MetroFocus

FULL EPISODE

MetroFocus: April 5, 2017

April is Child Abuse Prevention Month, tonight we shine a light on this problem and expose how wide spread it is in our area. Climate change and its effect on our local wildlife is causing concern. Food: nutritious, fresh, necessary, and hard to come by right here in the metro area. The National Dance Institute of New York offers inner city kids a chance of being creative.

AIRED: April 04, 2017 | 0:26:47
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

>>> TONIGHT ON METRO FOCUS,

THEY'RE NEW YORK'S YOUNGEST

VICTIMS AND SOME OF YOUR

NEIGHBORS AND EVEN THE

CLASSMATES OF YOUR SONS AND

DAUGHTERS.

THEY ARE TOO OFTEN LEFT HIDING

IN THE SHADOWS.

APRIL IS CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION

MONTH AND TONIGHT WE EXPOSE HOW

WIDESPREAD THIS HEART BREAKING

REALITY IS IN OUR AREA AND TELL

YOU WHAT'S BEING DONE TO PROTECT

THE INNOCENT.

THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE

CAN BE DEVASTATING IN OUR LOCAL

WILDLIFE, BUT THERE IS HOPE.

A REPORT ON THE PROBLEM AND THE

SUCCESS STORIES JUST AHEAD.

>>> FRESH NUTRITIOUS FOOD IS OF

COURSE ESSENTIAL AND SADLY HARD

TO COME BY IN SOME PARTS OF THE

METRO AREA.

THE CONTINUED FIGHT AGAINST IT.

THE NATIONAL DANCE INSTITUTE OF

NEW YORK IS OFFERING INNER CITY

KIDS FREEDOM IN A WAY YOU MAY

HAVE NEVER SEEN BEFORE.

ALL THAT AND MORE AS

"METROFOCUS" STARTS RIGHT NOW.

>> THIS IS "METROFOCUS" WITH

RAPHAEL PI ROMAN, JEFF FORD AND

JENNA FLANAGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS

PROVIDED BY

CORPORATE FUNDING FOR

"METROFOCUS" WAS PROVIDED BY

MUTUAL OF AMERICA, YOUR

RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY PSE & G, SERVING

CUSTOMERS, STRENGTHENING THE

BUSINESS COMMUNITY, AND

INVESTING IN THE FUTURE.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM IS ALSO

PROVIDED BY THE JPB FOUNDATION

AND THE FORD FOUNDATION.

>> OVER THE PAST YEAR NEW YORK

CITY'S ADMINISTRATION FOR

CHILDREN'S SERVICES, THE ACS,

HAS BEEN UNDER FIRE FOR ITS

FAILURE TO PREVENT CHILD ABUSE

FATALITIES.

AND AS THE NEW COMMISSIONER

BEGINS THE DAUNTING TASK OF

FIXING THE ACS, THE NEED SEEMS

MORE CRITICAL NOW THERE ARE MORE

THAN 250 CASES OF CHILD NEGLECT

AND ABUSE REPORTED EVERY DAY IN

NEW YORK CITY.

WELL, THE ADMINISTRATION FOR

CHILDREN'S SERVICES IS THE CHILD

PROTECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM.

SOME OF THE MOST SEVERE OF THOSE

CASES OF ABUSE ARE REFERRED TO

THE NEW YORK SOCIETY FOR THE

PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO

CHILDREN, A NONPROFIT PRIVATE

AGENCY WORKING ALONGSIDE THE

ACS.

THE SOCIETY WHICH WAS FOUNDED IN

NEW YORK CITY MORE THAN 140

YEARS AGO, IS THE FIRST AND

OLDEST CHILD PROTECTIVE AGENCY

IN THE WORLD.

ITS MISSION IS TO MEET THE

URGENT NEEDS OF THE CITY'S MOST

VULNERABLE CHILDREN AND HELP

KEEP THEM SAFE FROM ABUSE AND

NEGLECT.

APRIL IS NATIONAL CHILD ABUSE

PREVENTION MONTH AND TO TALK

ABOUT THIS VERY IMPORTANT ISSUE

IS THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE

NEW YORK SOCIETY FOR THE

PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO

CHILDREN, DOCTOR MARY PALIDO.

WELCOME TO THE PROGRAM.

>> THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR HAVING

ME.

>> LET'S BEGIN AT THE BEGINNING.

HOW DID YOUR ORGANIZATION HOW

DID THE SOCIETY GET ITS START?

>> THE NEW YORK SOCIETY FOR

PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO

CHILDREN WAS STARTED RIGHT HERE

IN NEW YORK CITY IN 1875 IN

HELL'S KITCHEN.

THERE WAS A LITTLE GIRL NAMED

MARY ELLEN WHO WAS BEING

HORRIBLY ABUSED AND THERE WAS A

CHURCH WORKER NAMED ETTA WHEELER

WHO HEARD OF THE ABUSE BUT SHE

DIDN'T KNOW WHAT TO DO BECAUSE

IN 1875, THERE WERE LAWS TO

PROTECT ANIMALS, NOT LAWS TO

PROTECT CHILDREN.

SO, SHE ACTUALLY WENT TO THE

ASPCA AND MET WITH TWO

ATTORNEYS, HENRY BERG AND

ELBRIDGE GARY.

