MetroFocus

FULL EPISODE

4/16: Pre-K, Human Trafficking, Animal Homes, Ceramic Art

Reviewing the first year of universal pre-K and looking at future early learning plans, Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance, Jr. on increased prosecution of human and sex trafficking, PBS Nature's "Animal Homes" and ceramic artist Matthew Wilson.

AIRED: April 16, 2015 | 0:27:16
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

>>> FROM THE WORLD'S LEADING

CENTER FOR FINANCE, THE ARTS

PUBLISHING, SCIENCE, RESEARCH,

MEDIA, INNOVATION AND MUCH MORE,

THIS IS "METROFOCUS" WITH RAFAEL

PI ROMAN AND TONIGHT WITH JACK

FORD

NOMINATED FOR TWO NEW YORK EMM

AWARDS FOR BEST INTERVIE

DISCUSSION PROGRAM AND FOR BES

COMMUNITY AFFAIRS SERIES

>> TONIGHT, PRE-K FOR ALL HEAD

INTO THE SECOND YEAR

AND MANHATTAN'S DISTRICT

ATTORNEY TACKLES HUMAN

TRAFFICKING.

>> WE TREAT IT LIKE A BUSINESS

CRIME NOW.

>> INSIDE ANIMAL HOMES

>> WHAT IF THEY WERE MADE BY

BEAKS OR PAWS, THESE HOMES HAV

A UNIVERSAL PURPOSE.

TO KEEP THEIR OWNERS SAFE FROM A

DANGEROUS WORLD.

>> AND MAKING CERAMIC WORKS OF

ART.

>> I'M REALLY INTERESTED IN WHAT

THE PURPOSE BEHIND THE OBJEC

IS

AND WHAT KIND OF SECRET IT MIGHT

HOLD

>> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM IS

PROVIDED BY THE FOLLOWING.

CORPORATE FUNDING FO

"METROFOCUS" IS PROVIDED B

MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

>> NEW YORK'S AMBITIOU

PREKINDERGARTEN PROGRAM CALLED

PRE-K FOR ALL IS ONE OF MAYO

BILL DE BLASIO'S TOP PRIORITIES.

THE CITY OFFERED 53,000 SEAT

FOR 4-YEAR-OLDS ALL AT NO COST

TO THEIR FAMILIES.

PLENTY OF PARENTS CONTINUED TO

PAY FOR PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS BUT

THE CITY WANTS TO BE SURE NO

CHILD IS LEFT OUT.

ANDREA VASQUEZ REPORTS ON TH

PLAN TO EXPAND THE MODEL

IT'S PART OF THE AMERICA

GRADUATE, A PROJECT MADE

POSSIBLE BY THE CORPORATION FO

PUBLIC BROADCASTING.

TO HELP LOCAL COMMUNITIES FIND

WAYS TO KEEP STUDENTS ON THE

PATH TO GRADUATION

>> ABCDEF --

>> TWINS RUBY AND MILA STARTED

AT EAST HARLEM AS 3-YEAR-OLDS.

>> THEY KNOW THEIR BASIC SHAPE

AND THE COLORS AND NUMBERS

THESE ARE SKILLS THEY NEED T

KNOW ENTERING KINDERGARTEN

>> NEXT YEAR AS 4-YEAR-OLDS THAT

I'LL QUALIFY FOR IN THE PRE-

FOR ALL PROGRAM.

THE GOAL IS TO ENROLL 70,000

4-YEAR-OLDS IN PRE-Ks AT DAY

CARES AND COMMUNITY BASE

ORGANIZATIONS.

>> WHEN I ARRIVED AT THE HARBO

IN 2011, WE WERE RUNNING

ESSENTIALLY A DAY CARE PROGRAM

HERE

AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT W

WANTED TO DO IN 2011 WAS BUILD A

PROGRAM THAT WOULD BUILD

KINDERGARTEN READINESS STUDENTS.

SO WE WERE AHEAD OF THE CURVE IN

TERMS OF TRANSFORMIN

PROGRAMMING AND TAKING A LOOK AT

COMMON CORE STANDARDS AN

PREPARING STUDENTS FOR

KINDERGARTEN

>> A LOT OF PARENTS HAVE SAI

THAT IF IT WASN'T FOR THE --

THEY WOULDN'T HAVE SENT THEM, AT

LEAST NOT THIS YEAR.

THEY WOULD HAVE WAITED UNTIL

KINDERGARTEN

>> THEY'RE LEARNING THEIR COLORS

AND NUMBERS AND LEARNING SOCIA

SKILLS LIKE HOW TO GET ALONG

WITH EACH OTHER AND HOW TO

FOLLOW DIRECTIONS.

