MetroFocus

FULL EPISODE

MetroFocus: October 20, 2015

In the first of a two-part interview, Former New Jersey Gov. Jim McGreevey discusses prison reform. Also, Cynthia Lopez of the Mayor's Office of Media and Entertainment gives her last interview as commissioner. Plus, we hear about the lesser-known history of Broadway Street and give you a tour of a New York island you may have never noticed.

AIRED: October 19, 2015 | 0:26:46
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

>>> TONIGHT ON "METROFOCUS,"

FORMER NEW JERSEY GOVERNOR JIM

McGREEVEY OPENS UP AFTER LIFE

ABOUT POLITICS, PRISON REFORM

AND HOW FAITH HAS CARRIED HIM

THROUGH THE MOST DIFFICULT

TIMES.

THEY'RE CALLING NEW YORK CITY

AND LONG ISLAND HOLLYWOOD ON THE

HUDSON AS THE FILM AND

TELEVISION INDUSTRY FINDS BIG

LOCATIONS HERE IN THE BIG APPLE.

AHEAD, AN EXCLUSIVE WITH THE

WOMAN WHO HAS BEEN THE DRIVING

FORCE IN BRINGING THE BRIGHT

LIGHTS TO THE BIG CITY.

THEY ALL KNOW THE LULLABY OF

BROADWAY, BUT WHAT DO YOU REALLY

KNOW ABOUT THE GREAT WHITE WAY?

IT'S A FASCINATING LOOK AT ONE

OF NEW YORK'S MOST FAMOUS

STREETS, AND A PLACE YOU MAY

HAVE SEEN AND WONDERED ABOUT,

BUT HAVE NEVER VISITED.

NORTH BROTHER ISLAND IS JUST A

STONE'S THROW AWAY FROM THE CITY

AND WE'LL TAKE YOU THERE.

"METRO FOCUS" STARTS RIGHT NOW.

♪♪

♪♪

♪♪

>>> THIS IS "METROFOCUS" WITH

RAFAEL PI ROMAN, JACK FORD AND

JENNA FLANNIGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS

PROVIDED BY --

♪♪

♪♪

>> SO YOU LOOK AT THE PRISON

POPULATION IN OUR COUNTRY AND

THE STATISTICS ARE STAGGERING.

ACROSS THE COUNTRY,

INCARCERATION RATES HAVE BEEN ON

THE RISE FOR THE PAST 30 YEARS.

IN 2014, THE NUMBER OF INMATES

AND FEDERAL PRISONS WAS 214,149,

THAT'S AN INCREASE OF OVER 5,000

INMATES IN JUST FIVE YEARS.

HERE LOCALLY, NEW JERSEY ALONE

HAS APPROXIMATELY 15,000

DETAINEES AND THE STATE SYSTEMS

AND AN ADDITIONAL 2,740 COUNTY

PRISONERS AND PRIVATELY OWNED

AND OPERATED AND RESIDENTIAL

CENTERS.

CURRENTLY, ACCORDING TO THE

BUREAU OF STATISTICS, ON A

FEDERAL LEVEL, 70.7% OF

RE-RELEASED PRISONERS ARE

ARRESTED AND 49.6 OF THOSE ARE

RECONVICTED AND 27.3% OF THEM

ARE REIMPRISONED AFTER ONLY

THREE YEARS.

IT'S BEHIND THESE PRISON WALLS

WHERE FORMER NEW JERSEY GOVERNOR

JIM McGREEVEY HAS FOUND A NEW

CALLING.

11 YEARS AFTER THE RESIGNATION

OF THE TOP OFFICE, GOVERNOR

McGREEVEY AN EPISCOPAL

SEMINARIAN CAN BE FOUND SPENDING

TIME IN PRISONS, COUNSELING THEM

AND PREPARING THEM FOR WHEN THEY

LEAVE JAIL.

THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE.

GOOD TO SEE YOU.

>> LIKEWISE, GOOD TO BE WITH

YOU.

>> WHAT TOOK YOU -- AND I KNOW

YOUR FAITH HAS ALWAYS BEEN

IMPORTANT TO YOU, WHAT TOOK YOU

FROM THE WORLD OF POLITICS WHERE

YOU WERE IMMERSED IN FOR

YEARS --

>> RECOVERING.

>> RECOVERING LAWYER, AS A

MATTER OF FACT.

RECOVERING POLITICIAN.

WE HAVE A CERTAIN SYMMETRY TO

IT.

WHAT GOT YOU THERE?

>> I WAS IN SEMINARY, AND THE

DEAN OF THE SEMINARY SUGGESTED

THAT I GO UP TO PRISON RANCH UP

IN HARLEM.

JACK, I WENT UP THERE THINKING

TO MYSELF, WELL, YOU KNOW, AT

THE TIME I WAS STILL WITH THE

EMBARRASSMENT OF LEAVING AND THE

RESIGNATION AND THE

CIRCUMSTANCES, BUT I THOUGHT TO

MYSELF, THESE GUYS CAN'T LOOK

DOWN ON ME.

THEY'VE COMMITTED ALL SORTS OF

HORRIBLE CRIMES.