THEY SENT PEOPLE IN TO RESCUE

LITTLE MARY ELLEN AND THEN THE

ASPCA ATTORNEY GARY FOUNDED THE

NYSPCC AND WROTE THE BASIC TENET

OF CHILD PROTECTION LAWS THAT

ARE STILL ON THE BOOKS TODAY.

SO, THE CHILD PROTECTION

MOVEMENT STARTED RIGHT HERE.

>> SO, BEFORE 1875, CRUELTY THAT

YOU COULD COMMIT ON A CHILD YOU

COULDN'T COMMIT ON AN ANIMAL.

>> THAT'S CORRECT.

>> OH, MY GOD.

BRIEFLY I TOUCHED ON IT IN THE

INTRODUCTION ABOUT THE MISSION

OF THE SOCIETY, BUT I WONDER IF

YOU CAN ELABORATE WHAT IT IS AND

HOW IT HAS EVOLVED OVER THE

YEARS.

>> SURE.

WELL, INITIALLY WE WERE ACS

BEFORE THERE WAS ACS.

SO, OVER OUR HISTORY WE HAVE

INVESTIGATED OVER 650,000 CASES

OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

INVOLVING 2 MILLION CHILDREN.

THEN IN THE 1970s, THE

GOVERNMENT REALIZING HOW

WIDESPREAD THE PROBLEM WAS, TOOK

OVER THAT INVESTIGATIVE REMOVAL

AND SPCCs WHICH BY THAT TIME HAD

FLOURISHED THROUGHOUT THE UNITED

STATES, EITHER WENT OUT OF

BUSINESS OR CHANGED THEIR

MISSION AND THEIR FOCUS.

SO, TODAY WE PROVIDE MENTAL

HEALTH COUNSELING AND HEALING

FOR CHILDREN THAT HAVE BEEN

ABUSED.

IF CHILDREN ARE REMOVED, WE WORK

WITH THE FAMILIES AND THE

CHILDREN TO REPAIR AND RESTORE

THOSE RELATIONSHIPS AND OUR

SUPERVISED VISITATION PROGRAM,

AND WE OFFER SERVICES THAT I

THINK THE MOST IMPORTANT ONE

OF THE THINGS WE OFFER IS

PREVENTION SERVICES.

WE ARE IN THE SCHOOLS EVERY DAY

TRYING TO TEACH CHILDREN AND

PARENTS AND TEACHERS HOW TO

RECOGNIZE AND REPORT CHILD ABUSE

AND HOW TO PREVENT CHILD ABUSE.

>> SO, YOU ALSO HELP CASEWORKERS

AND FIRST RESPONDERS WHO ARE

REALLY SUBJECTED TO TRAUMA

SEEING THESE TERRIBLE THINGS

EVERY DAY.

YOU HELP THEM COPE WITH THAT.

>> YES, YES, WE RUN THE CRISIS

DEBRIEFING PROGRAM FOR NEW YORK

CITY CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES

AND FOR SOMETIMES HORRIBLE

THINGS HAPPEN AT FOSTER CARE

AGENCIES AS WELL.

AND WE WORK WITH THEM ON THEIR

STRESS MANAGEMENT, ON COPING

SKILLS, AND HELPING THEM FOCUS

ON WHAT THEY NEED TO DO SO THEY

CAN COME BACK AND CONTINUE TO DO

THESE DIFFICULT JOBS DAY IN, DAY

OUT.

>> WELL, YOU KNOW, OVER THE PAST

YEAR, WE'VE DONE A NUMBER OF

SEGMENTS ON, YOU KNOW, THE

CRISIS, IF I CAN USE THAT WORD,

THAT THE ACS HAS BEEN GOING

THROUGH BECAUSE OF ALL THOSE

CHILDREN ABUSE FATALITIES

THAT WE'VE LEARNED ABOUT.

THE CITY'S DEPARTMENT OF

INVESTIGATION SAID THAT THOSE

CASES AND THE PROBLEMS AT THE

ACS STEM FROM A SYSTEMIC

DYSFUNCTION.

FIRST OF ALL I I WONDER DO YOU

AGREE WITH THAT ASSESSMENT THAT

THE ACS IS SYSTEMICALLY

DYSFUNCTIONAL OR HAS BEEN?

AND WHAT DO YOU DO TO FIX IT?

>> YOU KNOW, THE 89,000 REPORTS

THAT ARE CALLED IN EVERY YEAR ON

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT, OF

THOSE THERE'S 55,000 ACTUAL

INVESTIGATIONS THAT THE CPS

WORKERS HAVE TO CONDUCT.

AND THAT INVOLVES AROUND 85,000

CHILDREN AND AROUND 40% OF THOSE

CASES ARE INDICATED CHILD ABUSE

OR NEGLECT AND SERVICES HAVE TO

BE PUT IN PLACE FOR THOSE

FAMILIES.

SO, THOSE INVESTIGATIONS ARE

CHALLENGING, TIME CONSUMING,

DAUNTING AND SOMETIMES DOWN

RIGHT DANGEROUS AS WE KNOW.

