHES OUR

METROPOLIS AND IS WORTH THE

OCCASIONAL INCONVENIENCE.

THE COMMISSIONER GAVE US AN

INSIDERS TOUR OF THIS

INTERNATIONAL UNIQUELY NEW YORK

INSTITUTION.

>> HI, EVERYONE.

I'M PENNY ABEYWARDENA, NEW YORK

CITY'S COMMISSIONER FOR

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS.

TODAY WE'RE HERE ON THE UNITED

NATIONS CAMPUS FOR A BEHIND THE

SCENES LOOK AT WHAT MAKES THE

UNITED NATIONS A PRETTY

SPECTACULAR PLACE HERE IN NEW

YORK CITY.

ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I WANT

NEW YORKERS TO UNDERSTAND IS

THAT THE U.N. ISN'T THE OTHER.

THE U.N. IS VERY MUCH A PART OF

NEW YORK CITY.

SO WHILE YOU LOOK AT THE

DIPLOMATS, YOU THINK THEY'RE

VISITORS HERE FOR A SHORT PERIOD

OF TIME.

ACTUALLY THE U.N. IS LARGELY NEW

YORKERS WHO HAVE BEEN HERE FOR

FIVE, TEN, 20, 30 YEARS LIVING

AND WORKING IN OUR COMMUNITY BUT

PARTICIPATING IN THIS GLOBAL

CONVERSATION AND WE CAN UNIQUELY

OFFER THAT TO NEW YORKERS BY

BEING ABLE TO HOST THE U.N. IN

NEW YORK CITY.

EVERYBODY THAT WORKS AT THE U.

N. AS WELL AS GUEST TO THE

UCHLTS N. AND VISITORS FROM

AROUND THE WORLD, THIS IS PRETTY

MUCH THE FIRST THING THEY SEE.

THIS WAS CREATED AFTER JOHN

LENNON'S DEATH.

THIS IS THE ORIGINAL.

THERE ARE ABOUT 17 OTHER

REPLICAS AROUND THE WORLD.

WHILE THERE ARE MANY THINGS

ICONIC TO THE UNITED NATIONS,

FOR ME PERSONALLY, THIS IS WHAT

I THINK ABOUT WHEN I THINK ABOUT

WHAT THE U.N. MEANS TO THE

WORLD.

SO THIS IS THE FAMOUS FOR ALL OF

THE RIGHT REASONS, THE GORGEOUS

ROSE GARDEN.

THERE ARE OVER 1500 ROSIES HERE.

AND ELEANOR ROOSEVELT HELPEDs

CONCEIVE OF THIS IDEA.

ELEANOR WAS ONE OF THE KEY WOMEN

IN BOTH WOMEN'S RIGHTS,

INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS, A

LEADER AT THE UNITED NATIONS AND

A PROUD NEW YORKER.

WE HAVE THOUSANDS OF NEW YORKERS

WORKING HERE AT THE UNITED

NATIONS AND THIS IS QUITE THE

REFUGE THAT THEY GET TO SOME

SIT, THINK AND BRAINSTORM

TOGETHER IN THIS BEAUTIFUL

SPACE.

WELCOME TO THE TOP OF THE UNITED

NATIONS.

YOU CAN SEE AND FEEL PRETTY MUCH

EVERY BOROUGH ON A CLEAR DAY

SOON AFTER THE QUITE NATION DS

DECIDED THAT THEY WERE GOING TO

MO MOVE TO THE EAST COAST,

NELSON ROCKEFELLER HEARD THAT

THE U.N. WAS SERIOUSLY

CONSIDERING PHILADELPHIA.

HE WENT TO TALK TO HIS DAD AND

ENCOURAGED HIM TO BUY THIS PIECE

OF LAND, $8 MILLION BACK IN

1946, AND HE GIFTED THIS TO THE

UNITED NATIONS AND AT THAT POINT

NEW YORK CITY WON THE U.N. WHICH

IS SOMETHING WE'RE STILL VERY

PROUD OF.

SO THIS IS THE UNITED NATIONS

GENERAL ASSEMBLY.

THIS WAS RENOVATED IN THE LAST

COUPLE OF YEARS AS YOU CAN SEE.

THERE IS A BRIGHTNESS AND

FRESHNESS TO THIS SPACE.

THIS IS WHERE ALL 193 COUNTRIES

ARE ALLOCATED TO THE SEATS IN

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.

THERE ARE THREE CHAIRS FOR EACH

COUNTRY HERE AT THE TABLE WITH

THREE OBSERVER CHAIRS BEHIND

THEM.

THROUGHOUT THE YEAR THIS

BEAUTIFUL SPACE IS OPEN AND USED

BY CIVIL SOCIETY AND I HAVE

PERSONALLY HAD THE PLEASURE OF

SEEING YOUNG PEOPLE COME TO THIS

PODIUM, NEW YORKERS, YOUNG NEW

YORKERS.

WE HAVE CREATED AN OFFICE AND AN

INFRASTRUCTURE THAT SUPPORTS THE

DIPLOMATIC COMMUNITY BUT

ACTIVELY SUPPORTS NEW YORKERS.

AND THAT WHAT THIS OFFICE DOES

IS CONSTANTLY BRINGING TOGETHER

THE NEW YORKNESS OF THE U.N.

BRINGING THE U.N. TO OUR NEW

YORK CITY COMMUNITY BUT ALSO

BRINGING NEW Y IING NEW YORKERS

U.N.

>>> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS

PROVIDED BY --

>>> CORPORATE FUNDING FOR

"METROFOCUS" WAS PROVIDED BY

MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY PSE&G, SERVING CUSTOMERS,

STRENGTHENING THE BUSINESS

COMMUNITY AND INVESTING IN THE

FUTURE.