MetroFocus

FULL EPISODE

January 22: Sandy, Grand Central Terminal

MetroFocus looks at nearly 90 days after Superstorm Sandy, compares and contrasts two different state of the state addresses, and wishes Grand Central Terminal a happy birthday.

AIRED: January 22, 2013 | 0:26:47
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

[ MUSIC

>> FROM THE WORLD'S LEADIN

CENTER FOR FINANCE, THE ARTS

PUBLISHING, SCIENCE, RESEARCH,

INNOVATION AND MUCH MORE, THIS

IS METRO FOCUS WITH RAFAEL P

ROMAN AND TONIGHT WITH MIK

SCHNEIDER.

>> TONIGHT, IT'S BEEN THRE

MONTHS IN SANDY, SO WHAT'S O

THE DRAWING BOARD IN COMPARE

AND CONTRAST, TWO GOVERNORS,

TWO STATES, TWO VERY DIFFERENT

APPROACHES

HAPPY 100TH BIRTHDAY, GRAN

CENTRAL.

>> COMMANDER VAYNER BUILT THIS

>> AND WHAT SOME RUSSIAN

IMMIGRANTS IN NEW YORK WANT YO

TO KNOW.

>> IF YOU ARE IN YOUR 20S AN

DECIDED TO DO SOMETHING THAT

WASN'T THE BEST IDEA EVER, YOU

DIDN'T GO TO JAIL FOR IT

>> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM IS

MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND

MERRYL TISCH, CHERYL AND PHILI

MILSTEIN, THE NISSAN

FOUNDATION, AND THE FORD

FOUNDATION

WORKING WITH VARIOUS LINES O

SOCIAL WORLDWIDE

CORPORATE FUNDING FOR METR

FOCUS IS PROVIDED BY MUTUA

AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT

COMPANY.

>> HELLO, I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

FLOODGATES, BARRIER ISLANDS,

UNDERGROUND POWER LINES, JUST

FEW OF THE THINGS RECOMMENDE

FOR SURVIVING THE NEXT STORM I

THE NEW YORK REGION.

JUST TWO WEEKS AFTER SANDY'S

DEVASTATION, GOVERNOR CUOMO HA

A MASSIVE STUDY AND LESS THA

TWO MONTHS LATER, THE IDEAS FO

PROTECTING OUR COASTLINE AND

INFRASTRUCTURE POURED IN

N.Y.S. REPORT IS HUNDREDS OF

PAGES, INCLUDING ARTIFICIA

ISLANDS REJECTING FROM THE

ISLAND AND USING OYSTER BEDS T

GROW A LIVING REEF THAT WOUL

SLOW STORM SURGES.

, AND CREATING GIANT SEA

BARRIERS LIKE THESE FLOODGATES

INSTALLED ON THE RIVER THAME

IN LONDON.

IT'S ALL PRELIMINARY

THERE WILL BE LOTS OF DEBATE T

BE READY FOR WHAT SCIENTISTS

PREDICT WILL BE MORE SEVER

STORMS

ON LONG ISLAND, THE TALK WAS

ALL ABOUT TRANSPORTATION A

THIS YEAR'S ANNUAL LONG ISLAND

INDEX SYMPOSIUM.

THEY LOOK FOR INCREASING TRACK

FOR THE LONG ISLAND RAILROAD

AND IT TAUGHT CRUCIAL LESSONS.

>> YOU TAKE SOME 100,000 LON

ISLAND COMMUTERS OUT OF THEI

TRAIN WHICH WAS THE BI

EXPERIMENT AFTER SANDY AND W

PUT THEM ON TO THE HIGHWAYS.

AND GUESS WHAT, YOU NEED MOR

LANES ON THE L.I.E

WELL, WE WON'T PUT TEN MOR

LANES ON

>> SANDY PRESENTED PLANNERS AN

APPLICATIONS WITH TOUG

QUESTIONS.

THEY TALKED ABOUT SANDY'

RESPECTIVE ANNUAL STATE OF THE

STATE ADDRESS BUT HOW DO THE

TWO SPEECHES COMPARE

WE WILL ASK NICK CONFESSORE AN

ALFRED DOBLIN IN JUST A MINUTE

LET'S HEAR WHAT SOME OF TH

GOVERNORS HAD TO SAY

>> AT THE STATE OF THE STATE

THIS AFTERNOON, WE SHOULD BE

PROUD OF OUR RECORD.

WE ARE RECOVERING AND GROWING.

WE ARE NOT DECLINING AND

DESCENDING

WE ARE WORKING TOGETHER NO

JUST AS A PEOPLE, AND DIGGIN

OUT FROM SANDY AND REBUILDIN

OUR ECONOMY.