THE MAJORITY OF TIMES, THOSE

FAMILIES DO RECEIVE THE SERVICES

AND THE HELP THEY NEED.

HOWEVER, AS HAS BECOME VERY

CLEAR, THERE ARE INSTANCES AS

THE LAST FOUR HORRIFIC

FATALITIES POINT OUT WHERE ACS

DID NOT DO WHAT WAS NEEDED TO BE

DONE.

SO, THERE IS A NEED I THINK

BETWEEN THE NEW COMMISSIONER,

COMMISSIONER HANSEL COMING IN, I

THINK THE CROLL INVESTIGATIVE

REPORT NOW THAT THEY'RE AUDITING

THE PROCEDURES, WILL SHOW THERE

IS A NEED TO SUPPORT THE WORK OF

ACS WITH THESE CRITICAL

INVESTIGATIONS REGARDING

TRAINING, REGARDING SUPERVISION,

REGARDING SAFETY IN THE FIELD.

>> RIGHT.

>> AND I'M HOPEFUL THAT THAT

WILL SURE UP THIS PART OF ACS

THAT REALLY NEEDS THE ADDITIONAL

ATTENTION RIGHT NOW.

>> WE HAVE LESS THAN A MINUTE

LEFT AND I WANT TO GET INTO YOUR

ORGANIZATION IS HOLDING ITS 6th

ANNUAL SPRING LUNCHEON TO RAISE

FUNDS FOR YOUR PROGRAMS

INCLUDING YOUR SAFE TOUCHES

PROGRAM.

WHAT IS THAT PROGRAM?

>> SAFE TOUCHES IS AN AMAZING

PROGRAM.

IT'S OUR CHILD SEX ABUSE

PREVENTION PROGRAM FOR

KINDERGARTNERS THROUGH THE THIRD

GRADE.

IT TEACHES CHILDREN THE

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THEIR PRIVATE

PARTS AND NOT PRIVATE PARTS, WHO

CAN TOUCH THEM, SAFE TOUCHES AND

NOT SAFE TOUCHES AND WHAT THEY

CAN DO IF THEY RECEIVE A NOT

SAFE TOUCH.

WE'RE IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOL

SYSTEM EVERY DAY.

WE'VE REACHED OVER 25,000

CHILDREN, AND IT'S CRITICAL THAT

WE GET TO THESE CHILDREN WHEN

THEY'RE YOUNG BECAUSE THE

AVERAGE AGE OF A CHILD BEING

SEXUALLY ABUSED IS 8.

SO, WE NEED TO GET TO THE

KINDERGARTNERS AND REALLY, YOU

KNOW, THEY UNDERSTAND THESE

CONCEPTS.

IT'S EVIDENCE-BASED.

WE HAD AN NIH GRANT THAT REALLY

WENT IN AND LOOKED AT HOW ARE

THEY LEARNING AND THE KIDS ARE

LEARNING AND THEY'RE RETAINING

IT.

SO, I THINK THIS WE WANT

TO PREVENT.

I DON'T WANT THE CHILDREN COMING

INTO MY CLINIC.

I WANT TO PREVENT THEM FROM

COMING INTO MY CLINIC.

>> WELL, DOCTOR PALIDOS, YOU DO

TREMENDOUS WORK AND WE

APPRECIATE THAT AS WELL.

>> THANK YOU.

>> FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE

PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO

CHILDREN AND ITS RESOURCES

PLEASE LOG ONTO

"METROFOCUS".ORG.

>>> WHEN WE THINK OF ENDANGERED

SPECIES, WE TEND TO THINK OF

MAJESTIC ANIMALS IN FAR PLACES,

SNOW LEP LEP ERRED IN THE HIM

LAY AS.

SOME LIVE HERE IN NEW YORK CITY.

TONIGHT AS PART OF OUR

INITIATIVE, PERIL, CLIMATE

CHANGE, WE'RE TAKING A LOOK AT

HOW CLIMATE CHANGE, LOSS OF

HABITAT, AND OTHER FACTORS ARE

THREATENING WILDLIFE IN PLACES

LIKE THE VERY SAN OWE BRIDGE AND

JAMAICA BAY.

WE'LL ALSO LOOK AT SOME OF THE

UNEXPECTED SUCCESS STORIES OF

URBAN WILDLIFE.

SPECIFICALLY THE RECENT ARRIVALS

THAT HAVE MADE THE CITY THEIR

HOME AND NOT NOT JUST SURVIVING,

BUT THRIVING.

JOINING US TO TALK ABOUT THAT IS

THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR FOR THE

NEW YORK NATURE CONSERVANCY.

BILL, WELCOME BACK TO THE

PROGRAM.

>> IT'S GREAT TO BE HERE,

RAPHAEL, THANK YOU FOR HAVING

ME.

>> WE DON'T OFTEN ASSOCIATE

WILDLIFE WITH NEW YORK CITY.

THERE ARE ABOUT 100 SPECIES THAT

CALL THE BIG APPLE THEIR HOME?

>> IT'S ACTUALLY A LITTLE KNOWN

FACT THERE ARE MORE SPECIES THAT

OCCUR IN NEW YORK CITY THAN ALL

OF YELLOW STONE NATIONAL PARK.

