Journey Indiana

S3 E23 | FULL EPISODE

Episode 324

Coming to you from the Harrison Center in Indianapolis...Brood X is here - learn all about our new noisy neighbors; take a break from the bugs at St. Benedict’s Brew Works; and learn all about Indiana's official state insect - the firefly.

AIRED: June 01, 2021 | 0:26:46
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

>> PRODUCTION SUPPORT FOR

"JOURNEY INDIANA" IS PROVIDED

BY:

>> COMING UP, BRUTE X IS HERE.

LEARN ABOUT OUR NEW NOISY

NEIGHBORS.

>> TAKE A BREAK FROM THE BUGS

AND GRAB A BEER AT

ST. BENEDICTS.

>> AND LEARN ALL ABOUT INDIANA'S

OFFICIAL STATE INSECT THE

FIREFLY.

>> THAT'S ALL ON THIS EPISODE OF

"JOURNEY INDIANA."

>> WELCOME TO "JOURNEY INDIANA,"

I'M ASHLEY CHILLA.

>> AND I'M BRANDON WENTZ AND

WE'RE COMING TO YOU FROM THE

HARRISON CENTER LOCATED IN

INDIANAPOLIS' OLD NORTHSIDE

NEIGHBORHOOD, THE HARRISON

CENTER USES ARTS AND CULTURE TO

TELL THE STORY OF INDY'S URBAN

NEIGHBORHOODS.

THROUGHOUT THIS SPRAWLING

COMPLEX, YOU WILL FIND

GALLERIES, STUDIOS AND

PERFORMANCE SPACES AND MUCH

MORE.

AND LATER WE WILL MEET AN ARTIST

WHO CALLS THE HARRISON CENTER.

FIRST, WE WAITED 17 YEARS AND

LOVE 'EM OR HATEM, THEY ARE

FINALLY HERE.

PRODUCER JOHN TIMM HAS THE STORY

OF BROOD X.

>> BROOD X IS GOING TO BE ONE OF

THE GREAT NATURAL PHENOMENONS

THAT WE WILL BE ABLE TO WITNESS.

IT'S WHEN THE CICADAS EMERGES

FROM THE GROUND AFTER BEING IN

THE GROUND FEEDING ON ROOTS FOR

17 YEARS AND THEY ALL COME OUT

AT ONCE.

THE ADULTS WHEN THEY EMERGE

AFTER THEY HAVE COME UP OUT OF

THE GROUND, THEY MATE AND THEN

THE FEMALE LAYS HER EGGS IN THE

STEMS OF TREES.

THOSE IMMATURE CICADAS THEN

MIGRATE DOWN TO THE SOIL.

THEY BURROW INTO THE SOIL AND

THEY BEGIN FEEDING ON THE ROOTS

AND THEY DO THAT FOR 17 YEARS.

AFTER 17 YEARS, KIND OF ALL AT

ONCE, THEY EMERGE AND THEY CRAWL

UP AND THEN THEY COME OUT OF

THEIR PUPIL SHELL.

AT THAT POINT, THEY ARE ADULTS

AGAIN AND THEN THEY MATE.

AND SO THAT'S THE LIFE CYCLE.

IT'S JUST AN AMAZING THING TO

WITNESS, AND WE WITNESS IT WITH

ALMOST ALL OF OUR SENSES.

WE CAN WATCH THEM.

WE CAN HEAR THEM.

THEY ARE EXTREMELY LOUD.

TOWARDS THE END OF THEIR TIME

HERE, WE CAN EVEN SMELL THEM.

FOR SOME OF US DARING FOLKS, WE

CAN TASTE THEM.

THE REASON THAT THEY EMERGE ALL

AT ONCE, ENTOMOLOGISTS THEORIZE

AND I AGREE WITH THEM ON THIS,

THEY COME OUT ALL AT ONCE AS A

MATTER OF SURVIVAL.

THEY EMERGE ALL AT ONCE TO

OVERWHELM THE PREDATION THAT'S

GOING TO OCCUR ON THEM.