I MEAN, I'M GOING TO BE THE

MORAL ASCENDANCY, AND I WENT UP

THERE AND SPENT SOME TIME IN

FIELD EDUCATION AND THESE ARE

GUYS WHO WOULD COME OUT OF SING

SING.

THESE ARE GUYS WHO HAD COMMITTED

SOME OF THE WORST CRIMES THAT

WERE TRYING TO RECLAIM THEIR

LIVES AND SHOULDER TO SHOULDER,

WHETHER IT'S HAVING PANCAKES IN

THE MORNING OR HOT DOGS, I

REALIZED THAT MANY OF THEM

WANTED THE SAME THINGS I WANTED

IN LIFE.

THEY WANTED A HOME.

THEY WANTED TO DO BETTER FOR

THEIR CHILDREN.

THEY WANTED TO DO SOMETHING

VALUABLE FOR THE COMMUNITY, AND

THEY HAD MADE SOME BAD

DECISIONS.

I WOULD ALSO ADD, THEY DIDN'T

START FROM THE SAME PLACE I

STARTED THE RACE OF LIFE.

THEY STARTED IN VERY DIFFERENT

CIRCUMSTANCES, AND I JUST -- I

THINK SORT OF SURVIVING OR

WRESTLING WITH MY OWN DEMONS AND

THE IMPORTANCE OF SECOND CHANCES

AND THE IMPORTANCE OF TRYING TO

DO THE RIGHT THING.

WHAT I FOUND IS IT WAS SO MUCH

MORE DIFFICULT FOR THESE MEN

COMING OUT OF STATE PRISON.

>> I WANT TO TALK TO YOU IN JUST

A MOMENT ABOUT THE SPECIFICS

THAT YOU'RE DOING HERE, BUT

LET'S TALK ABOUT BIGGER PICTURE

QUESTIONS, WHAT IS IT ABOUT A

PRISON ENVIRONMENT WHICH

THEORETICALLY IS SUPPOSED TO BE

SO FRIGHTENING AND DISTRESSING

THAT IT WOULD MAKE PEOPLE SAY I

NEVER WANT TO GET BACK HERE

AGAIN.

WHAT IS ABOUT A PRISON

ENVIRONMENT THAT LENDS ITSELF TO

THE STATISTICS AND THESE

STAGGERING STATISTICS ABOUT

RECIDIVISM.

WHAT MAKES SOMEONE SAY I'LL DO

SOMETHING AND GO BACK AGAIN.

>> YOU ARE SO RIGHT AND

OVERWHELMINGLY, PEOPLE DON'T

WANT TO GO BACK.

WE'RE SPENDING $74 BILLION A

YEAR AND A STAGGERING AMOUNT OF

MONEY AND YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT

INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS AND

EDUCATION NEEDS AND THE PROBLEM

IS WHAT DO WE DO IN PRISON?

BASICALLY, WE TAKE PEOPLE AND

70% OF THE PEOPLE BEHIND BARS

ARE ADDICTS AND WE TAKE PEOPLE,

AN OVERWHELMING PERCENTAGE THAT

ARE ADDICTS AND WE PUT THEM IN

POPULATIONS WITH SOME OF THE

WORST HUMAN BEINGS ON GOD'S

EARTH HAVE A PREEMINENT POSITION

BECAUSE OF THEIR POSITION IN

GANGS.

THEIR POSITION IN DEALING WITH

CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS, AND SO

THAT IF WE REALLY WERE SERIOUS

ABOUT CHANGING LIVES, WE'D BE

FOCUSING ON BEHAVIOR, CHANGING

THE BEHAVIOR OF THE CHAOS OF THE

STREETS TO RATIONAL, CONSISTENT

BEHAVIOR THAT EMPHASIZED THE

IMPORTANCE OF SOBRIETY AND THE

IMPORTANCE OF WORK, THE

IMPORTANCE OF HONESTY, BUT WHAT

DO WE DO?

WE TAKE FIRST-TIME, SECOND-TIME

DRUG OFFENDERS AND WE PUT THEM

IN HELL AND THEN WE HAVE THEM

THERE FOR AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF

TIME WHERE THEY'RE LEARNING ALL

OF THE WORST LESSONS, AND I

MEAN, YOU CAN -- PROFESSORS AT

NYU AND COLUMBIA, MICHIGAN WHO

WILL ATTEST TO THIS AND THEN

THEY COME OUT AND THERE'S NO

HOUSING.

THERE'S NO JOB, AND THERE'S NO

CONTINUED ADDICTION TREATMENT.

I'VE HAD SO MANY GUYS SAY TO ME,

JIM, I'LL GIVE FOUR PROGRAM 45

DAYS TO WORK AND IF IT DOESN'T

WORK I'M BACK RUNNING, GUNNING

AND DOPING BECAUSE AT THE END OF

THE NIGHT I NEED TO PUT MY HEAD

DOWN ON A BED, AND I NEED TO

SURVIVE.