>> REAL ANY

>> SO PEOPLE DON'T THINK OF NEW

YORK AT THIS HOT BED OF

DIVERSITY, BUT IT IS.

IT IS A SPECIAL PLACE OF

CONVERGENCE OF SPECIES FROM THE

NORTH AND SOUTH.

WE ALSO HAVE THE HUDSON RIVER,

THE EAST RIVER, THE OCEAN,

ATLANTIC OCEAN.

IT ALL SORT OF HAPPENS RIGHT

HERE.

AS HAS BEEN SAID, WHEN HENRY

HUDSON CAME HERE, THIS WOULD

HAVE BEEN DECLARED A NATIONAL

PARK.

IT WAS JUST SO SPECIAL.

AND WE'VE RETAINED A LOT OF

THAT.

>> SO, GIVE US SOME EXAMPLES OF

THE KIND OF WILDLIFE WE MAY NOT

KNOW.

>> SOME OF THE ONES GOING TO THE

POINT OF ENDANGERED SPECIES, ONE

OF THE MOST SPECIAL ONES IS THE

PERE GREN FALCON.

OUT IN THE WILD THEY WOULD BE

LIVING ON CLIFF FACES.

BUT THERE ARE THESE MANMADE

CLIFF FACES ALL OVER THE CITY.

SO, I LIVE NEAR RIVERSIDE CHURCH

ON THE WEST SIDE AND THERE ARE

PEREGRINS NETTING ON TOP OF THE

CHURCH.

I CAN SEE THEM GOING INTO THEIR

DIVES ON MY MORNING RUN.

THEY'RE THE FASTEST ANIMAL ON

ETH.

THAT'S REALLY FUN.

WE'RE SEEING NOW THIS RESURGENCE

YOU A ALLUDED TO IN THE OPENING

WHALES ARE COMING BACK HERE.

HUMP BACK WHALES SWIMMING UP THE

HUDSON RIVER, SORT OF FEEDING

AND PLAYING AROUND THE GEORGE

WASHINGTON BRIDGE WHICH WE

HAVEN'T SEEN THAT KIND OF

ACTIVITY AND BEHAVIOR IN YEARS.

SO, IT'S A SIGN THAT THINGS ARE

COMING BACK.

>> THAT'S GREAT.

GIVE US SOME OTHER EXAMPLES.

>> WELL, ONE OF THE ONES, I

THINK THE OTHER THING THAT'S

IMPORTANT TO KNOW IS WE'RE STILL

DISCOVERING STUFF.

SO, THE NATURE CONSERVANCY WAS

PART OF A TEAM JUST A FEW YEARS

AGO.

WE WERE DOING RESEARCH OUT ON

STATEN ISLAND AND WE DISCOVERED

A NEW SPECIES OF LEOPARD FROG.

MAY NOT BE AS COOL AS A FALCON

OR HUMP BACK WHALE.

THIS WAS 20 YEARS AGO, 2015,

WE'RE DISCOVERING SPECIES NOT

YET KNOWN TO SCIENCE AND THAT,

TOO, IS GOING ON HERE IN THE

CITY.

SO, THERE'S A LOT.

AND DIFFERENT SEASONS BRING

DIFFERENT SPECIES.

WE GET SPRING AND FALL, THE BIRD

MIGRATIONS, THE WHALE

MIGRATIONS, BUT ALSO WE GET

HARBOR SEALS.

IF YOU GO OUT TO BROOKLYN AND

QUEENS YOU CAN SEE SNOWY OWLS.

>> YOU MENTIONED WOLVES AND

COYOTES THAT HAVE MATED AND

THRIVING IN THE CITY.

>> IT IS INTERESTING.

I THINK THE CITY HAS CHANGED ITS

POLICY AROUND COYOTES.

I THINK THE POLICE HAVE SAID,

YOU KNOW, THEY'RE HERE TO STAY.

WE CAN'T ERADICATE THEM.

REALLY WHAT WE NEED TO DO IS

LEARN TO LIVE WITH THEM.

THAT'S RIGHT, THE OLD SORT OF

ONES WE EXPECT, RACCOONS AND

POSSUMS.

THEY'RE HERE.

COYOTES AND DEER MAKE IT INTO

THE CITY.

>> YOU'RE SAYING THESE ARE

ENDANGERED.

WHAT IS ENDANGERING THEM?

>> I THINK THE NUMBER ONE THING

WE NEED TO PAY ATTENTION TO IS

CLIMATE CHANGE.

IN ONE SENSE, THIS SILENT

THREAT, BUT THERE ARE THESE

INTENSE ACUTE MOMENTS.

WITH CHANGES IN TEMPERATURE,

PRECIPITATION PATTERNS, THESE

ARE GOING TO HAVE DRAMATIC

EFFECTS ON WHEN FLOWERS ARE

FLOWERING, WHEN TREES ARE

PRODUCING THEIR NUTS AND THEIR

SEEDS.

AND THAT'S GOING TO HAVE BIG

EFFECTS ON MIGRATION.

SO, IF YOU THINK ABOUT BIRDS BUT

ALSO I SPENT SOME TIME THIS PAST

FALL TAGGING MONARCH

BUTTERFLIES.