ALL THE ANIMALS OUT THERE THAT

EAT BUGS LOVE IT WHEN THEY COME

OUT AND SO -- AND THAT INCLUDES

MAMMALS AND BIRDS AND OTHER

INSECTS AND SO THERE'S AN

EXTREME AMOUNT OF PREDATION, BUT

THERE'S SO MANY OF THEM THAT

THEY ARE ABLE TO OVERWHELM THAT

PREDATION, AND THAT'S HOW THEY

SURVIVE, AS A SPECIES.

IT'S AN AMAZING FEAT OF

EVOLUTION.

THERE'S A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT

BROODS.

SOME OF THEM COME OUT EVERY 13

YEARS AND SOME OF THEM COME OUT

EVERY 17 YEARS.

THERE'S A DIFFERENT GENOUS ALL

TOGETHER THAT COMES OUT EVERY

YEAR THAT WE HEAR TYPICALLY IN

LATE JULY AND AUGUST.

THE CICADAS THAT WE HAVE HERE

ARE VERY LOUD!

IT'S LIKE STANDING NEXT TO A

RUNNING LAWN MOWER.

I MEAN, RIGHT NEXT TO IT!

AND SO YOU CAN IMAGINE TRYING TO

HAVE A CONVERSATION, HAVING A

WEDDING CEREMONY, WITH THAT KIND

OF NOISE.

THE MALE MAKES THE NOISE.

THE FEMALES DON'T MAKE THE

NOISE.

AND THE MALES HAVE THIS

STRUCTURE CALLED A TIMBAL WHICH

IS ON THEIR UNDERSIDE COMBINED

WITH AN AIR SACK AND THEY ARE

ABLE TO MAKE THIS NOISE.

YES, THEY ARE VERY LOUD.

AND THEY ARE BIG BUGS, WHICH

SCARES PEOPLE, OKAY?

BUT ON THE POSITIVE SIDE, THEY

PROVIDE A BOOM TO THE NATURAL

WORLD.

THERE'S SO MUCH BIOMASS THAT

THAT IS OUT THERE, WHERE ALL THE

ANIMALS ARE GETTING THEIR FILL.

AND THAT'S A GREAT THING.

AND NOT TO MENTION, THE BIOMASS

IN WHATEVER FORM, WHETHER IT'S

THE DEAD INSECT ITSELF, OR AS IT

GOES THROUGH ANOTHER ANIMAL,

THAT IN ITSELF ACTUALLY HELPS

FERTILIZE.

I SEE IT AS AN OVERALL GOOD

THING, AND, OF COURSE, FOR, YOU

KNOW, BUG PEOPLE LIKE ME, IT'S A

GREAT THING.

YOU KNOW, AT FIRST, WE WILL GO

HUNTING FOR THEM.

AND THEN WE WON'T NEED TO

BECAUSE THEY ARE GOING TO BE

EVERYWHERE!

IT STARTS OUT AND IT'S -- IT'S

RELATIVELY SLOW.

IT TAKES A WEEK OR TWO, YOU KNOW

TO REALLY WHERE WE NOTICE A LOT

OF THEM.

AND THEN THAT WILL PROBABLY BE

AROUND FOR, I WOULD SAY, TWO TO

THREE WEEKS, AND THEN IT WILL

START WANING OFF.

I WOULD SAY THAT WE'RE GOING TO

BE LIVING WITH THEM FOR AROUND A

MONTH, WHICH I AM VERY MUCH

LOOKING FORWARD TO AS AN

ENJOYABLE MONTH FOR MYSELF.

LOOK ON THE LOWER TRUNKS OF THE

TREES, AND YOU WILL SEE THE

SHELLS, AND IF YOU GO OUT IN

THE -- IN THE NIGHTTIME OR VERY

EARLY MORNING, YOU WILL SEE THEM

EMERGING FROM THOSE SHELLS.

THEY ARE KIND OF GREENISH AT

THAT TIME, UNTIL THEY GET WHAT

WE CALL KITENNIZED WHERE THE

BLOOD GETS INTO THEIR WINGS AND

THAT.