WE ARE WORKING TOGETHER HERE I

TRENTON, IN THIS CHAMBER, AN

WE HAVE HAD OUR FIGHTS

WE HAVE STUCK TO OUR PRINCIPLE

BUT WE HAVE ESTABLISHED

GOVERNING MODEL FOR AMERIC

THAT SHOWS THAT EVEN WIT

HEARTFELT BELIEFS, BIPARTISA

COMPROMISE IS POSSIBLE

ACHIEVEMENT IS THE RESULT, AND

PROGRESS FOR OUR PEOPLE IS THE

PAYOFF

>> SO MY FRIENDS, WHAT IS TH

STATE OF NEW YORK STATE?

THE STATE OF NEW YORK STATE IS

THAT NEW YORK STATE IS RISING!

NEW YORK STATE IS RISING

BECAUSE IT'S MORE UNIFIED THAN

EVER BEFORE.

NEW YORK STATE IS RISING T

BUILD BACK BETTER AND STRONGER

THAN EVER BEFORE

NEW YORK STATE IS RISING T

BUILD A SMARTER, STRONGER STAT

THAN WE HAVE EVER HAD BEFORE

NEW YORK STATE IS RISING WITH

PASSION AND A COMMITMENT T

MAKE THIS STATE BETTER THA

IT'S EVER BEEN WITH A BRIGHTER

FUTURE THAT IT'S EVER HAD FO

YOUR FAMILY AND MY FAMILY AN

NEW YORK IS RISING

WITH US TOGETHER, AS ONE

COMMITTED TO THAT VISION AND

MAKING IT A REALITY, THIS YEAR

THANK YOU, AND GOD BLESS YOU

>> ALTHOUGH GOVERNOR CUOMO WAS

A LITTLE LOUDER THAN GOVERNO

CHRISTIE, THE TWO BITES THAT W

JUST SAW WERE VERY SIMILAR, AN

OPTIMISM AND THEIR RHETORIC,

BUT THE TWO SPEECHES COULDN'

HAVE BEEN MORE DIFFERENT

>> THAT'S RIGHT.

>> NICK, TALK ABOUT SOME OF TH

DIFFERENCES IN THE SPEECHES.

>> IF YOU GO INTO THE DETAILS,

WHAT YOU SEE FROM CHRISTIE'S

SPEECH, IS THE SPEECH OF A

CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICAN WHO IS

PREPARING TO RUN FOR GOVERNO

AGAIN IN A STATE WHERE MOS

VOTERS ARE NOT REPUBLICANS

AND IF YOU LOOK AT THE SPEEC

THAT CUOMO GAVE, YOU SEE A

DEMOCRATIC GOVERNOR IN A

DEMOCRATIC STATE WHO SPENT THE

FIRST TWO YEARS OF HIS TERM ON

FISCAL POLICY, CUTTING

SPENDING, YOU KNOW, CUTTIN

PENSIONS, CAPPING PROPERTY

TAXES AND THIS WAS HIS PIVOT

INTO GUN CONTROL AND RAISING

THE MINIMUM WAGE AND ABORTIO

RIGHTS, THE TRADITIONAL LAUNDR

LIST OF DEMOCRATIC AND LIBERAL

AGENDA ITEMS

>> YOU THINK HE MOVED TO THE

LEFT WITH THIS

>> ABSOLUTELY.

>> HE SAID SOME THINGS ABOUT

EDUCATION REFORM AND ECONOMI

DEVELOPMENT THAT CHRISTIE COUL

HAVE SAID IN THIS SPEECH

>> IT'S AMAZING AT THIS POINT,

YOU KNOW, KEY EDUCATION REFORM

TEACHERS UNIONS, ALL OF THAT

STUFF HAS BECOME SO BIPARTISAN

PRESIDENT OBAMA IS TAKING ON

TEACHERS UNIONS.

IT IS NOW A CENTRIST THING T

DO THAT.

>> I SEE

>> BUT YOU ARE RIGHT, IT'S MOR

ABOUT THE EMPHASIS

YOU KNOW, HE WANTS T

REESTABLISH THAT AFTER SOM

BRUISING BATTLES IN HIS FIRS

TWO YEARS WITH THE COR

CONSTITUENCIES OF HIS OW

PARTY, THAT HE CAN BE

PROGRESSIVE ON THEIR ISSUE

TOO.