>> CAN YOU SHOW ME WHAT YO

MADE

>> A SQUARE.

>> WE ARE DEVELOPING KID

COGNITIVELY AND PHYSICALLY AND

EMOTIONALLY FOR LIFE

ESSENTIALLY.

THERE ARE SKILLS IN EACH ONE O

THOSE CATEGORIES THAT MUST B

DEVELOPED AS STUDENTS GROW

>> HOW MANY OF YOU ARE HERE FROM

MANHATTAN?

OKAY

QUEENS

>> PARENTS OF NEXT YEAR'

4-YEAR-OLDS ARE GETTING READY TO

ENROLL

THEY HAVE QUESTIONS AND THEY'R

LOOKING FOR ANSWERS AT CIT

SPONSORED EVENTS AND

INFORMATIONAL SESSIONS LIKE THIS

ONE HOSTED BY THE NEW SCHOOL AND

THE EDUCATIONAL WEBSITE INSIDE

SCHOOLS.

>> BECAUSE THEY HAVE SO MANY

DIFFERENT PLACES FOR KIDS TO GO,

DIFFERENT KINDS OF PLACES,

TRYING TO GET A SEAT IS MUCH

MORE COMPLICATED THAN JUST GOING

TO YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD SCHOOL AN

SIGNING UP

>> IT'S NOT THAT EVERYBODY GET

THEIR ABSOLUTE TOP CHOICE.

THAT DOESN'T HAPPEN IN ANY PAR

OF THE SYSTEM BUT WE THINK W

CAN FIND SOMETHING THAT WORK

FOR THEM

>> PRE-K IS OPTIONAL BUT

EDUCATIONAL EXPERTS AND CITY

OFFICIALS SEE IT AS A WAY TO

REDUCE INCOME INEQUALITY B

OFFERING IT TO PARENTS WHO

COULDN'T AFFORD IT

>> AS A SYSTEM AND AS A CITY, WE

BELIEVE THAT IF MANY CHILDRE

PARTICIPATE IN THE FULL DA

PRE-K, WE'LL BE LAUNCHING THEM

ALL FOR SUCCESS IN SCHOOL AND IN

LIFE

AND IT REALLY DOES PROVIDE A

STRONG FOUNDATION FOR THE CITY

AS A WHOLE

>> PARENTS ARE ALSO LEARNING

THAT UNLIKE SOME DAY CARE AN

HALF DAY PROGRAMS, PRE-K FOR ALL

REQUIRES A FULL SIX HOUR AND 2

MINUTE SCHOOL DAY.

>> BEFORE A STUDENT CAN GO INT

THE KINDERGARTEN, THERE ARE

LOT OF BASIC SKILLS THAT KID

NEED TO KNOW

AND ONE OF THE MOST CRITICAL

AREAS IS LITERACY AN

VOCABULARY

AND KIDS GOING INTO PUBLIC

SCHOOLS TODAY, MANY OF THEM AR

ALREADY EXPERIENCING AN ACADEMIC

GAP.

>> THE HOPE IS THAT PRE-K FO

ALL WILL HELP JUMP START

STUDENTS ON THE PATH T

GRADUATION

IN EAST HARLEM, I'M ANDREA

VASQUEZ FOR "METROFOCUS.

>>> SINCE 2010, CYRUS VANCE JR

HAS BEEN THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY

IN MANHATTAN

DURING THAT TIME, HE'S BEE

RESPONSIBLE FOR A NUMBER O

INITIATIVES DESIGNED TO CREATE

INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO THE

STRUGGLE AGAINST CRIME

ONE OF THOSE INITIATIVES IT'

FOCUSED ON COMBATING HUMAN

TRAFFICKING.

CYRUS VANCE IS HERE TO TAL

ABOUT SOME OF THOSE.

I'M GOING TO GIVE YOU A NUMBER I

SAW IN PREPARATION FOR THIS.

I THOUGHT IT WAS ASTONISHING

THAT IS ON ANY GIVEN NIGHT I

NEW YORK STATE MORE THAN 4,000

UNDERAGED YOUTH ARE THE VICTIM

OF SEX TRAFFICKING

IS THAT NUMBER ACCURATE AND HO

DOES THAT HAPPEN

>> WE HAVE REALLY HAD TO RETHINK

AS PROSECUTORS THE ROLE IN

INVESTIGATING WHAT USED TO B

PROSTITUTION CASES

THEY'RE OFTEN YOUNG TEENAGER

COMING FROM DISADVANTAGED HOME

WITH SIGNIFICANT ADDICTION AND

OTHER PROBLEMS

AND THEY ARE BEING TRAFFICKED BY

PIMPS AND BROADER ORGANIZATION

TO LEVELS THAT WE REALLY HAV

NOT APPRECIATED.