SO I WOULD MAKE WHAT I THINK IS

AN INCREDIBLY SIMPLE ARGUMENT

THAT THE SYSTEM IS IRREVOCABLY

DESIGNED TO FAIL BECAUSE WE'RE

TAKING PEOPLE, PARTICULARLY

THOSE ADDICTED PERSONS AND

PUTTING THEM IN A BEHAVIOR WITH

PEOPLE WHOSE BEHAVIOR IS NOT

ONLY ONEROUS OR HEINOUS AND AT

THE TIME OF RELEASE NOT GIVING

ANYONE TOOLS FOR RELEASE, SO

PEOPLE REVERT BACK TO THE

BEHAVIOR THAT THEY ENGAGED IN

BEFORE PRISON AND JACK, IT'S

STUPID.

>> TO PEOPLE WHO ARE WATCHING

AND LISTENING TO OUR

CONVERSATION HERE NOW AND

THEY'LL SAY, YOU KNOW WHAT?

I APPRECIATE WHAT GOVERNOR

McGREEVEY IS DOING AND HIS HEART

IS IN THE RIGHT PLACE.

THEY WENT TO PRISON BECAUSE THEY

BROKE THE LAW AND THEY'RE THERE

TO BE PUNISHED AND NOT FOR MY

TAX DOLLARS TO HELP THEM WITH AN

EDUCATION AND THEY'RE THERE TO

BE PUNISHED AND GET THE MESSAGE

ACROSS.

HOW DO YOU RESPOND TO THAT?

WHAT I WOULD ARGUE IS FROM A

FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVE.

THIS 1% OF THE POPULATION IS

HAVING SUCH A DELETERIOUS IMPACT

ON THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY AND SO

IF THEY DON'T GET THESE PEOPLE

RIGHT AND THEY GO BACK OUT AND

YOU CITED THE RECIDIVISM

NUMBERS, THEY'RE GOING GO BACK

AND DESTRUCTION OF CRIMINAL

PROPERTY AND PERSONAL PROPERTY

AND THE COST OF INCARCERATION AT

$74 BILLION A YEAR ANNUALLY FOR

ALL PRISONS AND $45,000 PER

PERSON AND THERE IS A HUGE,

FINANCIAL COST FOR NOT GETTING

THESE PEOPLE RIGHT, AND I WOULD

ARGUE THE MORAL AND THE

BEHAVIORAL ARGUMENT IS TO TAKE

SOMEBODY WHO IS IN THE MIDST OF

WHETHER IT WAS AN URBAN AND NOW

INCREASINGLY A SUBURBAN DRUG

CULTURE BECAUSE OF OPIATE

ADDICTION AND DOPE AND NOT TREAT

THEM IS TO IGNORE THE REALITY

THAT ADDICTION IS PROFOUNDLY A

DISEASE AND IF PEOPLE WOULD

COURSE THEIR WAY IN PRISON AND

THEY DID A STUDY AT COLUMBIA

UNIVERSITY AND ONLY 11% OF

ADDICTS IN PRISON RECEIVE

TREATMENT.

SO 07% OF THE PEOPLE IN PRISON

ARE ADDICTS AND ONLY 11% OF

THOSE 70 GET TREATMENT AND THAT

MEANS 89% OF THE ADDICTS WHO ARE

IN THE PRISON'S WALLS ARE

ENGAGING IN THE WORST BEHAVIOR

BECAUSE OF THE CULTURE OF PRISON

AND NOT BEING TREATED FOR THE

SYSTEMIC CAUSE OF THE CRIMINAL

BEHAVIOR AND NOT ADDRESSING

THEIR ADDICTION.

SO THAT'S NUTS.

R BECAUSE THEY'RE GOING TO GO

BACK, JACK, AND REVERT TO THE

SAME BEHAVIOR BECAUSE WE

CLINICALLY ADDRESSED WITH BEST

PRACTICES AND MEDICALLY ASSISTED

TREATMENT AND WHETHER IT'S AA OR

NA OUT IN THE COMMUNITY AND

WHETHER IT'S JOB TRAINING OR

SOBER HOUSING OUR NUMBERS IN

JERSEY CITY, --

>> THERE IS A PROGRAM IN JERSEY

CITY AND BASICALLY THE PROGRAM

IS WHAT ARE YOU DOING THERE AND

IS IT WORKING?

>> IT ISN'T A DEMOCRATIC ISSUE.