THEY'RE FAMOUS FOR THIS

MIGRATION BETWEEN MEXICO AND THE

UNITED STATES.

IF YOU START HAVING GLOBAL

WEIRDING AS I REFER TO IT AND

THESE CHANGES IN FLOWERING AND

PRECIPITATION, THAT'S GOING TO

AFFECT ANIMALS QUITE A BIT.

BUT I THINK OTHER THINGS LIKE

KEEPING GREEN SPACE, KEEPING

TREES HEALTHY, YOU KNOW, KEEPING

OUR PARKS IN GOOD SHAPE, THESE

ARE ALL KEY HABITAT.

THAT'S IMPORTANT FOR THE CITY.

>> WHAT ARE SOME OF THE SUCCESS

STORIES, BESIDES THE WHALES

COMING BACK, ET CETERA?

>> THE ONE I THINK WE SHOULD ALL

BE MOST PROUD OF ARE THE BALD

EAGLES AND I SAY THAT FOR TWO

REASONS.

ONE IS THE BALD EAGLES ARE A

NATIONAL SYMBOL.

WERE FOR A TIME ON THE

ENDANGERED SPECIES LIST, NOW

RECENTLY THEY'VE COME OFF.

AND JUST IN THE LAST FEW YEARS

WE HAVE OUR FIRST NESTING PAIR

AND NOW PAIRS INSIDE NEW YORK

CITY.

THEY'RE STARTING TO MAKE THEIR

HOME ON STATEN ISLAND AGAIN.

>> IN THE INTRODUCTION I SAID

SOME OF THESE SPECIES ARE NOT

ONLY SURVIVING, BUT THRIVING.

IS THERE A PROBLEM THAT MAYBE

SOME OF THEM ARE THRIVING TOO

WELL IN THE CITY?

>> WELL, I THINK AROUND SOME

SPECIES LIKE COYOTES AND DEER,

THAT'S WHERE THE QUESTIONS LIE.

SO, YOU KNOW, I KNOW THERE ARE A

LOT OF DOG OWNERS IN THE CITY.

THE THREAT OF A COYOTE IS KIND

OF SCARY.

>> YES.

>> SO, THAT'S VERY REAL.

WHEN WE ASK OURSELVES THE

QUESTIONS ABOUT HOW DO WE LIVE

WITH THESE ANIMALS, WHAT DOES

THAT MEAN?

AND IF YOU'RE IN PARTS OF THE

CITY WHERE COYOTES ARE STARTING

TO APPEAR MORE AND MORE, WHAT

ARE THE STEPS YOU TAKE TO KEEP

YOUR DOGS, YOUR CATS, THINGS

LIKE THAT SAFE, FOR EXAMPLE.

BUT OVERALL MOST OF THESE

ANIMALS ARE FAR MORE AFRAID OF

US THAN WE ARE OF THEM.

AND IT'S REALLY JUST AN

OPPORTUNITY TO REV HE WILL IN

THE IDEA WE CAN GO ON WHALE

WATCHING TOURS, HARBOR SEA

VIEWING TOURS AND BIRD WATCHING

TRIPS ALL AROUND THE CITY AND

SEE SOME FABULOUS THINGS.

>> SO, WHAT CAN REGULAR PEOPLE

DO TO HELP TO KEEP THESE ANIMALS

THRIVING?

>> WELL, I THINK THE NUMBER ONE

THING IS EVERYTHING WE CAN DO TO

REDUCE CARBON POLLUTION AND

REDUCE OUR CARBON FOOTPRINT.

SO, KEEP USING PUBLIC

TRANSPORTATION, YOU KNOW, SWITCH

TO THE RENEWABLE ENERGY IF YOU

CAN.

WE'VE JUST DONE THAT IN OUR

APARTMENT BUILDING WHERE WE'RE

GETTING NOW OUR ENERGY

PRODUCTION FROM WIND AND SOLAR

AND HYDRO.

ANOTHER IS TAKING CARE OF STREET

TREES.

IF YOU DON'T HAVE IF YOU HAVE

AN EMPTY PIT OUT IN FRONT OR

THERE IS A TREE THERE BUT NOBODY

IS LOOKING AFTER IT, REALLY CARE

FOR IT AND TEND FOR IT BECAUSE

IT'S GOOD FOR THE ENVIRONMENT

AND IT'S GOOD FOR WILDLIFE.

AND THEN IT SOUNDS SIMPLE, BUT

JUST HELPING KEEP TRACK OF

LITTER.

WHEN I WALK MY DOG OVER THE

YEARS, I'LL USUALLY JUST SORT OF

PICKUP LITTER ALONG THE WAY.

WHEN THERE IS A BIG RAINSTORM, A

LOT OF THAT STUFF GETS WASHED

INTO OUR SEWER SYSTEM AND GETS

BLASTED OUT INTO THE RIVERS AND

BAY.

AND THAT'S REALLY BAD FOR MARINE

LIFE.

SO, IF WE CAN STAY ON TOP OF

THAT, THOSE ARE ALL THINGS WE

CAN DO IN OUR DAILY LIVES TO

MAKE A BIG DIFFERENCE.

>> BESIDES GOING TO THE HUDSON

RIVER AND WATCHING THE WHALES,

WHERE CAN SOME PEOPLE GO TO SEE

SOME OF THIS WILDLIFE?