SO IN THE DAYS WHEN I WAS

YOUNG ASSISTANT IN THE 1980s, WE

MIGHT ON A NIGHTTIME ARRAIGNMENT

SHIFT HANDLE 40 PROSTITUTION

CASES BUT WE DO NOTHING MORE

THAN PROCESS THOSE INDIVIDUALS

ANONYMOUSLY, LITERALLY, THROUG

THE COURTROOM.

>> AND THEY'RE ALL VIEWED AS

DEFENDANTS

>> THEY'RE ALL VIEWED AS

DEFENDANTS

TODAY, IT GOES TO A SPECIA

COURT AND OUR LAWYERS ARE TRYING

TO IDENTIFY OUT OF -- IN EVERY

CASE WHETHER THIS IS A SITUATION

OF SOMEONE WHO IS IN THE LIFE OF

PROSTITUTION AS AN ADULT

WILLINGLY OR IS IN THE LIFE OF

PROSTITUTION BECAUSE HE OR SHE

IS IN FACT BEING TRAFFICKED BY A

PIMP

WHAT WE SEE TRAGICALLY IS WHEN

YOU DIG INTO THE CASES, WHAT W

THOUGHT WERE PROSTITUTES A

CRIMINALS IN THE OLD DAYS ARE IN

FACT YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN WHO ARE

BEATEN, BRANDED WITH BAR CODES

TO DEMONSTRATE THEY'RE THE

PROPERTY OF THEIR PIMPS.

WE GO UP -- WE TREAT THE SEX

TRAFFICKING CASES LIKE A

BUSINESS CRIME NOW

SO OUR TOOLS ARE WIRETAPS,

FORENSIC ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL

INFORMATION SUCH AS FACEBOOK AND

THE LIKE

AND WE'VE COME TO RELY ON VERY

SOME OUT IN THE PUBLIC WHO ARE

SKEPTICAL, WHO WOULD LOOK AT

THIS AND SAY, THEY CAN WAL

AWAY

IF THEY DON'T WANT TO BE PART OF

THE SEX BUSINESS

SO THEY HAVE CHOSEN NOT TO WAL

AWAY

WHY SHOULD WE TREAT THEM A

VICTIMS RATHER THAN TREAT THEM

AS DEFENDANTS, GET THEM ALL OF

THE STREET BECAUSE IT WILL MAK

OUR QUALITY OF LIFE BETTER

WHAT'S THE ANSWER TO THAT?

>> THE ANSWER IS IF YOU WANT T

REDUCE PROSTITUTION I THINK YO

NEED TO REDUCE THE LIKELIHOO

THAT THAT MAN OR WOMAN WIL

CONTINUE IN PROSTITUTION AND I

YOU SIMPLY CYCLE A CASE THROUG

THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM WITH

THE TIME SERVED SENTENCE ON AN

ARREST, WHAT THAT PERSON WILL DO

IS GO BACK OUT INTO THE STREET

INTO THE LIFE HE OR SHE LIVES IN

WHICH IS ESSENTIALLY NO MONEY,

NO SUPPORT SERVICES AND THEY'R

GOING TO CONTINUE TO BE INVOLVED

IN PROSTITUTION.

OFTEN AS A TRAFFICKE

INDIVIDUAL

BUT IF YOU'RE ABLE TO INTERVEN

WHEN THEY COME INTO THE COUR

SYSTEM AND TRY TO IDENTIFY THOSE

WHO ARE ACTUALLY BEING

TRAFFICKED, WHO YOU CAN HELP T

PROVIDING AN ARRAY OF SERVICES

WE CAN PROVIDE, THEN YOU MAY I

FACT BE DOING TWO THINGS

NUMBER ONE, TAKING SOMEONE OFF

THE STREET TO ANSWER THE

QUESTION OF THE SKEPTIC AN

NUMBER TWO, TREATING THE

PROSTITUTED INDIVIDUAL AS -- A

A VICTIM AND SOMEONE WHO NEEDS

HELP

WE OPENED A SEX TRAFFICKING --

IN IT A NUMBER OF YEARS AGO, BUT

WITHIN THE LAST YEAR WE HAVE -

WE HAVE COME TO PARTNER ACTUALLY

INTERESTINGLY WITH DARPA, TH

DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARC

PROGRAM AS PART OF THE

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THEY

HAVE HELPED US USE A PROGRAM

CALLED MEMEX

IT'S A PRODUCT THAT ENABLES US

NOT JUST TO LOOK AT THE WEB AS

YOU AND I LOOK AT IT, THE 5% O

THE WEB THAT THE PEOPLE SEARCH

ON GOOGLE OR YAHOO! BUT THE 95

OF WHAT'S CALLED THE DEEP WEB.