>> NOW, ALFRED, YOU WROTE THAT

WHAT IS DISAPPOINTING ABOU

GOVERNOR CHRISTIE'S SPEECH I

NOT WHAT HE SAID BUT WHAT HE

DIDN'T SEE

WHAT ARE SOME OF THE THINGS HE

DIDN'T SAY THAT HE SHOULD HAVE

>> HE FOCUSED SO MUCH ON SANDY

ALMOST TO THE POINT THAT YOU

FIGURED HE SHOULD HAVE WORN TH

FLEECE, YOU KNOW BECAUSE IT WA

REALLY A FEEL GOOD SPEECH THAT

WE ARE NEW JERSEYANS AND W

HAVE BEEN THROUGH SOMETHIN

TERRIBLE

THE STATE IS SO MUCH SMALLER I

NEW JERSEY

SO IT'S FELT A LITTLE MORE

PERSONAL, BUT HE DIDN'T GE

INTO ANY OF THE REAL PROBLEM

THAT THE STATE HAS HAD

I MEAN, THERE'S BIPARTISANSHIP

ON SANDY, BUT HE COULDN'T GE

HIS SUPREME COURT NOMINEES

THROUGH IN A REALLY HORRIBLE

NASTY PARTISAN FIGHT

THERE'S NO TALK ABOUT GAMING

WHICH WAS TALKED ABOUT AND

THERE'S A NORTH AND SOUTH ISSU

ABOUT THE CASINOS THAT ARE NOT

DOING WELL DOWN IN ATLANTI

CITY AND WHETHER WE SHOULD HAV

CASINOS SOMEWHERE ELSE

AND I THINK CUOMO DECLARED WAR

ON NEW JERSEY WHEN IT CAME T

GAMING

SO SOME OF THOSE ISSUES WERE

NOT THERE AND HE DIDN'T EVEN

TALK ABOUT HIS TAX CUT, WHIC

NO ONE KNOWS IF HE CAN REALL

AFFORD, WHICH IS A REA

PARTISAN ISSUE

>> RIGHT

WELL, NICK, ON THE ON THE OTHE

HAND, GOVERNOR CUOMO, THERE WA

HARDLY ANYTHING HE DIDN'

MENTION.

HE EVEN TALKED ABOUT MARKETING

UPSTATE YOGURT

>> RIGHT

>> IN THAT SPEECH.

IT'S NOT ONLY DIFFERENT FROM

WHAT GOVERNOR CHRISTIE SAID IN

HIS SPEECH, BUT IT'S DIFFERENT

FROM HIS PREVIOUS STATE OF THE

STATES

WHY DID HE TAKE THIS APPROACH?

>> WELL, FIRST OF ALL, YOU

KNOW, HE'S VERY PROUD OF THE

YOGURT

IT'S A SIGNIFIER OF HIS JOBS

AGENDA

NOW, REAL CONCERN, HIS ONE KIN

OF WEAKNESS AS A GOVERNOR,

WHICH IS NOT ENTIRELY HIS FAUL

IS JOB CREATION.

HE'S JUST KNOTTING UP THE JO

NUMBERS YOU WANT TO PUT UP I

YOU WANT TO RUN FOR PRESIDEN

IN A COUPLE OF YEARS

THAT'S CORE TO HIM

BRINGING THE YOGURT FACTORY TO

UPSTATE AND HELPING ESTABLIS

THEIR FLAGSHIP STORE DOWN IN

SOHO IS KEY FOR HIM.

>> GUN CONTROL WAS KEY I

GOVERNOR CUOMO'S SPEECH.

>> I KNOW THE ISSUE OF GUN

CONTROL IS HARD.

I KNOW IT'S CONTROVERSIAL BU

WE ARE PROPOSING TODAY COMMO

SENSE MEASURES AND I SAY TO YO

FORGET THE EXTREMISTS!

NO ONE HUNTS WITH ASSAUL

RIFLE.

NO ONE NEEDS 10 BULLETS TO KIL

A DEER

AND TOO MANY INNOCENT PEOPLE

HAVE DIED ALREADY!

[ APPLAUSE ]

END THE MADNESS NOW!

>> NICK, LESS THAN A WEEK AFTE

HE SPOKE THOSE WORDS, HE SIGNE

INTO LAW SOME OF THE MOS

COMPREHENSIVE GUN CONTRO

LEGISLATION IN THE COUNTRY

HOW WAS HE ABLE TO GET IT PAST

THE LEGISLATURE SO QUICKLY AND

SHOULD HE HAVE

>> WELL, ALBANY IS NOT

WASHINGTON

IT'S A DEMOCRATIC STATE.

HE'S A DEMOCRATIC GOVERNOR

THERE ARE DEMOCRATIC MAJORITIE

IN THE ASSEMBLY AND THE SENATE

THERE ARE THE VOTES.