I'VE SAT NEXT TO SO MANY MOTHERS

WHOSE SONS AND DAUGHTERS HAVE

DIED OF OVERDOSE, FRANKLY, JACK,

THEY COULD GIVE A DAMN WHETHER

SOMEONE IS A REPUBLICAN OR

DEMOCRAT AND WHAT THEY WANTED TO

DO IN THE LAST WEEK WAS TO GET

THEIR KID INTO A TREATMENT

FACILITY AND WHAT THEY DON'T

UNDERSTAND IS THAT THEY DIDN'T

RAISE THEIR KID RIGHT AND HE OR

SHE WENT A SKEW AND IN A YEAR'S

TIME OR TWO YEARS' TIME THEIR

SON OR DAUGHTER IS NOW DECEASED

AND SO I BELIEVE -- AND I WANT

TO GIVE CREDIT TO THE GOVERNOR

BECAUSE GOVERNOR CHRISTIE SAID

JIM, YOU AND I AGREE ONLY ON ONE

ISSUE, AND I SAID THAT'S ENOUGH,

AND THAT IS TREATMENT HAS TO BE

THE PREFERRED DEFAULT AS OPPOSED

TO INCARCERATION, AND WHAT WE'VE

DONE IN JERSEY CITY WITH THE

LEADERSHIP OF MAYOR FULLER AND

AGAIN, ON A BIPARTISAN BASIS

THAT WE HAVE DRUG TREATMENT

BEHIND BARS AND THEN WHEN PEOPLE

COME OUT FROM BEHIND JAIL THEY

CONTINUE AN INTENSIVE OUTPATIENT

TREATMENT IN THE COMMUNITY AND

SOBER HOUSING, THE URINE IS

TESTED AND THEY'RE MONITORED

FROM 8:30 IN THE MORNING UNTIL

NIGHT AND EVERYBODY EITHER WORKS

OR GOES TO SCHOOL.

SO I SAY TO ALL OF MY REPUBLICAN

FRIENDS, MY DAD WAS A MARINE

CORPS DRILL INSTRUCTOR, YOU

SHOULD LOVE THIS PROGRAM.

IT'S REGIMENTED AND CONSISTENT

AND IT'S CONSTANT AND MONITORING

AND ACCORDING TO THE UNITED

STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

THEY'VE SAID THAT WE'RE ONE OF

SEVEN MODEL PROGRAMS AND THAT

THE RECIDIVISM RATE IS 32%.

SO YOU LOOK AT THE NATIONAL NORM

OF 68% AND YOU COMPARE OUR

AVERAGE WHICH IS 22% AND THAT'S

BECAUSE WE'RE GIVING ADDICTION

TREATMENT, SOBER, STRUCTURED

HOUSING AND WE'RE TESTING --

PEOPLE ARE GOING TO WORK.

PEOPLE ARE GOING TO SCHOOL WHERE

WE'RE GIVING THEM THEIR

HEALTHCARE THROUGH THE

AFFORDABLE CARE ACT AND ALSO

WE'RE HELPING TO ADDRESS SOME OF

THEIR OWN LEGAL CHALLENGES SO IT

CAN BE DONE.

IT'S MESSY AND YOU HAVE TO DEAL

WITH PEOPLE ONE TO ONE.

YOU HAVE TO DEAL WITH WARRANTS

THAT HAVE EXISTED TEN MONTHS AGO

OR TEN YEARS AGO, BUT IT CAN BE

DONE, BUT DOING WHAT WE DO, WHEN

YOU HAVE A 22% RECIDIVISM RATE,

AND I'VE SEEN PEOPLE, WOMEN WITH

18 FELONIES ON THEIR JACKETS AND

THEY'VE GOT THEIR OWN APARTMENT

NOW AND THEY'VE GOT THEIR OWN

CAR AND WORKING.

IT'S MORE WORK, IT'S LESS MONEY,

BUT IT'S SO MUCH BETTER FOR

SOCIETY THAN FRANKLY, JUST

SHIPPING THEM BACK TO A JAIL

BEHIND THE HIGH CONCRETE WALL

WHERE THEIR BEHAVIOR IS ONLY

GOING TO WORSEN AND THE

PROBABILITY THAT THEY'LL ENGAGE

ON CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR UPON

RELEASE.

>> IT SOUNDS LIKE THE GOOD NEWS

IS AT LEAST SOCIETY'S STARTING

TO RECOGNIZE US AND DO

SOMETHING.

GOVERNOR, ALWAYS GOOD TO TALK

WITH YOU.

YOU AND I HAVE GOOD THINGS TO

TALK ABOUT.

>> FORTUNATELY FOR US, GOVERNOR

McGREEVEY WILL JOIN US TOMORROW

TO CONTINUE OUR CONVERSATION.

>>> IF YOU LIVE IN NEW YORK CITY

CHANCES ARE YOU'VE SEEN THE

LIGHT, THE CAMERAS AND THE

ACTION OF LOCAL FILM AND

TELEVISION PRODUCTIONS RIGHT IN

YOUR OWN BACKYARD.

BUT THE CITY'S ICONIC CITY

SCAPES AND LASTING LEGACY ON THE

BIG SCREEN AREN'T THE ONLY

THINGS LURING FILMMAKERS TO THE

BIG APPLE.

IT ALSO MAKES ECONOMIC SENSE.

SINCE 2004 THE NEW YORK TAX

CREDIT PROGRAM HAS PROVIDED AN

ANNUAL $420 MILLION IN TAX

CREDITS TO MOVIES AND TV SHOWS

FILMED IN THE STATE.

HERE IN THE FIVE BOROUGHS, IT'S

MAKING THE CITY AN ATTRACTIVE

PLACE TO FILM.

CYNTHIA, FROM THE GOVERNOR'S

OFFICE OF MEDIA AND ENTERTAINING

IS LEAVING HER POST IN THE NEXT

MONTH.

HERE, I ASKED HER ABOUT THE

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TV AND FILM

ON THE CITY.

>> THE PRODUCTION INDUSTRY, THE

MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY

CONTRIBUTE $7.1 BILLION TO THE

CITY'S ECONOMY.