AND IN THAT DEEP WEB IS A VAST

AMOUNT OF INFORMATION, SOME OF

IT RELATED TO HUMAN TRAFFICKIN

AND PROSTITUTION THAT WE CAN NOW

THROUGH MEMEX CRAWL OVER EVERY

SEVERAL HOURS AND PULL OUT FRO

THE DARK WEB INFORMATION RELATED

TO PROSTITUTING INDIVIDUALS,

BACK PAGE SEX TRAFFICKING, SEX

TOURISM, AND IT TAKES THAT

INFORMATION AND IS ABLE TO

ESSENTIALLY PUT IT IN A DATABASE

THAT WE CAN MANAGE

WE HAVE USED IT IN EIGHT POS

INDICTMENT PROSECUTIONS.

WE HAVE 20 ACTIVE SE

TRAFFICKING INDICTMENTS THAT USE

MEMEX.

YOU ASKED ME WHAT'S DIFFERENT?

WHAT'S DIFFERENT IS THE TOOLS WE

HAVE NOW ARE ACTUALLY ADAPTING

VERY WELL TO THE CRIMES THAT W

NOW SEE.

>> THERE WAS AN INTERESTIN

ARTICLE IN "THE NEW YORK TIMES

FAIRLY RECENTLY.

YOU WERE QUOTED AS TALKING ABOUT

THE DILEMMA IN THAT SOME PEOPL

ARE GETTING PULLED OUT OF THIS

TRAFFICKING WORLD, THE SEX

TRAFFICKING WORLD AND LOOKIN

TO -- OKAY, CREATE A NEW LIF

HERE

BUT THEY'RE FINDING THAT ALL O

THESE ARRESTS THAT THEY HAVE ARE

AN ABSOLUTE OBSTACLE TO IT

I KNOW YOUR OFFICE AND SOME OF

THE OTHER OFFICES ARE TRYING T

DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT.

WHAT ARE YOU DOING

>> "THE NEW YORK TIMES" ARTICL

YOU REFERENCED, I THINK WE WER

WORKING WITH DEFENSE COUNSEL I

THE COURT.

ONCE WE REALIZED WE HAD

TRAFFICKED INDIVIDUAL, WE MOVE

TO DISMISS THE NUMBER OF

CONVICTIONS THAT THIS WOMAN WA

CARRYING WITH HER ON HER RECOR

BECAUSE WE BELIEVED THAT SHE WAS

A VICTIM AND NUMBER TWO, W

BELIEVED SHE NEEDED A CLEA

SLATE IN ORDER TO GET A FRES

START.

SO I THINK TODAY IN 2015 WE LOOK

AT THINGS DIFFERENTLY.

APPROPRIATELY THAN WE DID IN

1982

WHEN YOU DIDN'T REALLY HAVE TH

TIME TO MAKE INDIVIDUA

INVESTIGATIONS ON THE SMAL

CASES, AND BY SMALL I MEAN THE

MINOR ARRESTS.

THE TRUTH IS IF YOU WANT T

FIGHT CRIME AND YOU WANT TO HAVE

SUCCESS LONG TERM YOU HAVE T

PAY ATTENTION TO THE MISDEMEANOR

CASES JUST LIKE YOU HAVE TO PA

ATTENTION TO THE FELONY CASE

BECAUSE THESE MISDEMEANOR CASE

OFTEN ESCALATE FROM MISDEMEANO

PROSTITUTION TO PERHAPS SH

EBEING THE VICTIM OF A -- SH

BEING A VICTIM OF A FELONY

ASSAULT OR HOMICIDE.

WE HAVE HAD SERIOUS ASSAULTS O

TRAFFICKED INDIVIDUALS THAT HAVE

RESULTED IN SERIOUS PHYSICAL

INJURY

>> AS YOU SAID, A DIFFEREN

WORLD FOR PROSECUTORS COMBATIN

CRIMES

CYRUS VANCE, THANKS.

>> THANKS VERY MUCH.

>>> WHETHER IT'S A BIRD'S NEST

A BEAR DEN, A BEAVER LODGE OR

SPIDER WEB, HUMANS CAN LEARN A

LOT FROM THE OFTEN INGENIOUS

INNOVATIONS OF ANIMAL ARCHITECTS

IN THE WILD.

THESE ARE THE SUBJECT OF

NATURE'S THREE-PART SERIES

"ANIMAL HOMES.

LET'S TAKE A LOOK.