YOU SEE THEM EVERYWHERE.

THE LAST TIME IN 2004, I KNOW

THAT MY FAMILY COULD BE TAKING A

WALK DOWN THE STREET, AND TWO OR

THREE CICADAS AT LEAST, WOULD

NIGH AND LAND ON US.

WE DIDN'T HAVE TO GO LOOKING FOR

THEM.

SOMEHOW THEY DIDN'T APPRECIATE

IT AS MUCH AS I DID, BUT IT WAS

FUN.

THEY ARE BASICALLY VERY

FRIENDLY.

YOU CAN HANDLE THEM.

ON THE OTHER HAND, THERE ARE

SOME RECIPES THAT ARE OUT THERE,

WHERE YOU CAN COOK UP CICADAS.

IN THE SPIRITUAL SENSE TO THINK

ABOUT THIS HAPPENS EVERY 17

YEARS IN MY LIFE.

SO I WILL GO THROUGH THREE OF

THEM, MAYBE FOUR, AND WHAT HAS

HAPPENED IN THOSE 17 YEARS?

AND YET HERE THEY ARE AGAIN.

AND IT'S -- TO ME, IT'S JUST A

TESTIMONY OF HOW NATURE

BASICALLY JUST KEEPS GOING

ALONG.

IT WILL BE 17 YEARS BEFORE WE

SEE THEM AGAIN.

IT'S JUST THE COOLEST THING.

>> SO WE'RE CURIOUS, WHAT IS THE

CICADA SITUATION LIKE IN YOUR

NECK OF THE WOODS.

YOU CAN LET US KNOW AT "JOURNEY

INDIANA"'S FACEBOOK PAGE.

EARLIER WE CAUGHT ONE ALLISON

FORD WHO SETS UP SHOP HERE IN

THE HARRISON CENTER.

>> I ALWAYS HAD ART IN MY LIFE.

IT BECAME SOMETHING THAT WHEN I

WAS 25, 26, 27, YOU ARE DONE

WITH COLLEGE AND YOU ARE WORKING

YOUR JOB AND YOU'RE LIKE, WELL,

IS IN WHAT I'M GOING TO DO

FOREVER?

YOU KNOW?

SO I STARTED LOOKING FOR WAYS TO

EXPRESS MY CREATIVITY AND KIND

OF HARKEN BACK TO THINGS I HAD

REALLY ENJOYED DOING WHEN I WAS

YOUNGER.

SO I PICKED UP MY JEWELRY AGAIN.

I WENT AND GOT A PIECE OF WOOD.

AND I SAID I WILL MAKE MY OWN

BEADS AND I HAD A DREMEL TOOL

AND I STARTED IN MY BASEMENT AND

ONCE I DID THAT, I FELL IN LOVE

WITH THE MATERIAL ITSELF.

AND THEN FROM THIS ON OUT, I

REALLY NEVER LOOKED BACK.

I ALWAYS LIKE TO INCORPORATE

WOOD IN THINGS THAT I MAKE.

AND IT DOESN'T QUITE FIT IN A

PREESTABLISHED FRAMEWORK.

ARE YOU A FINE ARTIST?

ARE YOU A JEWELER?

ARE YOU A SCULPTOR?

YEAH, JUST WEARABLES, I POSE, AT

THIS POINT.

-- I SUPPOSE AT THIS POINT AND

I LIKE TO THINK OF THE BODY AS A

TO DECORATE.

HOW TO EMPHASIZE CHEEK BONE, THE

EAR, A HAND, YOU KNOW?

SO THAT'S KIND OF BECOME MY

CANVAS, I GUESS, AND FIGURING

OUT HOW TO PUT THINGS ON IT.

JANUARY 1st OF 2009, I MOVED

INTO THE HARRISON CENTER.

MY ELDEST CHILD WAS 8 MONTHS OLD

WHEN I MOVED IN, AND SHE'S 13

NOW.