IT'S NOT SURPRISING THAT THE

WERE ABLE TO DO IT

THIS WAS SENTIMENT SUPPORTIN

IT

HE'S DOING WHAT THE VOTERS I

NEW YORK, MOST OF THEM ARE

ASKING FOR

>> ALFRED, GUN CONTROL I

POPULAR IN NEW JERSEY AS WEL

BUT GOVERNOR CHRISTIE DIDN'T

MENTION IT AT ALL IN HIS

SPEECH

THAT'S ONE OF THE THINGS H

DIDN'T MENTION

DIDN'T EVEN MAKE A REFERENCE T

NEWTOWN.

>> WELL, BUT I DON'T KNOW IF

IT'S AS POPULAR MAYBE IN NEW

JERSEY AS IT MAY BE IN PARTS O

NEW YORK

AND THERE IS A, YOU KNOW

RECOMMEND CAN GOVERNOR AND

DEMOCRATIC-CONTROLLE

LEGISLATURE.

THERE'S A TENSION BETWEE

GETTING ANYTHING DONE.

WHAT I FOUND TROUBLING IS THAT

IN NEW JERSEY, YOU ARE FINDING

MORE SCHOOL DISTRICTS NO

OPTING TO HIRE ARMED GUARDS.

I MEAN, THERE'S A WAVE OF THEM

IT HAPPENED IN THE LAST FE

WEEKS.

AND THAT'S SOMETHING THAT

THINK THE GOVERNOR, EVEN IF HE

WANTS TO BE SORT OF A CENTRIST

REPUBLICAN AND SAY, YOU KNOW

SMART, SENSIBLE GUN CONTROL,

WE'VE GOT STRONG LAWS IN NEW

JERSEY, WE NEED TO DO SOMETHIN

MORE TO STOP THE SORT OF SENSE

OF PANIC

>> BOTH OF THESE GUYS SEEM LIK

THEY ARE LOOKING AT THE 2016

PRESIDENTIAL RACE.

YOU THINK THEY ARE BEATING EAC

OTHER UP, BUT THEY ACTUALL

LIKE EACH OTHER AND WORKIN

WELL TOGETHER.

WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT THAT

NICK

>> THEY ARE GOVERNORS OF

NEIGHBORING STATES

THEY SHARE CONTROL OF THE PORT

AUTHORITY WHICH IS A

OPPORTUNITY THAT THEY'VE HAD T

WORK TOGETHER AND STUFF.

THEY HAVE A MUTUAL FOE IN MAYO

BLOOMBERG, WHO THEY HAVE NOT

GOTTEN ALONG TOGETHER WITH

THEY ARE RUNNING AGAINST THE

ENTRENCHED POLITICAL

ESTABLISHMENTS IN THEIR OW

STATE CAPITOLS

FOR CUOMO IT'S A REPUBLICAN AN

DEMOCRATIC ENTRENCHE

ESTABLISHMENT AND FOR CHRISTIE

IT'S DEMOCRATTING.

BUT STILL YOU HAVE THESE -

DEMOCRATIC

BUT YOU STILL HAVE THESE TWO

PEOPLE BRAWLING, AND THAT'

WHAT THEY HAVE IN COMMON I

THEIR OWN POLITICAL IDENTITY

>> THEY ARE BOTH STRON

INDIVIDUALS.

I DON'T KNOW IF WE HAD A STRON

NEW JERSEY GOVERNOR AND

STRONG NEW YORK GOVERNOR AT TH

SAME TIME.

AND I DON'T REMEMBER WHEN WE

HAD A NEW JERSEY GOVERNOR WH

CAN GET MORE NATIONAL PRES

THAN ANY GOVERNOR IN THE UNITE

STATES

I THINK THAT'S RECONFIGURING

IT

IF YOU ARE GUNNING FOR

PRESIDENT IN 2016, I THINK YOU

NEED TO BE SEEN AS THE PERSO

WHO CAN GET ALONG WITH THE

OTHER PARTY.

I THINK BOTH OF THEM ARE BEING

VERY SMART IN SAYING, LOOK AS

REPUBLICAN, I CAN GET ALON

WITH THE GOVERNOR OF NEW YORK,

THE PROGRESSIVE CAPITAL IF I

LISTENED TO HIS SPEECH

CORRECTLY, OF THE WORLD.

AND I THINK FOR CUOMO, I CAN

GET ALONG WITH THIS TOUGH GU

REPUBLICAN

>> OKAY.

ALL RIGHT, GUYS, THAT WILL HAV

TO BE IT

THANKS ALFRED.

THANKS, NICK

>> AND NOW, NEW JERSEY TODAY

MANAGING EDITOR MIKE SCHNEIDER

>> REBUILDING THE JERSEY SHORE

THIS IS AN IMPORTANT ECONOMI

ISSUE.