>> THEY'RE OUR PLANET'S FIRS

BUILDERS, CRAFTING HOMES O

SPECTACULAR DESIGN IN EVER

CORNER OF THE GLOBE.

SOME ARE ELEGANTLY SIMPLE.

OTHERS SURPRISINGLY COMPLEX.

SO IT LOOKS LIKE A TEENAGERS

BEDROOM FROM THE OUTSIDE, BUT IF

YOU CUT IT DOWN FROM THE

INSIDE -

>> WHAT IF THEY WERE MADE OF

BEAKS AND PORES THEY HAVE

UNIVERSAL PURPOSE -- TO KEEP

THEIR OWNERS SAFE FROM THE

DANGEROUS WORLD AS THEY GIVE

BIRTH AND RAISE A FAMILY

THAT MAKES A PERFECT BEAR HOME

IT'S SECURE, IT'S DRY.

OUR STORY STARTS WITH THE MOST

PROLIFIC OF BUILDERS

A BIRD'S NEST IS NO SIMPLE

MATTER

MUST MATCH THE MAKEUP, LARGE O

SMALL.

WHETHER FROM COARSE RED CLAY O

THE FINEST SILKEN DREADS AND I

TURNS OUT THAT THE QUEST FOR

REAL ESTATE IN THE WILD IS ALL

ABOUT THE SAME THINGS WE VALUE

THE MOST -- LOCATION, LOCATION

LOCATION

A STRATEGIC LOCATION IN SPACE.

AND A PRECISE LOCATION IN TIME

THESE ARE THE ESSENTIAL MUST

HAVES OF JUST THE RIGHT HOME

>> AND JOINING US NOW FOR AN

INSIDE LOOK AT ANIMAL HOMES IS

NATURE'S EXECUTIVE PRODUCER FRED

KAUFMAN.

WELCOME.

>> THANKS.

>> THIS IS AN AMAZING SERIES

HOW DID IT COME ABOUT?

>> WELL, BELIEVE IT OR NOT, MY

WIFE IS A BIG FAN OF HGTV, AND

WHENEVER I WOULD LOOK AT IT AN

I WOULD CATCH IT, I WOULD THIN

THE SAME PRINCIPLES REALLY D

APPLY IN THE ANIMAL WORLD.

THE IDEA OF HOME, THE IDEA O

NEIGHBORHOOD, THE IDEA OF THES

STRUCTURES, BUILDING MATERIALS

AND I THOUGHT LET'S TAKE A LOO

AT SOME OF THESE AMAZING NESTS

AND BURROWS AND STRUCTURES AND

HOW THEY'RE BUILT AND WHAT THE

MEAN

>> HOW DID YOU MANAGE TO GET S

CLOSE TO THE STRUCTURES?

I MEAN, SOME ARE MINUSCULE

>> WELL, I'LL GIVE YOU A LITTL

SECRET ABOUT HOW WE WORK

WHATEVER WE DO, WE'RE ALWAYS

WORKING WITH SCIENTISTS AN

RESEARCHERS.

THEY REALLY TELL US WHERE TO GO,

SOME OF THESE ANIMALS.

AND IN SOME CASES, AND IN TH

CASE WITH THE HUMMINGBIRD, THA

PARTICULAR BIRD WAS ACCUSTOMED

TO A BIT OF ACTIVITY AROUND IT

FROM RESEARCHERS AND TRAFFIC

NOISE AND SO WE FELT WE CAN GE

A LITTLE BIT CLOSER TO THA

BIRD

BUT ALL THESE ANIMALS HAVE

DISTINCT PERSONALITIES

SOME WILL ALLOW YOU TO GET CLOSE

AND IN THE CASE WITH OTHER

HUMMINGBIRDS WE HAVE TO STAY

FURTHER BACK

>> TALK ABOUT CHRIS MORGAN THE

HOST

HE WAS TERRIFIC IN THIS SERIES

WHAT DO YOU THINK WAS HI

CONTRIBUTION TO THE SERIES

>> YOU KNOW, FROM THE VERY

BEGINNING WE THOUGHT WE'D LOOK

AT ALL OF THESE HOMES IN

NEIGHBORHOODS.

WE NEED A REAL ESTATE AGENT.

YOU KNOW, WE NEED SOMEBODY T

SHOW UP ON LOCATION AND ASSESS

THE AREA AND WE WANTED TO GE

SOMEBODY TO ALSO HAVE A SENSE OF

SCALE.

SO, YOU KNOW, IF YOU'RE STANDING

ON A BEAVER DAM OR ON A BEAVER

LODGE, YOU SEE THE SORT OF

COMPLEXITY AND THE SIZE OF IT.