>> THE PLACES I RECOMMEND,

CENTRAL PARK OBVIOUSLY ICONIC

AND KNOWN.

ALSO PROSPECT PARK.

YOU MENTIONED JAMAICA BAY IN THE

OPENING.

THESE ARE WORLD CLASS BIRDING

DESTINATIONS.

THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO COME FROM

ALL OVER THE WORLD TO EXPERIENCE

THE FALL AND SPRING MIGRATION OF

BIRDS.

BUT I REALLY DO SUGGEST FOLKS

SIGN UP FOR THESE SEAL AND WHALE

TOURS AND GO OUT INTO THE PARK

AND SEE WHAT'S THERE.

WE JUST HAD A BALD EAGLE FLY

PAST OUR WINDOW ON THE UPPER

WEST SIDE NOT TOO LONG AGO.

SO, KEEP YOUR EYES OPEN WHEREVER

YOU ARE IN THE CITY AND YOU

MIGHT BE SURPRISED

>> ALL RIGHT, BILL, THANK YOU SO

MUCH.

IT'S ALWAYS GREAT TO TALK TO

YOU.

>> IT'S GREAT TO BE HERE.

THANKS, RAF.

>> HERE AT "METROFOCUS" IT'S

ABOUT CHASING THE DREAM

INITIATIVE, POVERTY AND

OPPORTUNITY IN AMERICA.

WE STRIVE TO PROVIDE YOU WITH A

DEEPER UNDERSTANDING OF THE

IMPACT OF ECONOMIC INEQUALITY IN

AMERICA.

LEGALITY ME START OFF WITH THIS

STATISTIC.

IN NEW YORK CITY MORE THAN A

MILLION RESIDENTS ARE FACING

HUNGER RIGHT NOW.

WITH HOUSING COSTS SOARING AND

HEALTHY PRODUCE EXPENSIVE,

VEGETABLES AND FRUIT ARE OFTEN

LEFT OUT OF MEALS.

TONIGHT LET ME TAKE YOU TO

WASHINGTON HEIGHTS AND INTRODUCE

YOU TO A NEW PROGRAM WHICH IS

PROVIDING NUTRITIOUS FOOD TO NEW

YORKERS IN NEED.

>> THIS IS A NEIGHBORHOOD IN

TRANSACTION.

THE NEIGHBORHOOD, A LOT OF

PEOPLE ARE CUSTOMERS SHOPPING,

MARKETS ARE DISAPPEARING.

AND RENTS ARE GOING UP.

PEOPLE ARE BEING CHASED OUT.

SO, THERE IS A NEED.

>> DAVID WILLIAMS HAS SEEN HIS

WASHINGTON HEIGHTS NEIGHBORHOOD

CHANGE OVER THE YEARS.

WILLIAMS ALONG WITH HUNDREDS OF

HIS NEIGHBORS GET HELP FROM THIS

MOBILE MARKET WHICH GIVES OUT

FREE FOOD TO LOCAL RESIDENTS.

THE NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION CITY

HARVEST HOSTS THESE POP-UP

MARKETS ALL OVER THE CITY.

THEY'RE TARGETING FOOD DESERTS,

THOSE AREAS WHERE HEALTHY FOOD

IS EITHER INACCESSIBLE OR

UNAFFORDABLE FOR MOST RESIDENTS.

>> I'M SEMI-RETIRED SO IT'S

HELPING ME OUT WITH A LIMITED

BUDGET AND THEY GIVE A NICE

AMOUNT OF PORTIONS HERE.

I ALSO PASS IT ON TO OTHER

NEIGHBORS WHO ARE IN NEED.

>> ALMOST ONE IN FIVE NEW

YORKERS ARE FOOD INSECURE,

MEANING THEY CAN'T ALWAYS AFFORD

NUTRITIOUS FOOD.

>> FOOD INSECURITY IS WHEN

PEOPLE STRUGGLE TO PUT FOOD ON

THE TABLE.

A FAMILY MIGHT NOT BE FOOD

INSECURE ALL THE TIME.

IT MAY HAPPEN AT THE END OF THE

MONTH OR SOMEONE LOSES A JOB OR

SOME TYPE OF FIGHT JUST

HAPPENED.

MANY, MANY HOUSEHOLDS IN THE

AWAY FROM REAL STRUGGLES LIKE

THAT.

>> WHEN CITY HARVEST LAUNCHED

IN 1982, IT ENSURED FOOD DOESN'T

GO TO WAIST AND DISTRIBUTE IT TO

PEOPLE IN NEED.

OVER THE YEARS THEY WORK CLOSELY

WITH KITCHENS AND FOOD PANTRIES

IN THE CITY.

IN THE EARLY 2000s THEY BEGAN

THIS HEALTHY NEIGHBORHOOD

PROJECT, IN BED STUY, NORTHWEST

QUEENS, SOUTH BRONX, STATEN

ISLAND AND HERE IN WASHINGTON

HEIGHTS.

>> YOU TAKE A LOOK AT THE PEOPLE

IN THE LINE.

MOSTLY OF THEM ARE SENIOR

CITIZENS, PEOPLE LIVING ON FIXED

INCOME.