ALL OF MY KIDS HAVE GROWN UP

HERE AND THIS IS LIKE ONE OF

THEIR MAJOR COMMUNITIES AND THEY

HAVE GROWN UP WITH ART AND THIS

MAGICAL BUILDING.

BEING AROUND OTHER CREATIVE

PEOPLE CERTAINLY HAS PUSHED ME

TO GROW AS TO WHAT I THINK I CAN

MAKE, THE SCALE, THE COMPLEXITY.

I MEAN, WHEN I FIRST STARTED

WORKING WITH THE WOOD, I WAS

JUST MAKING LITTLE SIMPLE

COMPONENTS AND NOW THERE'S, YOU

KNOW -- I HAVE HUGE, LIKE,

WEARABLE SCULPTURE BACK HERE.

SO, YOU KNOW, YOU WANT TO

COLLABORATE.

PEOPLE COME IN AND ASK IF YOU

WILL COLLABORATE ON SOMETHING

AND JUST BEING PART OF SOMEONE

ELSE'S CREATIVE PROCESS AND

AESTHETIC PUSHES YOU TO THINK

ABOUT YOUR OWN WORK IN A WAY

THAT YOU MIGHT NOT HAVE

CONSIDERED BEFORE.

THE STATE MUSEUM REACHED OUT TO

ME.

AND IT'S BEEN YEARS AGO, BUT

THEY WERE LOOKING FOR THINGS FOR

THEIR GIFT SHOP THAT COULD BE

INDIANA-SPECIFIC.

I HAD THE IDEA TO DO BUGS.

I JUST KEPT UP WITH IT.

AND I DON'T THINK I HAVE EVER

DONE A BUG THAT EXISTS OUTSIDE

OF INDIANA.

THEY ARE ALL INDIANA BUGS.

I WENT THROUGH AND FOUND MOTHS

THAT ARE FOUND IN MARION COUNTY

SPECIFICALLY.

AND I CHOSE EIGHT OF THEM, AND

MADE THESE GIGANTIC -- EACH WAS

A NECKLACE.

ALL VERY LARGE AND WEARABLE

PIECE OF ART NECKLACE.

AND THEN MY FRIEND IN IN THE

BUILDING MADE ME MOUNTS FOR

THEM, KIND OF IN A NATURALIST

VEIN.

SO YOU COULD HANG IT ON THE

WALL.

IT'S SOMETHING YOU COULD HANG IN

YOUR WALL AND YOU COULD ALSO

WEAR IT, BUT THE WOOD HE USED

WAS SALVAGED FROM THE GALLERY

RE-DO IN THIS BUILDING.

SO WHEN THE SHOW WAS IN THIS

BILLING, IT WAS LIKE THIS --

BUILDING, IT WAS LIKE THIS

HYPERLOCAL.

THAT MOTH COULD HAVE LANDED IN

THIS BUILDING.

IT'S BEEN A LITTLE WHILE OF

MAKING BUGS.

RIGHT NOW WE HAVE ONE CICADA.

WE WILL SEE HOW MANY MORE I

MAKE.

BUT I WANTED TO BE INSPIRED BY

THE BROOD X.

I LOVE THEIR RED EYES.

I MADE SI CADEIES IN THE CICADAS IN THE PAST.

I WANTED TO WORK WITH SOMETHING

A LITTLE SCULPTURAL AND STYLIZED

AND THIS IS MORE OF A SCULPTURAL

BUG, BUT IT'S THE BIG BROOD X

CICADA.

THERE ARE DEFINITELY PEOPLE WHO

ARE SQUEAMISH ABOUT BUGS THAT

STILL LIKE THE JEWELRY.

IT STILL RESONATES WITH THEM.

I THINK THAT EVEN THOUGH IT'S

BUGS, AND YOU DON'T LIKE THEM,

YOU CAN STILL APPRECIATE THE

ARTISTRY OF THE FORM, BECAUSE

YOU CAN LOOK BACK THROUGH HUMAN

HISTORY AND SEE THAT PEOPLE HAVE

BEEN INSPIRED BY THAT ALL ALONG.