AND ALSO WHEN HE'S HOLDING A

NEST, YOU COULD SEE JUST REALL

HOW BIG OR SMALL IT IS

FOR EXAMPLE, HE HOLDS

HUMMINGBIRD NEST IN HIS HAND AND

IT COULD FIT IN YOUR HAND.

>> SOME ANIMALS RECONSTRUCT TH

WHOLE NEIGHBORHOOD BEFORE THEY

REBUILD THEIR HABITAT AND SOME

LOOK LIKE THEY'RE LEARNING A

THEY'RE GOING.

SO ARE WE JUST TALKING ABOUT

INSTINCT HERE OR IS INTELLIGENCE

INVOLVED

>> THAT'S REALLY THE BIG

QUESTION

IT'S INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR.

THESE STRUCTURES THEY'RE HAR

WIRED TO BUILD

A BIRD IS NOT TAUGHT TO BUILD,

IT'S HARD WIRED TO BUILD

BUT GETTING IT DONE WITHIN A

CERTAIN TIME PERIOD, THERE ARE

COUNTLESS DECISIONS THAT HAVE TO

BE MADE.

WE DON'T HAVE THE ANSWER T

THAT

THE IDEA OF IT BEING A HAR

WIRED BEHAVIOR AND YET AT TH

SAME TIME, YOU'RE GOING OFF.

YOU'RE BRINGING TWIGS AN

BRANCHES, YOU'RE CONSTRUCTIN

IT

YOU'RE GOING ON FOR DAYS AND

HOURS BUILDING AND YOU KNOW WHEN

TO STOP.

>> I HAVE TO ASK YOU ABOUT THE

WOOD RAT

APTLY CALLED THE PACK RAT.

>> RIGHT

>> HERE IS AN ANIMAL THA

COLLECTS USELESS STUFF AS THEY

BUILD THEIR HOMES.

WHY DO THEY DO IT AND ARE THER

ANY OTHER ANIMALS THAT DO IT

BESIDES HUMAN BEINGS

>> WELL, WE DON'T KNOW

IT'S PURELY DECORATIVE

THEY WILL GO OUT AND THEY LIKE

PARTICULARLY SHINY THINGS.

COINS OR BOTTLE CAPS AND THE

BRING IT BACK TO THEIR HOME.

IT HAS NO EVOLUTIONARY PURPOSE

WE DON'T KNOW WHY THEY DO IT

THERE'S A BIRD IN AUSTRALIA THAT

ACTUALLY TAKES FLOWER PETALS AND

THINGS LIKE THAT TO DECORATE ITS

HOME, BUT THE PACK RAT DON'T

KNOW WHY IT DOES IT.

IT'S PURELY DECORATIVE

LIKE US, WE LIKE NICE THINGS I

OUR HOMES.

SHINY THINGS

THEY DO TOO.

>> AND TALK ABOUT TH

INTELLIGENCE OF -- THE POSSIBL

USE OF INTELLIGENCE.

THERE'S A HUMMINGBIRD CALLED THE

BLACK CHIN HUMMINGBIRD THA

BUILDS ITS NEST UNDER A HAWK'S

NEST

HOW DOES IT KNOW THAT THE HAWK

WON'T KILL IT?

>> IT'S ABOUT NEIGHBORHOOD

HUMMINGBIRD -- THIS PARTICULAR

HUMMINGBIRD WILL NEST IN THE

SAME TREE AS A HAWK.

AND YOU THINK WHY WOULD IT D

THAT

WHY WOULDN'T THE HAWK JUST SWOOP

DOWN, KILL IT AND EAT IT

WELL, IN FACT, THE HUMMINGBIRD

IS JUST TOO SMALL AND NOT ENOUGH

OF A MEAL FOR THE HAWK

SO WHAT IT DOES, IT NESTS IN

THIS TREE.

THE HAWK JUST BY IT BEING THER

SCARES AWAY THE OTHER PREDATOR

THAT MIGHT FEED ON THI

HUMMINGBIRD AND THIS HUMMINGBIRD

LIVES HAPPILY EVER AFTER

DOES IT KNOW THAT THE HAWK IS IN

THE TREE

PROBABLY NOT

THIS WAS A SAFE NESTING SITE S

IT RETURNS TO IT

>> WE HAVE A MINUTE LEFT

I HAVE TO ASK YOU, WHAT DOES THE

WAY THAT THE ANIMALS CONSTRUCT

THEIR HABITAT AND OVERCOME

OBSTACLES TEACH US AS HUMA

BEINGS

>> ANIMALS WERE THE FIRS

BUILDERS

THEY WERE DOING IT BEFORE WE

WERE

BUT ESSENTIALLY, THEY DO I

FOR -- THE REASON WE DO IT A

WELL

AND WHEN WE HAVE OFF SPRING,

WHEN WE HAVE A BABY, WHAT'S TH

MOST IMPORTANT THING TO US

TO MAKE SURE THAT CHILD IS

PROTECTED.