THERE'S A GROWING DEBATE OVE

HOW TO REBUILD AND FEMA HAS NO

ISSUED NEW FLOOD MAPS THAT

IMPACT VIRTUALLY EVERY

HOMEOWNER DOWN THE SHORE AND

ELSEWHERE.

WE TALKED ABOUT THAT WITH TH

DEPUTY FEDERAL COORDINATOR

BILL VOGEL

>> THIS IS THE RESULT OF A

LONG, ONGOING STUDY.

THE MAPS NEED TO BE UPDATED.

WITH THE NEW INFORMATION AND

THE DATA WE HAVE GOT, THIS

INFORMATION WILL ALLOW PEOPL

TO BUILD STRONGER AND BETTER

SHAPE SO THAT IF WE EVER HAV

TO HAVE AN EVENT LIKE THIS

THEY WILL BE ABLE TO SURVIVE

>> THIS SAYS YOU HAVE TO

ELEVATE YOUR HOMES IN FLOO

ZONES 1 TO 5 FEET, IS THAT

TRUE

>> IT COULD BE

THAT DEPENDS WHERE THA

STRUCTURE IS LOCATED AND THE

DEPENDENT UPON WHAT TH

CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN NOTED O

THE NEW ABFE, THEN THERE COULD

BE ELEVATIONS THAT HIGH.

>> IS THERE ANYTHING, FIRST OF

ALL, THIS IS NOT SOMETHING THA

I GUESS ANY FEDERAL PROGRAM IS

GOING TO HELP PEOPLE DO, RIGHT

THIS WOULD COME OUT OF THEIR

OWN POCKETS?

>> THERE ARE SOME PROGRAMS THA

WILL ASSIST THEM

CERTAINLY IT'S NOT GOING T

MAKE EVERYBODY WHOLE

IT WON'T BE ABLE TO PAY FOR TH

ENTIRE COST OF ELEVATING ANY O

THE STRUCTURES BUT THERE'S SOM

HELP THAT IS AVAILABLE

>> WHAT IS THE MOST SURPRISING

ASPECT OF THIS EXPERIENCE FO

YOU?

>> YOU KNOW, MIKE, I THINK WHA

SURPRISES ME THE MOST IS THE

GREAT EFFORT THAT 9 ENTIRE

FEDERAL AND STATE TEAM HAS DON

IN ORDER TO BE ABLE TO HEL

PEOPLE

WE HAVE HAD OVER 250,000 PEOPL

CALL AND REGISTER WITH FEMA.

WE'VE GOT ABOUT 56,000 OF THOS

PEOPLE APPROVED, AND WE HAVE

GIVEN OUT MORE THA

$330 MILLION FOR INDIVIDUA

ASSISTANCE

OUR EFFORTS HAVE STARTED IN TH

PUBLIC ASSISTANCE ARENA AND WE

HAVE -- WE HAVE GOT NEARLY

8,000 PROJECTS THAT WE WILL BE

ABLE TO HELP THE MUNICIPALITIE

WITH

>> 8,000

HOW DO YOU COORDINATE THAT

>> THERE ARE COORDINATORS THAT

WORK IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE

APPLICANTS AND THEY WORK

DIRECTLY WITH THOSE PEOPLE T

FIGURE OUT EXACTLY WHAT KIND

OF PROJECTS ARE GOING TO B

REQUIRED, AND THEN THEY SCOP

THAT PROJECT OUT AND CONDUCT

THE NECESSARY WORK AND THE

WE'RE ABLE TO REIMBURSE TH

STATE, WHO THEN PAYS EACH ON

OF THE APPLICANTS FOR THOS

PROJECTS

AND RIGHT NOW, THE COST SHAR

IS 25% FOR THE NONFEDERA

SHARE.

THE FEDERAL SHARE WILL PAY 75%

OF THOSE PROJECTS.

>> THE TEMPORARY SHELTERIN

PROGRAM, WE HAVE SEEN TH

TRAILERS

DO YOU HAVE ENOUGH OF THEM A

THIS POINT

>> WE HAVE PLENTY OF TEMPORARY

HOUSING UNITS AVAILABLE.

>> FORT MALLMOUTH, IS THAT

WORKING OUT?

>> WE ARE WORKING ON ANOTHER

BUILDING

WE ARE WORKING ON 21 OF TH

DUPLEXES THAT WILL BE AVAILABL

TO THEM BY THE END OF JANUARY.

>> HOW MUCH MORE DO YOU THIN

WILL BE BUILT OVER THERE

WE HEARD THAT THE NUMBER COULD

BE FAR GREATER THAN IT IS.