BASICALLY, THERE ARE ABOUT

130,000 JOBS THAT ARE CREATED AS

PART OF THIS INDUSTRY.

>> THOSE ARE MIDDLE-CLASS JOB,

RIGHT?

>> ABSOLUTELY.

THEY'RE MIDDLE-CLASS POSITIONS

ON PRODUCTIONS THROUGHOUT AND

THEY SUSTAIN FAMILIES AND OFTEN

I SAY WHEN YOU SEE A MADE IN NEW

YORK TRUCK ON THE STREET THINK

ABOUT THE 130,000 PEOPLE THAT

THIS INDUSTRY EMPLOYS.

>> AND PRODUCTION KEEPS GROWING

IN NEW YORK CITY, IT SEEMS.

I WAS IN THE INDUSTRY 20 YEARS

AGO, AND IT WAS NOTHING LIKE

THIS.

WHAT IS FUELING THE GROWTH OF

PRODUCTION IN NEW YORK CITY?

>> WILL, JUST TO TALK A LITTLE

ABOUT WHERE THE GROWTH IS.

WHAT WE SEE FROM THE MAYOR'S

OFFICE OF MEDIA AND

ENTERTAINMENT IS THE

PROLIFERATION SPECIFICALLY IN

TELEVISION.

IN 2013 THERE WERE 29 EPISODIC

SERIES SHOOTING IN NEW YORK.

IN 2014-15, 46 PRIMETIME

EPISODIC SERIES SHOOTING IN NEW

YORK.

WE SEE THAT WITH DIGITAL

DISTRIBUTION THERE IS AN

INCREASE IN CONTENT DEMAND AND

AS A CONSEQUENCE WHEN YOU LOOK

AT WHAT NETFLIX IS DOING AND

HULU AND AMAZON WITH THEIR

ORIGINAL PROGRAMMING YOU SEE

THAT NEW YORK CITY IS A PLACE

THAT IS BENEFITING FROM THE

PRODUCTION THAT IS NEEDED TO

FUEL THE CONTENT, THE ORIGINAL

CONTENT DEMANDS THAT THE

INDUSTRY HAS.

>> THE INFRASTRUCTURE FOR

PRODUCTION IS GROWING, TOO.

STUDIOS ARE NOW BEING BUILT IN

THE BRONX AND SOME IN STATEN

ISLAND, RIGHT?

>> EXACTLY.

WE HAVE SEEN AN EXPANSION IN A

VARIETY OF STUDIOS.

IN THE BRONX, SILVER CUP STUDIO

NORTH IS EXPANDING AND YORK

STUDIOS IS CURRENTLY BEING

DEVELOPED.

>> I WANT TO GET TO THIS BECAUSE

TIME IS SHORT.

NEW YORK STATE HAS BEEN

PROVIDING $420 MILLION IN ANNUAL

TAX CREDITS TO MOVIES AND TV

SHOWS IN THE STATE.

BY ALL ACCOUNTS THAT'S A LOT OF

PRODUCTION, AND EMPLOYMENT AND

REVENUE TO THE STATE.

IS THE CITY DOING THE SAME

THING?

DOES IT HAVE SIMILAR PROGRAMS?

>> WE HAVE A VARIETY OF

EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS, MARKETING

PROGRAMS THAT SUPPLEMENT WHAT

PRODUCTIONS NEED TO COMPLETE THE

PRODUCTION.

WHEN I THINK ABOUT WHAT

PRODUCTION, THE REASONS FOR

PEOPLE COMING TO PRODUCTION

STUDIOS AND TELEVISION NETWORKS

WANTING TO SHOOT IN NEW YORK,

DEFINITELY THE TAX CREDIT IS ONE

OF THOSE REASONS, BUT THERE ARE

FOUR OTHER REASONS AND ONE IS

WHEN WE LOOK AT THE

EXTRAORDINARY TALENT THAT'S HERE

IN NEW YORK CITY AND, TWO, WHEN

WE LOOK AT THE ICONIC LOCATIONS.

IN YOUR INTRODUCTION YOU REFER

TO THEM.

THREE, INFRASTRUCTURE.

WE HAVE THE STUDIO SPACE AND WE

HAVE THE TALENT AND THE CREW

BASE, THE UNIONS THAT WORK IN

THIS INDUSTRY AS WELL AS IF YOU

LOOK AT THE MAYOR'S OFFICE OF

MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT, IT WAS

FOUNDED IN 1966, AND IT IS THE

OLDEST FILM COMMISSION IN THE

COUNTRY.

THE TEAM HAS --

>> AND EVERYBODY IMITATES IT.

WE ONLY HAVE 30 SECONDS LEFT.

QUICKLY, BESIDES REVENUE AND

JOB, ANYTHING ELSE YOU WANT TO

THE ACCOMPLISH, NON-ECONOMIC

GOAL THAT YOU WANT TO ACCOMPLISH

IN 30 SECONDS?

>> WE HAVE SEVERAL MAJOR

INITIATIVES THAT WE'RE WORKING

ON.