TO MAKE SURE IT'S IN A SAF

PLACE.

YOU KNOW, WHERE NOTHING WILL GET

AT IT.

WHERE NOTHING WILL HURT IT

WELL, ANIMALS TOO, PARTICULARL

BIRDS.

THE REASON I THAT CONSTRUC

THESE NESTS -- NOT FOR

PROTECTION FROM THE ELEMENTS

BUT TO HOUSE THE EGGS AND THEN

WHEN THE CHICKS COME OUT

THEY'RE SAFE

THEY'RE WARM AND SECURE.

THAT'S THE REASON THEY D

EVERYTHING

IT'S REALLY FOR THE NEXT

GENERATION TO MAKE SURE THEY'R

SAFE

>> ALL RIGHT, FRED, THANK YOU SO

MUCH

>> THANKS.

>>> AND FINALLY TONIGHT, A LOO

INSIDE THE STUDIO OF MATTHEW

WILSON A CERAMIC ARTIST IN NEW

YORK

WSKG INTRODUCED US TO HIM IN HIS

CLAY WORKS OF ART.

>> THE PROCESS I THINK IS TH

MOST EXCITING PART OF CLAY AND

THERE'S CERTAIN STAGES AND ALL

OF IT IS TIMED OUT

SO THERE'S SOME PARTS OF CLA

THAT YOU CAN'T WORK WITH UNTIL

IT'S READY FOR YOU TO WORK WIT

IT AND THAT'S DIFFERENT THAN

MOST MEDIUMS

BEING ABLE TO OPEN UP THAT KIL

FOR THE FIRST TIME AND SEE, YO

KNOW, WHAT KIND OF COLORS, WHA

TYPE OF GLAZE.

SO I THINK IT'S A LOT MORE

EXCITING AND I FIND THE PROCES

OF ACTUALLY CREATING SOMETHING

WITH YOUR HANDS THAT YOU CAN

LATER USE FOR FUNCTIONAL STUFF

IS WHY I'M DRAWN TO IT

I'M DOING SORT OF MIDWESTERN

POTTERY RIGHT NOW.

IN THE CLAY WORLD THERE'S TW

DIFFERENT TYPES OF ART

THERE'S FUNCTION AND THE

THERE'S SCULPTURE.

WHEN I MAKE A PIECE, I TRY T

KEEP THAT IN MIND AS I START S

IS THIS SOMETHING THAT I WANT,

AM I ABLE TO EAT OFF, SOMETHIN

I WANT TO HANG, IS IT TO LOO

NICE

MY FAVORITE STYLE TO WORK WITH

IS FUNCTIONAL.

I REALLY LIKE BEING ABLE TO HAVE

YOUR EVERYDAY PERSON SAY WOW

THAT'S GREAT

I WOULD LOVE TO USE THAT, IT

WOULD LOOK PERFECT ON MY TABLE

I'M DRAWN TO BASES AND VESSELS

AND I LIKE TEAPOTS

A LOT OF TIMES I'LL TAKE THOSE

IDEAS AND MAKE THEM COMPLETELY

UNFUNCTIONAL

SO I DO A SERIES OF TEAPOT

WHERE I MAKE THEM WITH HOLES O

A DESIGN WHERE YOU CAN'T USE

THEM, BUT THEY STILL REFERENCE

IT ENOUGH THAT PEOPLE WILL

UNDERSTAND THAT IT'S A TEAPO

SCULPTURE.

I REALLY AM INTERESTED IN WHAT

THE PURPOSE BEHIND AN OBJECT IS.

AND WHAT KIND OF SECRETS I

MIGHT HOLD OR WHAT CAN MOVE,

WHAT CAN COME OUT OF IT.

SO THE IDEA OF HAVING TH

VESSELS, I THINK IS EXCITING

BECAUSE IT COULD REALLY HOLD

ANYTHING AND IT CHANGES,

DEPENDING ON WHO BUYS THE PIEC

OR WHO IT'S MADE FOR

SO I THINK IT'S VERY INTERESTING

TO WORK WITH THAT FORM, TH

VESSEL

>> OKAY.

>> REALLY LONG PROCESS, AND IT'S

VERY HARD TO MASTER BECAUSE SO

MANY ELEMENTS WORK INTO IT

EVEN THE TEMPERATURE CHANGE, HOW

MUCH MOISTURE IS IN THE ROOM, IF

TWO PIECES AREN'T MATCHING THE

SAME THICKNESS THEY'LL CRACK O

IT WILL FALL OFF

THERE'S SO MANY THINGS THAT CA

GO WRONG AND THAT'S WHY IT'S S

FRUSTRATING.