FOOD COSTS AND WHAT IT COSTS IN

THE CITY THESE DAYS, IT'S VERY

HARD TO GET FRESH PRODUCE TO BE

DELIVERED TO THEM RIGHT IN THEIR

NEIGHBORHOOD.

IT'S A GOD SENT.

>> WORKING HAND IN HAND WITH

LOCAL GROCERS, THE HEALTHY

NEIGHBORHOOD PROGRAM ALSO

TEACHES RESIDENTS HOW TO SHOP

FOR AND COOK NUTRITIOUS BUDGET

FRIENDLY MEALS.

>> PEOPLE SEE THE COMMUNITY,

THEY SEE PEOPLE GOING AND

COMING.

THEY DON'T LOOK AT THE PEOPLE

AND RECOGNIZE THAT THEY ARE

HUNGRY AND THEY DO NEED.

WE'VE BEEN BLESSED.

WE CAN LOOK AT OUR COMMUNITY AND

SAY IT'S AN OPPORTUNITY FOR US

TO BE A PART OF THE COMMUNITY.

SEE THE NEED OF OUR CITIZENS AND

WORK WITH THEM.

>> WHAT'S CLEAR IS THAT HUNGER

IS OFTEN A HIDDEN PROBLEM

IMPACTING SENIOR CITIZENS,

COLLEGE STUDENTS, THE WORKING

POOR, AND EVEN THOSE WITH

FULL-TIME JOBS.

>> ONE THING I NOTICE IS THAT

THE LINES ARE GETTING LONGER AND

LONGER, YOU KNOW, AND MORE AND

MORE PEOPLE AND IT'S MUCH

VERY DIVERSE.

>> DURING MY DAYS THEY USED TO

HAVE THE FOOD INSIDE THE

PROJECTS WHERE YOU USED TO GO

GET THE PEANUT BUTTER AND THE

JELLY, PUSH IT IN THE SHOPPING

CART.

ALL THE YOUNG KIDS WHO ARE

AFRAID TO LET THEIR FRIENDS SEE

THEM, IT'S NOT LIKE THAT TODAY.

PEOPLE ARE PROUD TO COME OUT

HERE AND TO GET FRESH PRODUCE.

TIMES BEING WHAT THEY ARE.

>> THE CITY HARVEST STAFF AND

VOLUNTEERS ARE WRAPPING UP FOR

THE DAY.

THIS MOBILE MARKET IN WASHINGTON

HEIGHTS SERVED OVER 300

HOUSEHOLDS TODAY.

THAT'S BENEFITING CLOSE TO A

THOUSAND PEOPLE.

FOR "METROFOCUS," I'M WILLIAM

JONES.

>> MAKING CHILDREN SUCCESSFUL

BEYOND THE ELEMENTARY YEARS

TAKES MORE THAN JUST GOOD GRADES

AND TEST SCORES.

IT'S CULTIVATING THEIR PHYSICAL

SELVES AS WELL AS ARTISTIC

TOLERANCE.

YOU'RE DEVELOPING MIND AND BODY.

THAT'S THE VISION OF THE

NATIONAL DANCE INSTITUTE,

NONPROFIT TUITION FREE DANCE

COMPANY THAT BEGAN HERE IN NEW

YORK MORE THAN 40 YEARS AGO.

IT'S A PROGRAM OF BUILDING

SELF-ESTEEM THROUGH DANCE HAS

BEEN DUPLICATED IN CITIES AROUND

THE WORLD.

TONIGHT WE BRING YOU TO THE

HARLEM HEADQUARTERS TO SEE THE

MOVEMENT OF A GENERATION.

>> ONE, TWO, THREE, FOUR, FIVE,

SIX, SEVEN EIGHT.

>> DANCE TO ME IS ESSENTIAL FOR

EVERYBODY BECAUSE IT'S A MATTER

OF MOVEMENT AND THINKING AND

BEING CREATIVE AND BEING

INNOVATIVE AND ALLOWING YOURSELF

TO BE FREE.

AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE DO

TO CHILDREN IS THAT WE STOP THEM

FROM BEING FREE.

>> FOR PAMELA PRICE HAINES,

PRINCIPAL OF PS 161 IN HARLEM,

ENSURING THAT HER STUDENTS

PARTICIPATE IN DANCE INSTITUTE

IS A ROUTINE PART OF HER

CURRICULUM.

>> WE START OFF OUR YEAR WITH A

LIST OF WHAT VENDORS WE WILL USE

AND NDI IS ALWAYS ON THAT LIST.

IT'S JUST UNDERSTOOD THAT FOR

FOURTH GRADE THAT WE BEGIN OUR

YEAR WITH NDI.

>> ON ITS SURFACE, NATIONAL

DANCE INSTITUTE OFFERS EACH

FOCUSED DANCE CLASS FOR SCHOOL

AGE CHILDREN BEGINNING IN THE

FOURTH GRADE THROUGH EIGHTH.

FOUNDED IN 1976, NDI USES MUSIC

AND DANCE TO INSTILL A LOVE OF

THE ARTS AND A PASSION FOR

LEARNING AND A DESIRE IN

STUDENTS TO STRIVE FOR THEIR

BEST.