WE'RE WORKING IN PARTNERSHIP

WITH THE WRITERS' GUILD OF

AMERICA AND WITH THE EDITORS

GUILD OF AMERICA TO DEVELOP

PROGRAMS THAT WILL BE ANNOUNCED.

WE ALSO ARE ONE OF THE MAJOR

INITIATIVES THAT WE'VE BEEN

WORKING ON IN THE LAST YEAR IS

THE CINEMA SCHOOL.

IT'S THE FIRST PUBLIC GRADUATE

SCHOOL ON A WORKING FILM LOT IN

AT THE STUDIOS AND WE'LL BE ABLE

TO SEE THE BENEFITS OF WHAT IT'S

LIKE TO HAVE A CINEMA SCHOOL

LOCATED ON THE WORKING FILM LOT

AND SO THE MAYOR, MYSELF, THE

DEPUTY MAYOR HAS MADE SURE THAT

THERE WERE RESOURCES FOR

SCHOLARSHIPS TO ENSURE DIVERSITY

LONG TERM IN TERMS OF THE

INDUSTRY SO THAT'S ONE OF THE

THINGS WE'VE BEEN WORKING ON.

>> COMMISSIONER, THANK YOU SO

MUCH FOR JOINING US.

>> BY THE WAY, IT'S NOT JUST NEW

YORK CITY IN UPSTATE NEW YORK

THAT HAS SEEN ECONOMIC GAINS

FROM FILM PRODUCTION.

THE ENTERTAINMENT BUSINESS IS

BOOMING, AS WELL.

NASSAU COUNTY REPORTING $100

MILLION FROM TV AND FILM

PRODUCTION IN 2013.

♪♪

♪♪

>>> HERE'S A QUESTION FOR YOU,

WHAT ARE THE FLAT IRON BUILDING,

CITY HALL, UNION SQUARE AND ALL

LINCOLN CENTER ALL HAVE IN

COMMON?

THEY LINE ONE OF THE LONGEST

STREETS IN THE WORLD, A STORIED

CITY YOU'LL IN ITSELF, BROADWAY.

BEYOND THE BRIGHT LIGHTS OF

THOSE FAMOUS BUILDINGS, THERE'S

MUCH TO BE DISCOVERED ABOUT THE

GREAT WHITE WAY.

TRACING MORE THAN 13 MILES FROM

LOWER MANHATTAN, BOWLING GREEN

TO THE BRONX, A NEW STORY TELLS

THE STORY OF BROADWAY THROUGH

200 VINTAGE PHOTOGRAPHERS AND

JOINING ME NOW TO DISCUSS THE

PAST AND PRESENT OF THE ICONIC

STREET IS MICHELLE YOUNG, AUTHOR

OF BROADWAY.

SO BROADWAY'S HAD ITS HISTORY

BEGINNING IN THE TIP OF LOWER

MANHATTAN WHEN IT USED TO BE A

DUTCH COLONY, NEW AMSTERDAM, BUT

WHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL PURPOSE OF

THE STREET?

>> TO LOOK AT BROADWAY, WE HAVE

TO GO WAY BACK TO THE NATIVE

AMERICAN ERA WHEN IT WAS CALLED

THE TRAIL, AND IT RAN THE ENTIRE

LENGTH OF MANHATTAN FOLLOWING A

VERY NATURAL RIDGE OF LAND THAT

BELONGED TO THE ORIGINAL

LANDSCAPE OF MANHATTAN AND

SOMETHING WE DON'T THINK ABOUT

TODAY AND THEN LATER UNDER THE

DUTCH IT WAS ONE OF THE TWO MAIN

STREETS OF THAT SETTLEMENT AND

AT THAT TIME IT WAS CALLED THE

GENTLEMAN STREETS AND IT WAS

ALSO KNOWN AS -- WHICH

TRANSLATES VERY DIRECTLY TO

BROADWAY OR BROAD ROAD.

>> SO THAT'S HOW IT GOT ITS NAME

OF BROADWAY.

>> EXACTLY.

WHEN YOU LOOK AT OLD MAPS IT

WILL SAY BROAD WAY IN TWO WORDS

AND EVENTUALLY IT WAS COMBINED.

>> THERE ARE ICONIC BUILDINGS

THAT LINE BROADWAY UP AND DOWN,

SOME HAVE COME AND SOME HAVE

GONE.

WHAT ARE SOME OF THE ONES THAT

HAVE STOOD THE TEST OF TIME AND

WHAT CAN WE NO LONGER SEE IN NEW

YORK?

>> ONE THING THAT I NOTED WHEN

RESEARCHING FOR THIS BOOK IS THE

LANDMARK LAW THAT WAS 60 YEARS

AGO AND STRIKING IMPORTANT

BUILDINGS THAT HAVE BEEN SAVED

TODAY OR LOST IN THE RAPID

DEVELOPMENT OF NEW YORK CITY.