BUT AT THE SAME TIME, WHEN I

ALL LINES UP AND COMES OUT

GREAT, THAT'S THE FEELING I LOOK

FOR.

I DON'T THINK A LOT OF THE OTHER

ARTS CAN GIVE YOU THAT SAM

FEELING LINE I GOT IT ALL DOWN

I GOT IT EXACTLY WHERE IT'

SUPPOSED TO GO THAT'S WHY

MAINLY WORK IN THIS.

WELL, WHAT I ENJOYED ABOUT

WORKING WITH CLAY IS EVERYTHING.

THE WHOLE PROCESS BEHIND IT.

GETTING YOUR HANDS DIRTY

BEING ABLE TO TAKE SOMETHING

THAT A NORMAL PERSON WOULD LOO

AT AS NOTHING MORE THAN DIRT O

SOMETHING THAT'S IN THE GROUND

AND WHAT I LOVE ABOUT CLAY IS IT

CAN TAKE THE SHAPE OF EVERYTHING

AND ANYTHING, REALLY THE SKY I

THE LIMIT.

YOU HAVE THE TECHNIQUE AND YOU

HAVE THE INSPIRATION TO DO IT.

AND I LOVE THE -- THAT IT HA

THE ABILITY TO CREATE SOMETHIN

OUT OF NOTHING REALLY.

AND I HAVE ALWAYS BEEN DRAWN T

3-D AND I JUST LOVE TH

INTERACTION WHERE YOU HAVE TO GO

AROUND IT TO VIEW IT, WHERE YO

CAN HOLD IT, WHERE IT'

TANGIBLE

THERE'S ALWAYS THAT ELEMENT OF

THIS COULD BREAK, THIS COULD -

SOMETHING COULD GO WRONG

I SEE THAT KEEPS THE VIEWER

LITTLE ON EDGE

I REALLY LIKE ARCHITECTURE AND A

LOT OF THE ELEMENTS THAT I HAV

SEEN IN EUROPEAN ARCHITECTURE

TRY TO PULL INTO MY WORK AND

JUST BEING EXPOSED TO ALL THAT

REALLY CHANGES YOUR MINDSET AN

HOW YOU VIEW DIFFERENT TYPES O

ART.

SO MY WORK A LOT I TRY TO TAKE

WHAT I HAVE IN MY REGULAR EVER

DAY LIFE AND THEN MIX IT UP WITH

THINGS THAT ARE FOREIGN TO M

VIEWER, THAT I HAVE EXPERIENCE

AS WELL AS BROUGHT

WHAT INSPIRES ME IS EVERYTHING

THAT'S AROUND ME

AND I FIND CERAMICS VERY

RELAXING

WHEN I -- I TRY TO SORT OF CLEAR

EVERYTHING OUT OF MY MIND AN

JUST PULL WHAT I WANT OUT OF I

AND USUALLY IT WILL BE A DESIG

THAT I HAVE BEEN THINKING ABOU

FOR A WHILE.

AND THEY COME FROM ALL SORTS O

PLACES SO I CAN LOOK INTO MY

EVERYDAY ENVIRONMENT AND DECID

THAT I WANT TO DO, YOU KNOW,

WINGS, LIKE A BIRD THAT I SAW.

I'LL ADD WINGS ON.

I'LL HAVE IT PLANNED OUT AND

THEN CLEAR EVERYTHING OUT AN

SAY TODAY I'M GOING TO MAKE

WING VASE AND GO THROUGH ALL THE

STEPS.

IT'S VERY THERAPEUTIC IN THE WAY

THAT I WORK AND THAT'S ONE O

THE REASONS I ENJOY IT SO MUCH

IT'S HARD TO SAY WHERE ALL O

THE IDEAS COME FROM BECAUSE

LOT OF TIMES IT'S JUST -

THEY'RE THERE.

I THINK THAT'S JUST PART O

BEING CREATIVE AND BEING ABLE TO

BRING IDEAS TOGETHER EVEN THOUGH

YOU MIGHT NOT NECESSARILY KNOW

WHERE THEY COME FROM

AND I THINK IT'S A LOT OF PEOPLE

THEIR MINDS WORK THIS WAY BU

THEY'RE NOT ABLE TO TRAIN IT

INTO SOMETHING AND I LIKE HAVING

THE OUTLET THAT I CAN TAKE THE

IDEAS AND DO SOMETHING WIT

THEM

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