>> THE ARTS ENGAGE EMOTION.

AND WHEN EMOTION IS ENGAGED,

THAT'S WHEN LEARNING HAPPENS.

CHILDREN GET EXCITED ABOUT

LEARNING.

>> ONE, TWO, THREE, FOUR, FIVE,

SIX, SEVEN EIGHT.

>> THEY WANT TO WORK

COLLABORATIVELY.

IT DEVELOPS THEIR CRITICAL

THINKING SKILLS.

IT PROMOTES SELF-CONFIDENCE.

AND THEY LEARN TO TAKE RISKS.

THEY UNDERSTAND THE IMPORTANCE

AND THE VALUE OF HARD WORK AND

LEG WORK.

AND I THINK IT BRINGS DISCIPLINE

AND STRUCTURE INTO THEIR LIVES

AND CHILDREN ARE HUNGRY FOR

THAT.

>> ELLEN WEINSTEIN HAS BEEN WITH

THE ORGANIZATION FOR 30 YEARS

STARTING OUT AS A STUDENT

HERSELF.

LEARNING TO PERFORM GIVES A LOT

OF STUDENTS THEIR FIRST TASTE OF

SUCCESS, AN EXPERIENCE SHE SAYS

TRANSFORMS THEM.

>> YOU DON'T TAKE MATH BECAUSE

YOU'RE GOING TO BE A

MATHEMATICIAN.

YOU DON'T STUDY SCIENCE BECAUSE

YOU'RE GOING TO GO INTO

MEDICINE.

IN THE SAME WAY, DANCE IS WORTHY

OF STUDY.

NOT NECESSARILY TO TRAIN

PROFESSIONAL DANCERS, BUT I LIKE

TO SAY TO MASTER THE CHOREO

GRAPHY OF THEIR LIVES.

THEY LEARN TO TAKE CONTROL OF

THEIR LIVES.

>> BUT NDI ISN'T JUST ABOUT

DANCE.

EACH YEAR'S PERFORMANCE FOCUSES

AROUND A THEME THAT TEACHERS CAN

USE TO BUILD LESSON PLANS ON,

FURTHER ENGAGING THE KIDS.

>> THIS YEAR THEY'LL CELEBRATE

THE GREAT MIGRATION TO HARLEM

AND THE MUSIC OF DUKE ELLINGTON

AND ELLA FITZGERALD AS WELL AS

THE CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF EAST

HARLEM, WHICH IS GOOD BECAUSE AT

PS 161, PRINCIPAL HAINES SAYS

STUDENTS FROM THE DOMINICAN

REPUBLIC, MEXICO AND YEMEN.

>> THEY DIDN'T THINK OF HARLEM

AS THEIR COMMUNITY AS BEING

SOMETHING THAT'S SOCIAL STUDIES

WORTHY.

SO, THAT WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO

THEM.

AND I THINK THE ARTS IS THE BEST

WAY TO SHARE CULTURES AND TO

KNOCK DOWN THOSE BARRIERS AND TO

FIND THAT WE'RE MORE ALIKE THAN

WE ARE DIFFERENT.

>> FOR THE FOURTH GRADERS IN

THEIR FIRST YEAR DANCING WITH

NDI, IT'S A CHANCE FOR PHYSICAL

AND EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION THAT

THEY HADN'T HAD BEFORE.

>> MY FAVORITE PART IS CLASSES

BECAUSE I DANCE A LOT.

AND I WANT TO LEARN MORE DANCE

MOVES.

>> I THINK IT'S PRETTY FUN

BECAUSE IT GIVES DANCING YOU

GET TO BE FREE AND YOU GET TO BE

DOING TYPE OF DANCES AND IT'S

REALLY COOL.

>> I LIKE NDI BECAUSE YOU GET TO

EXPRESS YOUR FEELINGS, LIKE IF

YOU'RE HAPPY, YOU GET TO DO A

HAPPY DANCE.

MAD, YOU DANCE AND EXPRESS IT.

>> FOR ARTISTIC DEVELOPER ELLEN

WEINSTEIN, SHE'S CONSTANTLY

SEEING MANY MIRACLES LIKE ONE

TEACHER WHO HAD A STUDENT

STRUGGLING SOCIALLY AND

ACADEMICALLY YET EXCELLING AT

DANCE.

SO, IN A CONFIDENCE BUILDING

EXERCISE, THE TEACHER HAD THE

STUDENT DEMONSTRATE A SPECIFIC

DANCE STEP BEFORE THE CLASS.

>> SHE HAD THE CLASS GIVE

FEEDBACK, YOU KNOW, AND IT WAS

ALL COMPLIMENTS.

I LOVED HOW HE DID THIS.

I LOVED HOW HE DID THAT.

AND WHEN HE SAT DOWN, HE LEANED

OVER TO THE TEACHER AND SAID,

ALL OF THOSE COMPLIMENTS JUST

PUT THE PIECES OF MY HEART BACK

TOGETHER.

THE WHOLE PROGRAM WAS WORTH IT

FOR THAT ONE MOMENT, AND WE HAVE

THOSE EXPERIENCES EVERY SINGLE

DAY.

>> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS

PROVIDED BY