AND THEY INCLUDE THE ORIGINAL TO

MADISON SQUARE GARDENS AND THE

SINGER BUILDING WHICH IS ONCE

THE TALLEST BUILDING IN NEW YORK

CITY AND THE TALLEST WOULD

ABOUTING TO EVER COME DOWN AND

AS WELL AS THE AMAZING TIP OF

CITY HALL WHICH WAS THE ORIGINAL

POST OFFICE AND IT WAS THE

LARGEST POST OFFICE IN THE WORLD

WHEN IT WAS BUILT AND IT WAS

UNIVERSALLY HATED, BUT I

THINK -- I THINK TODAY IF YOU

WERE TO SEE PHOTOS OF IT WE

WOULD ALL AGREE THAT THE

ARCHITECT AND PEOPLE DISLIKED

HIS PERSONALITY AND THE BUILDING

HAD MULLETS, AND I THINK TODAY

IT'S A REMINDER HOW PUBLIC

OPINION CAN SWAY PRESERVATION I

THINK EVEN TODAY.

>> IT'S ALSO NICE TO KNOW THAT

NEW YORKERS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN NEW

YORKERS.

SO A LOT OF THE BOOK'S MATERIAL

THAT YOU HAVE ACTUALLY CAME FROM

A BLOG THAT YOU HAD CALLED

UNTAPPED CITIES.

CAN YOU TELL US ABOUT THE BLOG

THAT YOU'VE BEEN WRITING?

>> YES.

SO I FOUNDED IT AS A WAY TO HELP

MYSELF AND OTHER NEW YORKERS

REALLY DISCOVER THE CITIES THAT

THEY LIVE IN OR THE CITIES THAT

THEY WERE BORN IN WHEN WE GO

FROM A TO B IN OUR DAILY ROUTINE

FROM HOME TO WORK WE REALLY MISS

A LOT OF WHAT NEW YORK HAS TO

OFFER AND JUST BY VARYING YOUR

PATH SLIGHTLY, NEW YORK IS A

PLACE WHERE YOU CAN REALLY COME

ACROSS SOMETHING VERY MIRACULOUS

BY ACCIDENT.

THE IDEA OF THE WEBSITE IS ABOUT

THIS URBAN REDISCOVERY AND

SEEING THE CITY IN A NEW WAY

WHETHER IT'S THROUGH HISTORY OR

SOMETHING QUIRKY THAT A RESIDENT

IS DOING AND SO WE WERE LOOKING

AT THE HISTORY OF BROADWAY AND

ALSO AT BROADWAY'S ARCHITECTURE

IN A SERIES CALLED "DON'T FORGET

TO LOOK UP."

WHAT WOULD YOU MISS WITH YOUR

HEADS DOWN WALKING THE LENGTH OF

BROADWAY, SO THIS IS KIND OF

WHERE THE IMPETUS BEGAN FOR THIS

BOOK WHICH WE TRACE THE LENGTH

OF BROADWAY IN THE PHOTOGRAPHS.

>> THAT'S IRONIC CONSIDERING THE

DIGITAL AGE THAT WE LIVE IN NOW.

THANK YOU SO MUCH, MICHELLE

YOUNG, AND IF YOU'RE LOOKING FOR

MORE UNDISCOVERED STORIES FROM

BROADWAY, CHECK OUT

METROFOCUS.ORG FOR AN EXCERPT

FROM THE BOOK.

YOU CAN ALSO SHARE YOUR OWN

BROADWAY PHOTOS ON OUR FACEBOOK

PAGE AND WE MAY SHARE SOME OF

THEM ON THE NEXT BROADCAST.

♪♪

♪♪

FINALLY TONIGHT, IF YOU THINK

EVERY SQUARE INCH OF NEW YORK IS

OCCUPIED, WELL, WE HAVE NEWS FOR

YOU.

THERE IS AN UNINHABITED ISLAND

IN THE EAST RIVER.

PHOTOGRAPHER CHRISTOPHER PAYNE

GOT A LOOK FROM THE PARKS

DEPARTMENT, AND THE STORY BECAME

PAYNE'S BOOK OF PHOTOGRAPHS,

NORTH BROTHER ISLAND, THE LAST,

UNKNOWN PLACE IN NEW YORK CITY.

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>> THERE'S REALLY NOTHING LIKE

NORTH BROTHER ISLAND IN NEW YORK

CITY, IT'S A SECRET HIDING IN

PLAIN SIGHT.

IT'S AN UNINHABITED ISLAND, THE

LAST THING THAT YOU WOULD EXPECT

TO SEE.

NORTH BROTHER ISLAND HAS NOT

BEEN INHABITED SINCE 1963, FOR

OVER 50 YEARS, THERE ARE 25 OR

26 STRUCTURES IN VARIOUS STATES

OF DECAY AND FOR MUCH OF THE

YEAR THE ISLAND IS COMPLETELY

OVERGROWN BY VEGETATION.

IN 2008 I SUBMITTED A PROPOSAL

THAT I WOULD DOCUMENT ALL OF THE

BUILDINGS, CREATE KIND OF AN

ARCHIVAL RECORD AND IN RETURN

FOR THIS BODY OF WORK I WAS

ALLOWED FREE ACCESS.

WHEN YOU FIRST STEP ON THE

ISLAND YOU REALIZE THAT YOU ARE

COMPLETELY ALONE.

IT'S ACTUALLY A VERY TRANSFORM

TIFF EXPERIENCE BECAUSE ONE

MINUTE YOU'RE IN THE CITY.