DO YOU THINK THAT'S NECESSARY?

>> I DON'T THINK IT'

NECESSARY.

I MEAN, WE'RE SEEING THE

NUMBERS OF PEOPLE THAT ARE I

THE TEMPORARY SHELTERING

PROGRAM DECREASE DAILY

AND THAT'S A GOOD SIGN

IT MEANS THEY HAVE FOUND

ANOTHER ALTERNATIVE HOUSIN

SOLUTION UNTIL THEY HAVE THEIR

PERMANENT HOUSING SOLUTION

TAKEN CARE OF.

SO I THINK THAT'S ALL A REAL

POSITIVE SIGN.

WE ARE WORKING REAL HARD WIT

THE STATE TO IDENTIFY ALL OF

THOSE NECESSARY FACILITIES FOR

PEOPLE

THE STATE DISASTER -- TH

STATE-LED HOUSING PROGRAM HA

BEEN WORKING OUT REAL WELL

WE HAVE A GREAT RELATIONSHIP

WITH THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY

IT'S A REAL PLEASURE BEING

HERE

AND ANOTHER THING I HAVE T

MENTION TO YOU IS THE GREA

EFFORT OF THE VOLUNTEE

AGENCIES

WE HAVE 425 DIFFERENT AGENCIES

ABOUT 15,500 PEOPLE, IT'S JUST

BEEN FANTASTIC

>> WE TALKED TO MANY OF THEM

AND WE WILL CONTINUE

WE APPRECIATE YOU TAKING THE

TIME TO COME ON AND GIVE US AN

UPDATE

>> THANKS, MIKE.

I APPRECIATE IT.

>> THIS YEAR MARKS THE

CENTENNIAL OF GRAND CENTRA

TERMINAL

ONE OF THE NEW YORK'S MOST

FAMOUS, AND MOST USED AND MOST

PHOTOGRAPHED BUILDINGS

GRAND CENTRAL CAME CLOSE T

BEING DEMOLISHED IN TH

1970S.

SAM ROBERTS TAKES ON THE STORY

AND THE HISTORY IN HIS NEW BOO

"GRAND CENTRAL, HOW A TRAI

STATION TRANSFORMED AMERICA.

SAM ROBERTS JOINS US NOW

>> THANK YOU

>> AND CONGRATULATIONS ON TH

BOOK

IT'S A WONDERFUL, WONDERFU

READ

>> THANK YOU SO MUCH

IT WAS FUN DOING

>> IT WAS FUN READING.

NOW, SAM, FROM READING YOU

BOOK, I LEARNED THAT THE FIRST

VERSION OF GRAND CENTRAL, GRAN

CENTRAL DEPOT WAS BILL IN 1871

SO WHY ARE WE CELEBRATING TH

CENTENNIAL THIS YEAR

>> WELL, THE DEPOT WAS 1871 AT

ROUGHLY THE SAME SITE.

THEN IT WAS FOLLOWED VER

BRIEFLY BY A STATION, AN

FINALLY, IN 1901, 1902, THEY

DECIDED TO BUILD A TERMINAL AN

THE TERMINAL, OF COURSE, WAS A

DESTINATION WHERE THE RAILROAD

ENDS

THE REASON WAS KIND OF B

ACCIDENT

>> LITERALLY

>> LITERALLY

THERE WAS A TRAGIC ACCIDENT IN

THE PARK AVENUE TUNNEL, A TRAI

COMING FROM NEW ROCHELLE, AN

THEY DECIDED THAT THEY HAD T

ELECTRIFY THE RAILROAD

THEY COULD NOT HAVE A SMOK

TUNNEL GOING THROUGH THE MIDDL

OF MANHATTAN

THEY COULD NOT HAVE IT GOING

THROUGH CARVED IN THE MIDDLE O

MANHATTAN, THAT BISECTED THE

CITY, AND DECIDED THEY WOULD

PUT ELECTROIFICATION IN.

THAT WOULD ALLOW THEM TO COVER

IT OVER AND BUILD A TWO-LEVE

STATION TERMINAL AND GRAND

CENTRAL ITSELF OPENED ON

FEBRUARY 2ND, 1913

>> THAT WAS QUITE AN INNOVATOR

AT THAT TIME

>> IT WAS INNOVATIVE

IT WAS INNOVATIVE ON MAN

LEVELS

>> THE ENGINEER WAS

VISIONARY.

AS I MENTIONED, THE TERMINAL

WAS ALMOST DEMOLISHED IN THE

1970S AND THEN A HUG

BUILDING WAS GOING TO BE PUT O

TOP OF WHAT WAS LEFT

WHAT STOPPED THAT FROM

HAPPENING?