>> YOU CAN SEE MORE OF ALISON'S

WORK AT STUDIOAMFDESIGN.COM.

>> UP NEXT, WE'RE HEADED TO A

ONE OF A KIND BREWERY IN

FERDIMAN, INDIANA.

WE HAVE THE STORY OF

ST. BENEDICT'S BREW WORKS.

>> AS BENEDICTAN WOMEN, WE ARE

TO SEEK GOD IN COMMUNITY, IN

PRAYER, AND IN WORK.

>> THE BENEDICTAN ORDER IS PRAY

AND WORK.

WE HAD A PRAY, WORK AND BREW.

>> THE MONASTERY, WE ARE FOUNDED

HERE IN 1867.

NOW NUMBER ABOUT 130 SISTERS.

>> IN EUROPE, BECAUSE THEY

WANTED THE MONASTERIES TO BE

SORT OF SELF-SUFFICIENT,

BREWERIES AT THE MONASTERIES

WERE JUST AN EVERY DAY FACT OF

LIFE.

THE SISTERS OPERATED A GIRLS

PREPARATORY SCHOOL FOR DECADES.

IT CLOSED AROUND 2000, 2001.

I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE SORT OF A

LONG SHOT BUT WE APPROACHED THE

SISTERS AND KIND OF PRESENTED

OUR PROPOSAL.

>> WE HAD A BUILDING THAT WAS

AVAILABLE, THAT WAS NO LONGER

BEING USED, AND AFTER SOME

CONSIDERATION BY THE WHOLE

COMMUNITY, WE DECIDED TO GO

AHEAD AND LEASE THE BUILDING TO

HIP FOR THE PURPOSE OF

ESTABLISHING THAT SMALL CRAFT

BREWERY.

>> THE REST KIND OF FELL INTO

PLACE AND WE OPENED IN OCTOBER

OF 2015.

>> IT'S REALLY BEEN A WONDERFUL

PARTNERSHIP.

HOSPITALITY IS A MAJOR CHARISM

OF BENEDICTAN LIFE.

IN FACT, PILGRIMS AND TRAVELERS

WOULD FIND REFUGE IN MONASTERIES

WHEN THEY WERE TRAVELING

THROUGHOUT EUROPE AND THEY WERE

SAFE PLACES TO COME.

AND BENEDICT WOULD TELL HIS

FOLLOWERS THAT WE SHOULD RECEIVE

EVERY GUEST WHO COMES TO THE

MONETARY AS IF WE WERE RECEIVING

CHRIST HIMSELF.

>> WE'RE IN THE HOSPITALITY

BUSINESS HERE.

PRESENTING OUR BEERS TO FOLKS

LOCAL AS WELL AS VISITORS FROM

OUTSIDE THE AREA.

AND IT REALLY GIVES THE SISTERS

AN OPPORTUNITY TO COME INTO

CONTACT WITH FOLKS WHO OTHERWISE

WOULD NOT VISIT HERE.

>> THE HOSPITALITY THAT IS

OFFERED, THE BREWERY, FITS RIGHT

IN WITH OUR WHOLE CALL.

>> WE GETS LOTS OF PEOPLE WHO

COME HERE.

THEY KNOW MORE ABOUT BEER THAN

THEY DO MONETARIES.

>> THEY THEN USUALLY ASK

QUESTIONS.

WHAT ABOUT THE SISTERS?

WHAT ABOUT THE MONASTERY?

WHAT IS IT ALL ABOUT?

AND SO SOMETIMES THEY END UP

COMING UP HERE FOR A TOUR AFTER

INITIALLY GOING TO THE BREWERY.

BREWERRING BEER HAS BEEN

ASSOCIATED WITH MONASTERIES IN

EUROPE, SPECIFICALLY A BRANCH OF

BENEDICTANS BUT MAINLY AT THIS

POINT IN TIME, MEN MONETARY.