YOU'RE AMONGST PEOPLE, YOU HEAR

THE SIGHTS AND THE SOUNDS OF THE

CITY AND THEN YOU GET ON A BOAT

AND JUST BEING ON THE WATER,

BEING IN A SMALL ROWBOAT IS A

VERY TRANSFORMATIVE, MEDITATIVE

EXPERIENCE, AND YOU SEE THIS

ISLAND GETTING CLOSER AND

CLOSER, AND IT BECOMES LESS AND

LESS OF A MIRAGE AND IT BEGINS

TO BECOME MORE REAL AND SUDDENLY

YOU'RE ON IT, AND YOU'RE

SURROUNDED BY ALL OF THESE

ABANDONED BUILDINGS AND YOU WALK

A FEW FEET AND YOU COME INSIDE A

FOREST OF TREES, A WONDERFUL

CANOPY OF TREES AND YOU SEE

THESE ANCIENT BUILDINGS KIND OF

FALLING IN ON EACH OTHER.

THIS LANDSCAPE HAS GROWN UP AND

IT'S LUSH AND OVERGROWN AND IT'S

LIKE A JUNGLE AND YOU BEGIN TO

WONDER ABOUT WHAT THIS PLACE WAS

LIKE.

FROM THE 1880s UNTIL THE 1960s,

1963 THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE CALLED

THIS PLACE HOME, AND IT WENT FOR

MANY USEES AND IT WAS USED

PRIMARILY AS A QUARANTINE

HOSPITAL FROM THE 1780s UP UNTIL

WORLD WAR II AND IT BECAME A

HOUSING FOR G.I.s AND THEIR

FAMILIES AND FROM THE 1950s TO

1963 IT WAS A DRUG TREATMENT

CENTER FOR JUVENILE DELINQUENTS.

WHEN THEY WALKED AWAY FROM IT

THEY LITERALLY TURNED OFF THE

LIGHTS AND SHUT OFF THE POWER

PROBABLY THINKING THAT THEY

WOULD USE IT AGAIN LIKE THEY HAD

SO MANY OTHER TIMES.

IN MY RESEARCH I FOUND ALL OF

THESE HISTORIC PHOTOS AND THEY

SHOWED A TIDY CAMPUS WITH

SIDEWALKS AND MANICURED LAWNS

AND OVER TIME I BEGAN TO FIND

THE PLACES AND YOU BEGIN TO

NOTICE THE STREETLAMPS AND FIRE

HYDRANTS POKING IN THROUGH THE

I'VY AND IF YOU DRUG AROUND

THROUGH YOUR FOOT AND YOU PEEL

AWAY THE IVY AND THE DIRT AND

RIGHT BENEATH YOUR FEET WAS A

ROAD.

THIS WHOLE FOREST THAT WAS SO

ENCHANTING WAS ACTUALLY BUILT ON

JUST A FEW INCHES OF DIRT.

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>> IT'S NOT A PLACE WHERE YOU

WANT TO RUN AROUND AND TAKE A

MILLION SNAPSHOTS.

IT'S THE KIND OF PLACE YOU WALK

AROUND AND THINK AND RETURN TO

OVER MANY SEASONS.

I WOULD SEE SOMETHING ONE SEASON

AND THINK ABOUT IT FOR THE

ENTIRE YEAR AND RETURN THE NEXT

SEASON AND TAKE THAT SHOT, AND

SO A LOT OF THE WORK GOES ON IN

YOUR HEAD MONTHS BEFORE YOU EVEN

TAKE THAT SHEET OF FILM.

IT IS AS IT IS, AND I HOPE IT

WILL REMAIN THAT, AND IT'S JUST

NICE TO KNOW THAT IN A CITY

WHERE EVERYTHING IS ALWAYS

CHANGING, NORTH BROTHER ISLAND

IS KIND OF MOVING ALONG AT ITS

OWN PACE, ITS OWN NATURAL PACE

AND REVERTING TO WHAT IT ONCE

WAS.

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>> THE ENTIRE EPISODE AND OTHER

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EXPLORE iPAD AVAILABLE ON E

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TELL US WHEN YOU THINK AND IT'S

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REMEMBER TO FOLLOW US ON

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UP-TO-THE-MINUTE INFORMATION

IMPACTING YOUR COMMUNITY.

WE'LL SEE YOU AGAIN NEXT TIME.

>>> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS

PROVIDED BY --

♪♪

♪♪

>> CORPORATE FUNDING FOR

"METROFOCUS" WAS PROVIDED BY

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RETIREMENT COMPANY AND BY --

>> IT SEEMS SIMILAR TO WHEN A

FLASHBULB GOES OFF IN YOUR EYES

AND YOU'RE JUST STUNNED.

I COULD BE THE LUCKIEST PERSON

IN THE WORLD, THE FIRST

AMBULANCE THAT CAME WAS NEW YORK

PRESBYTERIAN.

EVERYBODY AT THE HOSPITAL, DR.

STIG, HIS STAFF, THE CUTE

RESIDENT, AND LIFE IS GOOD, AND

THEY MADE IT EVEN LONGER AND

BETTER FOR ME.

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