>> WELL, WHAT STOPPED IT AND

THIS IS BASICALLY A BOOK ABOUT

PEOPLE AND ONE OF THE PEOPLE I

INVOLVED VERY IMPORTANTLY IS

JACKIE ONASSIS

HER ROLE IN TERMS OF LANDMARKS

PRESERVATION WAS ABSOLUTEL

CRUCIAL TO SAVING THE TERMINAL

THE CITY DECLARED IT A

LANDMARK

PENN CENTRAL SAID THIS I

RESTRICTING US FROM MAKING

MONEY.

WE CONDITION LIVE WITH THIS AN

IT WENT ALL THE WAY TO THE

UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT AN

THE CITY WON

>> NOW, AFTER THE TERMINAL WAS

SAVED, A LOT OF PEOPLE

WONDERED, HEY, WHAT DID WE

SAVE

IT WAS REALLY IN DILAPIDATED

CONDITIONS

WHAT LED TO THE RESTORATION AN

THE REITER ABOUT

-- REBIRTH

>> THIS IS PRIVATE/PUBLI

PARTNERSHIP.

A LOT OF MONEY RAISED PUBLIC

AND PRIVE A INVESTMENT, AN

THEY WANTED TO SUCCEED AND MAK

IT A DESTINATION AND MAKE IT A

PLACE NOT JUST FOR COMMUTERS

BUT COMMERCE AND THE LIKE.

AND A GREAT DEAL OF MONEY WA

SPENT TO PERFECT IT, TO MAKE I

ACTUALLY EVEN BETTER THAN TH

ORIGINAL VERSION THAT WAS BUIL

IN 1913.

>> WHAT WOULD NEW YORK CITY BE

WITHOUT GRAND CENTRAL?

>> WHEN YOU LOOK AT TH

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PEN

STATION, MUCH REVERED AND GRAN

CENTRAL.

GRAND CENTRAL HAD A MUCH

GREATER IMPACT ON URBA

MANNING, URBAN DEVELOPMENT

COMMANDER VANDERBILT BUILT

GRAND CENTRAL ALMOST NOWHERE

AND MIDTOWN CAME TO THE DOOR

STEP

MIDTOWN AND PARK AVENUE GREW

ALL BECAUSE OF GRAND CENTRAL

TERMINAL AND THAT'S WHAT I

TRIED TO SHOW IN THE BOOK.

IT WAS MUCH MORE THAN JUST A

TRANSPORTATION STORY

IT WAS A STORY ABOUT NEW YOR

CITY

>> BY THE WAY, WHO OWNS GRAN

CENTRAL TERMINAL NOW

>> GOOD QUESTION

YOU WOULD THINK IT WAS M.T.A

BUT IT'S PRIVATE

THE M.T.A. PAYS RENT TO THAT

DEVELOPER.

I DESCRIBE IN THE BOOK WHO THA

IS AND THERE'S AN OPTION TO BU

THE TERMINAL IN 2018

>> FINALLY THE QUESTION IN THE

SUBTITLE OF YOUR BOOK, HOW HAS

GRAND CENTRAL TRANSFORME

AMERICA?

>> WELL, IT MADE COMMUTING A

ROUTINE FOR PEOPLE

IT CREATED MIDTOWN

ELECTRICIFICATION, IT CREATE

THE CONCEPT OF LANDMARKING AND

IT CREATED THE CONCEPT OF AI

RIGHTS WHICH ALLOWED YOU T

BUILD OVER PROPERTY AND SELL

VALUABLE RIGHTS TO BUILD AND

DEVELOP AND ALL OF THAT IS

HAPPENING TO THIS VERY DAY

THE CITY IS CONSIDERIN

REZONING OF THE EAST SID

BECAUSE OF THE VALUE OF THOS

AIR RIGHTS

>> WELL, SAM, THANK YOU SO

MUCH

ONCE AGAIN, IT'S A WONDERFUL

BOOK

>> THANK YOU

>> FINALLY TONIGHT, WE HAD THE

STORY OF A COMMUNITY YOU

PROBABLY HAVEN'T NOTICED, THAT

IS STARTING TO TAKE TO THE

STREETS.

NEW YORK'S RUSSIAN IMMIGRANTS,

NOT KNOWN FOR MAKING POLITICAL

WAVES ARE PROTESTING WHAT THEY

DON'T LIKE ABOUT RUSSIA'

PRESIDENT PUTIN AND HI

GOVERNMENT AND THEY ARE DOIN

IT HERE IN THE HOPE THAT THE

WILL BE HEARD IN MOSCOW.

"THE NEW YORK TIMES" NATALYA

OSIPOVA REPORTS.