AS FAR AS WE ARE AWARE, THIS IS

THE ONLY MONETARY OF WOMEN THAT

HAS A BREWERY LOCATED ON ITS

GROUNDS HERE IN THE UNITED

STATES.

>> THE NUMBER ONE QUESTION THAT

PEOPLE ASK IS IF THE NUNS DO ANY

BREWING HERE.

THEY DON'T.

>> THE SISTERS DO NOT MAKE THE

BEER.

>> THEY HELP US TASTE.

SOMETIMES WHEN WE'RE BUSY, WE'LL

GET A SISTER WHO WILL JUST, YOU

KNOW, STEP UP BEHIND THE SINK

AND START WASHING GLASSWARE.

THEIR PRAYERS ARE VERY IMPORTANT

TO US.

WE DON'T UNDERVALUE THOSE ARE

ANYTHING.

>> WE TRY TO BE PLAYFUL AND

RESPECTFUL.

>> OUR BLONDE ALE IS SISTER

BETTY ALE.

I THINK THE HAZY I.P. THAT WE

DO, IT'S CALLED THE GOOD HABIT.

>> THE SANCTIMONIOUS STOUT.

THERE'S PIRUS PORTER.

>> AND RAISING LAZARUS.

THAT'S THE GOSPEL OF JESUS

RAISING LAZARUS FROM THE DEAD.

I THINK WE PICKED THAT BECAUSE

THAT WAS THE GOSPEL READING OF

THE WEEKEND, WHEN WE KICKED OFF

THE BEER.

WE DON'T PROSELYTIZE, BUT WE ARE

HAPPY TO EXPLAIN THE CONNECTIONS

TO OUR BEERS.

>> THE PRIMARY FOCUS FOR OUR

BREWING HAS BEEN BELGIAN ABBEY

STYLES, AND BELGIAN TRIPLES AND

QUADS.

>> WE BREW OVER 50 OR 60 BEERS.

SOME ARE STAPLES AND SOME ARE

SEASONALS.

>> WE HAVE A GOOD SELECTION.

THE BLONDE ALE AND THE

BLUEBERRY.

WE HAVE PIZZA AND PRETZELS AND

FRIED CHICKEN.

>> THE GROUNDS OF THE MONASTERY

ARE ALWAYS OPEN FOR PEOPLE TO

COME TO WALK AROUND, TO ENJOY

BEAUTIFUL SCENES EVERY TIME OF

THE YEAR.

>> THE ARCHITECTURE HERE AT THE

SISTERS IS -- IT'S REALLY -- I

MEAN, IT'S STUNNING.

WE ARE CERTAINLY IN LOVE WITH

OUR AREA.

FERDINAND IS SUCH A UNIQUE

COMMUNITY AND THE PEOPLE ARE

JUST EXTREMELY FRIENDLY AND VERY

WELCOMING AND SUPPORTIVE OF US.

IT'STO KNOW YOU WALK IN THE

FOOTSTEPS OR THE TRADITION OF

THOSE FAMOUS MONETARIES AND

BREWERIES, IT'S INSPIRING.

>> YOU CAN GET ALL THE

INFORMATION AT

STBENEDICTBREWWORKS.COM.

>> AND FINALLY JOHN TIMM HAS THE

STORY OF INDIANA'S OFFICIAL

STATE INSECT, THE FIREFLY.

>> ON SUMMER NIGHTS, DUSK WAS

COMING ON AND AS A LITTLE KID,

YOU CAN'T STAY UP TOO LATE.

WE WERE ABLE TO RUN AROUND IN

OUR BETTER FEET OUT INOUR BARE FEET AND CATCH

LIGHTNING BUGS.

>> MY NAME IS MARK LANE.

I'M AN ENTOMOLOGIST AND I WORK

FOR INDIANA UNIVERSITY.

THE FIREFLY HAS AN INTERESTING

HISTORY IN INDIANA, BECAUSE THE

MOST COMMON FIREFLY IN THIS PART

OF THE COUNTRY IS CALLED THE

SAZE FIREFLY, NAMED AFTER A GUY

NAMED THOMAS SAY.

THOMAS SAY IS FROM INDIANA.

AND HE ACTUALLY BECAME THE

FATHER OF AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGY.

HE DISCOVERED THIS BUG IN THE

MID-1800s.

YOU KNOW, KIND OF MADE IT

FAMOUS.

IN THE 1990s.

IN 2018, THE LEGISLATURE DID

BASICALLY ADOPT THE FIREFLY AS

THE STATE INSECT FOR INDIANA,

AND GOVERNOR HOLCOMB PROCLAIMED

IT SO.

THE FIREFLY IS A PHENOMENAL

INSECT.

I MEAN, OF COURSE AS AN

ENTOMOLOGIST, I THINK ALL

INSECTS ARE REALLY COOL BUT THE

FIREFLY IS ONE OF THE REALLY

COOL ONES BECAUSE IT LIGHTS UP.

THAT'S PRETTY COOL.

THEY HAVE LOTS OF DIFFERENT

BEHAVIOR THAT HAS TO DO WITH

THEIR LUMINESCENCE, AND

BASICALLY IT REVOLVES AROUND

MATING.

THE PRIMARY REASON THAT THEY

LIGHT UP IS TO SEND SIGNALS FOR

MATING.

SO AS THE MALE AND IT ATTRACTS

THE FEMALE.

THE FIREFLY IS A BEETLE, A LOT

OF PEOPLE DON'T THINK OF IT AS A

BEETLE.

IT HAS SOFTER WINGS BUT IT IS A

BEETLE.

THE ADULT HATCHES FROM A PUPAE.

MOST OF US THINK OF THAT AS THE

COCOON AND THEY CATCH HATCH OUT AND

MATE AND THEN THE FEMALE LAYS

THE EGGS.

THOSE TURN INTO LARVAE, WHICH

ARE PREDATION, AND THEY HAVE AN

IMPORTANT PART IN OUR ECOSYSTEM

AS FAR AS BALANCING OUT THE GOOD

BUGS AND THE BAD BUGS.

THEY ARE CONSIDERED A GOOD BUG.

THERE'S OVER 2,000 SPECIES OF

FIREFLIES AND THEY HAVE

DIFFERENT HABITATS.

PRIMARILY THEY LIKE FIELDS, THE

WOODS, OR SWAMPY AREAS AND

THAT'S WHERE YOU SEE THE MOST OF

THEM.

THE REASON THAT MOST SCIENTISTS

SAY THAT THE FIREFLY IS HAVING

PROBLEMS IS LIKE SO MANY OTHER

SPECIES, IT'S LOSING HABITAT.

SO A LOT OF OUR FIELDS WERE

PRIME HABITAT IN THE UNITED

STATES FOR THE FIREFLY ARE BEING

TURNED INTO AGRICULTURE AND/OR

HOUSES OR CITIES.

AND SO BY DOING THAT, IT GETS

RID OF HABITAT.

AND LOSS OF HABITAT IS THE

BIGGEST REASONS WHY SPECIES GO

EXTINCT.

SO MANY OF THE FIREFLIES ARE,

WHICH IS OUTSIDE OF CITIES AND

IN AGRICULTURAL AREAS WHERE

PESTICIDES ARE USED.

SO THE PESTICIDES AND THE LOSS

OF HABITAT ARE BIG REASONS, BUT

THEY ARE ALSO, YOU KNOW, THE

REASONS WHY WE ARE LOSING A LOT

OF INSECT SPECIES AND A LOT OF

SPECIES.

KIND OF THE PERFECT STORM WHICH

WORRIES SO MANY OF US, IS THE

LIGHT POLLUTION.

A LOT OF THE INSECTS THAT YOU

SEE DURING THE DAY, YOU KNOW,

THERE'S NO IMPACT FROM LIGHT

POLLUTION.

BUT INSECTS AT NIGHT,

PARTICULARLY THE ONES WHO RELY

ON SPECIFIC LIGHTING TO

REPRODUCE, IF THERE'S LIGHT

POLLUTION, THEN THEY -- YOU

KNOW, THAT CAN INTERRUPT THEIR

REPRODUCTION.

AND SO WE'RE A LITTLE WORRIED

THAT THE THREE OF THESE THINGS

ARE ACTUALLY GOING TO CAUSE THE

DEMISE OF LIGHTNING BUGS.

A LITTLE CLIMATE CHANGE WILL

HAVE AN IMPACT ON FIREFLIES.

FIREFLIES, LIKE MOST OTHER

INSECTS ARE VERY

HABITAT-SPECIFIC, AND SO AS WE

CHANGE THE ECOSYSTEM AROUND THE

FIREFLY, THAT WILL HAVE AN

IMPACT.

WE ARE NOT QUITE SURE WHAT.

IT USUALLY IS NOT A GOOD THING.

ANY TIME YOU LOSE A PART OF THE

FOOD WEB AND A PART OF THE

ECOSYSTEM, THERE'S GOING TO BE

AN IMPACT.

CHANCES ARE, WE WILL HAVE A FEW

MORE PESTS THAN WE USED TO,

BECAUSE THE FIREFLIES, AS

PREDATORS, WOULD GET RID OF A

NUMBER OF PESTS THAT ARE OUT,

OTHER INSECTS BECAUSE THEY WOULD

FEED ON THEM.

SO IF THEY ARE NOT THERE TO FEED

ON THEM, THE THINGS WE CONSIDER

PESTS CAN GO UNCHECKED AND SO

THAT'S AN ECOLOGICAL PROBLEM.

COUNTER EACH OF THE PROBLEMS.

SO USE LESS PESTICIDE.

BE MUCH MORE DISCRIMINANT IN HOW

YOU USE PESTICIDE.

PROVIDE HABITAT.

LEAVE SOME AREAS OF YARDS OR

PARKS UNMOWED.

MAYBE TRY TO WORK ON POLICIES

FOR CITIES TO REDUCE THEIR LIGHT

POLLUTION.

KIDS IN GENERAL LOOK AT

LIGHTNING BUGS AND IT'S LIKE

MAGIC.

AND ANYONE WHO IS WATCHING THIS

PROBABLY KNOWS THAT FEELING.

AND THEN, OF COURSE, MOST OF US

DON'T LOSE THAT FEELING.

WE JUST THINK, YOU KNOW,

LIGHTNING BUGS ARE MAGICAL!

EVERYONE NEEDS A LITTLE MAGIC,

AND WE HATE TO LOSE MAGIC.

>> I HAVE HAD SUCH A LOVE OF

FIREFLIES SINCE I WAS A KID.

IT WAS MY FAVORITE PASTIME AS A

CHILD, RUNNING AROUND AT DUSK

WITH MY BALL JAR TRYING TO CATCH

INSECTS AND FIREFLIES IN THERE.

IT BRINGS BACK SUCH GREAT

MEMORIES.

YOU CAN LEARN MORE ABOUT THE

FIREFLY AND THE STEPS YOU CAN

TAKE TO HELP PROTECT IT, AT

FIREFLY.ORG.

>>> AND AS ALWAYS, WE WOULD LIKE

TO ENCOURAGE YOU TO STAY

CONNECTED WITH US.

>> JUST HEAD OVER TO

JOURNEYINDIANA.ORG, THERE YOU

CAN SEE FULL EPISODES, CONNECT

WITH US ON FACEBOOK, YOUTUBE AND

INSTAGRAM AND SUGGEST STORIES

FROM YOUR NECK OF THE WOODS.

>> WE ALSO HAVE A MAP FEATURE

THAT ALLOWS TO YOU SEE WHERE WE

HAVE BEEN AND TO PLAN YOUR OWN

INDIANA ADVENTURES.

AND BEFORE WE SAY GOOD-BYE,

LET'S SPEND SOME MORE TIME WITH

OUR TEMPORARY GUESTS, THE BROOD

X CICADAS.

>> PRODUCTION SUPPORT FOR

"JOURNEY INDIANA" IS PROVIDED BY

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