>> SVETLANA VAIS EMIGRATED T

THE UNITED STATES 20 YEARS AGO

SHE KEPT A CLOSE EYE ON RUSSIA

POLITICS BUT NEVER FELT A NEED

TO GET INVOLVED UNTIL LAST

YEAR

A POLITICAL AWAKENING IN RUSSI

SPARKED PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION

AND A CRACKDOWN ON THE

OPPOSITION HAS REACHED THE

IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY IN NEW

YORK

THIS IS A COMMUNITY NOT KNOW

FOR POLITICAL ACTIVISM

>> 24 YEARS OLD AND AT THI

POINT, I SPENT 13 YEARS OF M

LIFE IN THE UNITED STATES AN

11 YEARS OF MY LIFE IN RUSSIA.

I AM A FULL BLOWN RUSSIAN.

I DO NOT WANT TO CHANGE MY

CITIZENSHIP.

I CONSIDER MYSELF A HARD COR

PATRIOT.

I BECAME AN ORGANIZER BECAUS

THAT'S ALWAYS SOMETHING THAT

CAME REALLY NATURALLY TO ME.

>> OLGA GOLOVANOVA'S MOTHER IS

BACK IN RUSSIA WHERE SHE'S

EDITOR OF THE NEW TIMES, A

MAGAZINE CRITICAL OF THE

GOVERNMENT

MS. GOLOVANOVA MOVED TO NE

YORK OUT OF CONCERN FOR HE

SAFETY

HERE SHE'S IN THE LOCAL PROTES

MOVEMENT

>> THE PROTESTS IN NEW YOR

WERE INSPIRED BY DEMONSTRATION

IN MOSCOW, OVER ORGANIZATION

THAT RUSSIAN PARLIAMENTARY

ELECTIONS WERE RIGGED.

>> NEW YORK HAS MORE NATIV

RUSSIAN SPEAKERS THAN ANY OTHE

CITY IN THE UNITED STATES.

HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS.

NOT EVERYONE SEES THE POINT IN

ORGANIZING

THIS IS BRIGHTON BEACH

BROOKLYN, THE HEART OF THE

RUSSIAN SPEAKING COMMUNITY

>> THE LOCAL OPPOSITIO

MOVEMENT BEGAN ON FACEBOOK

IT MOSTLY ATTRACTED A YOUNG,

DIGITALLY SAVVY FOLLOWING.

IN FEBRUARY, THE NEW YOR

PROTESTERS BEGAN SUPPORTING

RUSSIAN PUNK ROCK GROUP.

ITS MEMBERS WERE ARRESTED AFTE

PERFORMING AND ATTACKING PUTIN

IN A MOSCOW CHURCH

>> IF YOU HAVE KIDS, IF YO

HAVE FRIENDS, IF YOU HAVE EVER

DONE ANYTHING SILLY, IF YO

WERE EVER IN YOUR 20S AN

DECIDED TO DO SOMETHING THAT

WASN'T THE BEST IDEA EVER, YOU

DIDN'T GO TO JAIL FOR IT

>> I DEFINITELY WANT TO LIVE I

RUSSIA AND RAISE MY KIDS I

RUSSIA, BUT THE RUSSIA THAT WE

HAVE RIGHT NOW IS NOT THE ON

THAT I WANT TO LIVE IN

THE ONE I WANT TO LIVE IN HA

AN ELECTED GOVERNMENT, HAS

MEDICAL ABILITIES, GREAT

EDUCATION, SOMEWHERE WHERE I

CAN GO OUT AND NOT BE WORRIE

THAT I WILL BE ARRESTED BECAUS

I'M A JEW OR IN THE OPPOSITION

MOVEMENT

>> IT'S VERY IMPORTANT TO WANT

TO BETTER YOUR COUNTRY TO BE

PART OF THE OPPOSITION

MOVEMENT

>> THAT'S IT FOR THIS EDITIO

OF METRO FOCUS

YOU CAN VISIT OUR WEBSITE,

METROFOCUS.ORG WHERE YOU WIL

FIND MORE FROM OUR INTERVIEW

WITH SAM ROBERTS AMONG OTHER

THINGS

IF YOU FOLLOW US ON TWITTER,

YOU CAN SHARE YOUR FIRST

EXPERIENCE OF GRAND CENTRAL.

THE GOOD NEWS LOOKING AT GRAND

CENTRAL TODAY HAS MADE ME

TRUE BELIEVER IN THE

POSSIBILITY THAT THINGS CA

ABSOLUTELY CHANGE FOR TH

BETTER

I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME.

FUNDING FOR THIS POSSIBLE HA

BEEN MADE POSSIBLE BY: