Independent Lens

S18 E9 | FULL EPISODE

TOWER

In 1966, a gunman rode the elevator to the 27th floor of the University of Texas Tower and opened fire. TOWER, a documentary mixing animated and live-action, shares the untold story of America's first mass school shooting, when the worst in one man brought out the best in so many others.

AIRED: August 01, 2020 | 1:20:53
ABOUT THE PROGRAM
TRANSCRIPT

MAN: I WAS JUST EXPECTING ANOTHER ROUTINE DAY.

[GUNSHOT]

ANNOUNCER: ONE OF THE FIRST MASS SHOOTINGS IN AMERICAN HISTORY...

[GUNSHOT]

NEAL SPELCE: THIS IS A WARNING TO THE CITIZENS OF AUSTIN.

THERE IS A SNIPER ON THE UNIVERSITY TOWER

FIRING AT WILL.

[GUNSHOT]

IT WAS JUST CHAOS.

ANNOUNCER: RETOLD USING AN INNOVATIVE ANIMATED STYLE.

FILMMAKER KEITH MAITLAND RECONSTRUCTS

THE DRAMATIC ACCOUNTS OF SURVIVORS...

WOMAN: PEOPLE WERE DYING.

DIFFERENT WOMAN: I JUST REMEMBER THINKING,

"I GUESS THIS IS IT."

"I GUESS THIS IS THE END."

ANNOUNCER: AND THE ACTS OF COURAGE THAT SAVED THE DAY.

MAN: THAT'’S WHEN I DECIDED TO GO UP THERE.

DIFFERENT MAN: I'’VE NEVER BEEN MORE SCARED.

MAN: MY MISSION WAS TO GET INTO THE TOWER.

YOU GOT ME? I GOT YOU.

MAN: I'’VE NEVER KNOWN BRAVER MEN.

ANNOUNCER: THE CRITICS-CHOICE- AWARD-WINNING FILM "TOWER,"

NOW ONLY ON "INDEPENDENT LENS."

[BEEPING]

[A.M. RADIO TUNING]

MAN: TIME, WEATHER...

NEAL SPELCE: THIS IS NEAL SPELCE IN RED ROVER

ON THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS CAMPUS.

THIS IS A WARNING TO THE CITIZENS OF AUSTIN.

STAY AWAY FROM THE UNIVERSITY AREA.

STAY AWAY FROM THE UNIVERSITY AREA.

THERE IS A SNIPER ON THE UNIVERSITY TOWER FIRING AT WILL.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

MAMAS AND THE PAPAS: ♪ BA DA BA DA DA DA ♪

♪ BA DA BA DA DA DA ♪

♪ BA DA BA DA DA DA ♪

DENNY DOHERTY: ♪ MONDAY, MONDAY ♪

♪ SO GOOD TO ME... ♪

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: WE HAD TAKEN AN ANTHROPOLOGY TEST,

SO WE GOT OUT OF CLASS EARLY THAT DAY.

DOHERTY: ♪I HOPED IT WOULD BE ♪

♪OH, MONDAY MORNING... ♪

MY BOYFRIEND TOM AND I WERE DRINKING COFFEE

AT THE CHUCK WAGON AT THE STUDENT UNION.

HEY, CLAIRE.

OH.

[INDISTINCT CONVERSATION]

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: WE KNEW THAT IF WE DIDN'’T GO QUICKLY

AND PUT ANOTHER NICKEL IN THE METER,

WE'’D GET A PINK SLIP,

AND WE ALREADY HAD TWO, AND I THINK IF YOU HAD 3,

YOU COULDN'’T PARK ON CAMPUS ANY LONGER.

LATER.

WHEN YOU WERE... YES...

DOHERTY: ♪ OH, MONDAY MORNING, YOU GAVE ME NO WARNING... ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: WE WERE KIND OF DISAGREEING.

OH, HE WAS WORRIED THAT I WASN'’T GETTING

ENOUGH NUTRITION FOR THE BABY, AND I SAID,

"WELL, TOM, I HAD ORANGE JUICE THIS MORNING."

[GUNSHOT]

I JUST FELT THIS--

THIS HUGE JOLT...

[GUNSHOT]

LIKE I'’D STEPPED ON A LIVE WIRE...

LIKE I'’D BEEN ELECTROCUTED.

TOM SAID... BABY.

AND REACHED OUT FOR ME, AND THEN...

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

[CLAIRE GASPING]

[GUNSHOT]

WHAT ARE YOU DOING? GET UP FROM THERE.

PLEASE CALL A DOCTOR.

GET YOUR BOOKS.

[GUNSHOT]

PLEASE HELP US.

MAMAS AND THE PAPAS: ♪ EVERY OTHER DAY ♪

♪ EVERY OTHER DAY ♪

♪ EVERY OTHER DAY OF THE WEEK IS FINE, YEAH ♪

BOY, VOICE-OVER: I HAD A PAPER ROUTE

AROUND THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS.

IT WAS THE BIGGEST ROUTE IN AUSTIN,

AND EVERYBODY WANTED TO GET THAT ROUTE.

I HAD MY COUSIN WITH ME.

SOMETIMES HE'’LL HELP ME WITH MY PAPER ROUTE.

I WAS NOT SUPPOSED TO WORK THAT DAY.

THE REGULAR GUY WAS SUPPOSED TO GET BACK

FROM VACATION THAT DAY.

AT ABOUT 10:00 THAT MORNING, THE PAPER CALLED ME

AND ASKED IF I COULD DO THAT ROUTE ONE MORE DAY.

DOHERTY: ♪ BUT MONDAY MORNING ♪

♪ MONDAY MORNING COULDN'’T GUARANTEE ♪

MAMAS AND THE PAPAS: ♪ THAT-- ♪

[A.M. RADIO TUNING]

[COUNTRY WESTERN MUSIC PLAYING]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I WAS EITHER FILLING OUT REPORTS

OR JUST TAKING IT EASY A LITTLE BIT,

LISTENING TO MY RADIO ON THE COUNTRY WESTERN.

[STONEWALL JACKSON'’S "WATERLOO" PLAYING]

I DO REMEMBER ONE SONG HE PLAYED THAT MORNING.

IT WAS "WATERLOO."

KIND OF FELT THAT AFTER THAT DAY, WELL,

HERE'’S WATERLOO COMING UP FOR SOMEBODY.

JACKSON: ♪ EVERY PUPPY HAS ITS DAY ♪

♪EVERYBODY HAS TO PAY ♪

♪EVERYBODY HAS TO MEET HIS WATERLOO ♪

BOY, VOICE-OVER: IT WAS HOT THAT DAY.

IT MUST HAVE BEEN 100 DEGREES.

[BANG]

I STARTED MAKING MY DELIVERIES, AND I HEARD SOME SOUNDS,

LIKE POPPING.

IT SOUNDED LIKE FIRECRACKERS.

[BANG]

[BANG]

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

CHORUS: ♪ KTBC RADIO ♪

♪WE'’RE ON HERE WITH THE MUSIC ♪

♪TAKE US ALONG WHEREVER YOU GO ♪

♪AUSTIN, TEXAS ♪

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: AUGUST 1 STARTED OUT

AS A TYPICAL SUMMER DAY IN AUSTIN, TEXAS,

AND IT WAS A DAY THAT YOU SAT AROUND, FRANKLY...

AND WE WERE TRYING TO DECIDE,

"OK. WHAT DO WE COVER TODAY?"

MAN ON POLICE RADIO: MAIN TOWER OF UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS.

THEN THE RADIO CALLED MY NUMBER, AND I WAS TRYING

TO MAKE OUT WHAT THEY WERE SAYING,

BUT IT JUST WASN'’T COMING THROUGH.

[STATIC]

I CAN'’T--I CAN'’T MAKE OUT WHAT YOU'’RE SAYING.

YOU KEEP CUTTING OUT NOW.

MAN ON RADIO: HE SAID SOMETHING ABOUT--

DIFFERENT MAN ON RADIO: 44, 10-8.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: FINALLY, I DECIPHER "UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS,"

SO I JUST SAID I WAS HEADED TOWARD THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS.

WE HAD POLICE RADIOS, OF COURSE, THROUGHOUT THE NEWSROOM...

MAN ON RADIO: WE HAVE A SHOOTING OR GUNSHOTS

AT THE UNIVERSITY TOWER.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: AND THEN WITHIN SECONDS...

MAN ON RADIO: WE NEED ALL THE UNITS WE CAN

AT THE UNIVERSITY TOWER.

THERE'’S A GUY ON TOP OF THE TOWER,

AND HE'’S SHOOTING,

SHOOTING AT PEOPLE, AND THEY'’RE DISPATCHING OFFICERS

AS BEST THEY CAN TO THE SCENE.

[DISTANT SIREN]

[BUZZ]

POLICE OPERATOR.

THIS IS MICHAEL HALL.

THERE'’S JUST BEEN A GUNSHOT RIGHT IN FRONT OF THE TOWER.

[GUNSHOTS]

I HEARD WHAT I THOUGHT WERE TWO FIRECRACKERS,

AND I THOUGHT, "SOMEBODY STILL HAS FIRECRACKERS

FROM THE FOURTH OF JULY."

MAN: POLICE OPERATOR.

HELLO. THIS IS THE DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH AT THE UNIVERSITY.

SOMEONE HAS BEEN SHOT, WE BELIEVE, OUTSIDE.

SOMEONE IS SHOOTING FROM THE TOWER.

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: I WAS IN SHAKESPEARE CLASS

WHEN IT STARTED, AND WE ALL RAN TO THE WINDOWS

OF THE ENGLISH BUILDING.

WE JUST STOOD THERE

PEERING OUT OVER EACH OTHER'’S SHOULDERS.

[GUNSHOT]

MAN: I REALIZED THAT THERE WAS SOMEONE SHOOTING FROM THE TOWER,

AND THAT IF I COULD SEE HIM, HE COULD SEE ME.

WOMAN: A SNIPER. SOMEBODY HAS SHOT 4 DIFFERENT PEOPLE.

MAN ON PHONE: YES, MA'’AM. IT'’S BEEN REPORTED.

SHE SAYS 4 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN SHOT UP THERE SO FAR.

AS I RAN BEHIND THE CAR, THE SHOT FROM THE RIFLE

SOUNDED LIKE IT WAS ALMOST IN MY EAR,

AND I COULD HEAR THE BULLET RICOCHET.

WHEN I ASKED IF ANYONE HAD BEEN HIT,

SOMEONE SAID 5 PEOPLE,

INCLUDING A LITTLE BOY ON A BICYCLE.

[GUNSHOT]

BOY: WHEN I GOT SHOT, WE BOTH FELL DOWN.

[GUNSHOT]

WOMAN: YOU'’RE GONNA BE OK.

YOU'’RE GONNA BE OK, HONEY.

HE'’S GONNA BE OK.

[GUNSHOT]

MY GOD, WHAT HAPPENED?

HE'’S BEEN SHOT.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I HAD BEEN WORKING

AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS CO-OP SINCE 8:30 A.M.

I NOTICED ACROSS THE STREET A SMALL GROUP.

WHAT'’S GOING ON?

LOOKS LIKE A FIGHT.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I GOT ACROSS THE STREET

AND FOUND THE BOY HAD BEEN SHOT...

ALL RIGHT. LET'’S STOP THIS BLEEDING HERE.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: AND SO I TRIED TO STOP THE FLOW OF BLOOD.

YOU OK? YOU'’RE GONNA BE ALL RIGHT.

[GUNSHOTS]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I HEARD REPORTS THAT I RECOGNIZED AS GUNSHOTS,

BUT I COULD NOT TELL WHERE THEY WERE COMING FROM.

[GUNSHOT]

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I DIDN'’T KNOW WHAT HAD HAPPENED AT ALL.

[GUNSHOT]

I THOUGHT THAT I FELT THE BABY

KIND OF FALL TO THE SIDE,

SO I THOUGHT HE PROBABLY WASN'’T ALIVE ANY LONGER.

YOU KNOW, BY THE EIGHTH MONTH, YOUR BABY IS MOVING A LOT,

AND AFTER I GOT SHOT,

THE BABY NEVER MOVED.

CLAIRE: TOM?

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I CALLED OUT TO HIM...

TOM...

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: BUT TOM NEVER SAID ANOTHER WORD.

[SOBBING]

[COUNTRY WESTERN MUSIC PLAYING]

MAN: ♪ WHEN THE BLUEBIRD MUST GO IN THE SPRINGTIME... ♪

MAN, VOICE-OVER: YOU KNOW WHAT?

I THOUGHT IT WAS ALREADY OVER WITH.

LAWMAN GETS THERE, AND BY THE END,

IT'’S USUALLY OVER WITH, YOU KNOW?

MAN: ♪ TEXAS, YOU KNOW THAT WE LOVE YOU ♪

♪AND WE PRAISE YOU ♪

♪WE WANT YOU TO KNOW... ♪

[GUNSHOT]

[MUSIC STOPS]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: THEN I-- I FINALLY REALIZED

SOMETHING WAS HAPPENING THAT I AIN'’T NEVER SEEN BEFORE.

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I JUST THOUGHT, "THERE'’S A THOUSAND WINDOWS

"UP THERE AND A THOUSAND BLACK PANTHERS,

A REVOLUTION"...

[GUNSHOT]

AND THE HAIR JUST STOOD UP ON THE BACK OF MY NECK...

[GUNSHOT]

AND, I MUST SAY, I WAS SCARED.

IT WAS BIGGER THAN ME.

SPELCE: THERE'’S A GUY ON TOP OF THE TOWER,

AND HE'’S SHOOTING, SHOOTING AT PEOPLE.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: I TOLD THE DISC JOCKEY ON DUTY.

I SAYS, "GIVE US SOME NEWS-INTRO MUSIC

AND THROW IT TO ME..."

[MUSIC PLAYING]

"AND I'’LL TAKE IT FROM THERE."

I BEGAN MY BROADCAST AS I WAS DRIVING UP TO THE TOWER.

SPELCE, ON RADIO: THIS IS NEAL SPELCE IN RED ROVER

ON THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS CAMPUS.

THIS IS A WARNING TO THE CITIZENS OF AUSTIN.

STAY AWAY FROM THE UNIVERSITY AREA.

THERE IS A SNIPER ON THE UNIVERSITY TOWER

FIRING AT WILL.

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: WELL, I WAS JUST EXPECTING

ANOTHER ROUTINE DAY.

I HAD DROPPED MY DAUGHTERS OFF AT DAYCARE.

MY WIFE WAS AT WORK,

AND MY SHIFT DIDN'’T START UNTIL 3 P.M.

MAN: THIS AUSTIN-VACUUM-REBUILT HOOVER BEATS AS IT SWEEPS.

MALE ANNOUNCER: THIS IS A KLRN NEWS BULLETIN.

A SNIPER WITH A HIGH-POWERED RIFLE HAS TAKEN UP A POSITION

ON THE OBSERVATION DECK OF THE TOWER ON THE CAMPUS

OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: SO I GOT ON THE TELEPHONE...

MAN ON PHONE: POLICE OPERATOR.

HEY, THIS IS MARTINEZ. DO THEY NEED ANYBODY?

PARDON ME?

AND I CALLED THE STATION.

THIS IS MARTINEZ. DO THEY NEED ANYBODY OVER THERE?

CAPTAIN, MARTINEZ IS ON.

YOU WANT HIM TO COME OUT?

UH, YES, SIR. HE'’D, UH--

HE'’D LIKE YOU TO COME ON OUT IF YOU WILL.

OK. I'’LL BE RIGHT OVER.

OK. THAT'’S AT THE UNIVERSITY.

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: THEN I CALLED MY WIFE AT WORK,

AND I SAID, "DEAR, I'’M GONNA GO THERE,

BUT DON'’T WORRY BECAUSE I'’M GONNA GO WORK TRAFFIC."

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I COULDN'’T GET BACK ACROSS THE STREET...

BECAUSE I FIGURED...

[GUNSHOTS]

I MIGHT GET SHOT MYSELF.

I MOVED ON TO THE NEXT BUILDING.

[GUNSHOT]

I TRIED TO FIND A TELEPHONE TO CALL MY WIFE.

MY WIFE KNEW IT WAS MY LUNCH HOUR,

AND I KNEW THAT SHE WOULD WORRY, SO...

[GUNSHOT]

I KNEW THAT IF I COULD MAKE IT TO THE TOWER,

THAT I COULD MAKE CONTACT WITH THE STORE...

[GUNSHOT]

AND MY WIFE.

[LOVIN'’ SPOONFUL'’S "DAYDREAM" PLAYING]

[BELL RINGS]

JOHN SEBASTIAN: ♪ WHAT A DAY FOR A DAYDREAM ♪

♪WHAT A DAY FOR A DAYDREAMING BOY... ♪

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I WENT TO HIGH SCHOOL AT AUSTIN HIGH,

GRADUATED MAY OF '’66.

I WANTED TO GET FRESHMAN ENGLISH OUT OF THE WAY,

SO I STARTED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS IN THE SUMMER.

SEBASTIAN: ♪ TIME AIN'’T REALLY ON MY SIDE ♪

♪ IT'’S ONE OF THOSE DAYS FOR TAKING A WALK OUTSIDE... ♪

MAN, VOICE-OVER: WE WENT TO CLASS THAT MORNING,

AND THEN DURING THE LUNCH BREAK, I WENT OVER

TO PLAY CHESS WITH JAMES LOVE.

SEBASTIAN: ♪ AND FALL ON MY FACE IN SOMEBODY'’S NEW-MOWN LAWN... ♪

MAN, VOICE-OVER: JAMES AND I HAD GRADUATED FROM AUSTIN HIGH

TOGETHER IN MAY, AND I WENT OVER TO WHERE HE LIVED

AT THE STAG CO-OP.

SEBASTIAN: ♪STARRING ME AND MY SWEET DREAM... ♪

MAN, VOICE-OVER: WE WERE LISTENING TO THE TOP 40

AND PLAYING CHESS IN HIS ROOM.

MALE ANNOUNCER: WE INTERRUPT THIS PROGRAM TO BRING YOU

A SPECIAL BULLETIN FROM ABC RADIO.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: THEY SAID SOMEBODY WAS ON TOP OF THE TOWER

WITH AN AIR RIFLE.

AIR RIFLE?

SHOOTING WITH AN AIR RIFLE.

DIDN'’T SOUND DANGEROUS TO US. SOUNDED EXCITING.

YOU WANT TO GO CHECK IT OUT?

YEAH. LET'’S GO.

[THE APPARITIONS'’ "SHE'’S SO SATISFYIN'’" PLAYING]

FORREST DIECKMAN: ♪ HEY ♪

♪THINGS MAY GO, AND THINGS MAY STAY, YEAH... ♪

MAN, VOICE-OVER: WE WERE JUST WALKING DOWN THE MIDDLE

OF A ROAD, AND A GUY WAVED AT US.

"GET OUT." YOU KNOW, "GET UNDER COVER."

[GUNSHOT]

"GET OUT OF THE STREET"...

[GUNSHOT]

AND THAT WAS THE FIRST SIGN WE HAD

THAT THINGS WERE THAT WRONG.

BY THE TIME THAT JAMES AND I HAD WALKED ONTO CAMPUS,

I'’M SURE OVER A DOZEN PEOPLE HAD BEEN MURDERED,

AND WE DIDN'’T KNOW IT.

MALE ANNOUNCER: THIS IS A KLRN NEWS BULLETIN.

A SNIPER WITH A HIGH-POWERED RIFLE

IS FIRING AT PERSONS WITHIN HIS RANGE.

ALL AUSTIN-AREA RESIDENTS ARE WARNED TO STAY AWAY

FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AREA.

SPELCE: IT'’S AN UNBELIEVABLE SIGHT--

THE SERENE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS CAMPUS,

A TEMPERATURE APPROACHING 100 DEGREES NOW,

AND A MADMAN LOCATED ON TOP OF THE UNIVERSITY TOWER

FIRING AND SHOOTING AT ANY MOVABLE TARGET THAT HE CAN SEE.

WOMAN: THE SHOT THAT HIT ME BYPASSED ME

AND RICOCHETED OFF A BUILDING.

EVERYBODY WAS IN A STATE OF PANIC.

MAN: THEN WHAT HAPPENED?

THEN EVERYBODY RAN.

SPELCE, ON RADIO: IT'’S LIKE A BATTLE SCENE.

IT'’S LIKE, THERE IT GOES AND ANOTHER SHOT.

THERE'’S TWO DIFFERENT KINDS OF SHOTS.

APPARENTLY, POLICE ARE RETURNING THE FIRE NOW.

MAN: I GOT LUCKY, CONSIDERING WHAT HAPPENED TO OTHER PEOPLE.

SPELCE, ON RADIO: THERE'’S NO REPORT AS TO WHO THIS MAN MAY BE

OR WHAT HE'’S DOING UP THERE

OR WHAT PROMPTED THIS APPARENT MADNESS.

WOMAN: WE PASSED THE STEPS TO THE UNDERGRADUATE LIBRARY.

AS WE WERE ABOUT TO THE CORNER, HE SHOT...

[GUNSHOT]

AND I LAY THERE FOR ABOUT, OH, PROBABLY 15 OR 20 MINUTES.

WE DIDN'’T KNOW WHO WAS BEING KILLED.

[GUNSHOT]

STUDENTS ON CAMPUS WERE BEING SHOT.

[SIREN]

PEOPLE WERE DYING.

[GUNSHOT]

IT WAS JUST CHAOS.

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I WAS LOOKING THROUGH THE BINOCULARS

WHEN, ALL OF A SUDDEN, I REALIZED,

HE'’S POINTING THAT RIFLE RIGHT AT ME.

[GUNSHOT]

I COULDN'’T BELIEVE HOW CLOSE I'’D GOTTEN TO BEING SHOT.

SPELCE, ON RADIO: WE CAN SEE THE MOVEMENT UNDER THE CLOCK

ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS TOWER,

AND POLICE ARE RETURNING THE FIRE.

THERE'’S THIS GUY WHO'’S SHOOTING AT EVERYONE HE CAN SEE.

WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH HIM?

SPELCE, ON RADIO: THE MAN IS LOCATED

ON THE UNIVERSITY TOWER OBSERVATION DECK

BELOW THE CLOCK, WHICH NOW SHOWS 12:25, AND IS SHOOTING.

HE'’S SHOOTING OUR DIRECTION.

THERE WAS A LOT OF SUFFERING,

AND WE WERE HELPLESS TO DO ANYTHING ABOUT IT.

[SIREN]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I SEE ALL OF THIS BLOOD AND I THINK,

"I DIDN'’T GET A CHANCE TO SAY GOOD-BYE

TO MY MOM AND DAD OR ANYTHING."

THE AMBULANCE DRIVER GOT A CALL.

[GUNSHOTS]

RIGHT AROUND THE CORNER, THERE WAS ANOTHER PERSON

THAT THEY WANTED HIM TO PICK UP.

LOOKING OUT THAT WINDOW, IT WAS JUST A DIRECT SHOT,

AND, OF COURSE, I'’M THINKING,

"IF WE DON'’T GET OUT OF HERE QUICK,

I'’M GOING TO GET SHOT AGAIN."

SPELCE, ON RADIO: HE KNOCKED A BOY OFF A BICYCLE.

HE'’S SHOT WINDOWS OF THE TEXAS UNION.

[GUNSHOTS]

MORE AMBULANCES ARE SCREAMING UP AND DOWN THE UNIVERSITY DRAG,

AND THE AMBULANCES ARE APPARENTLY CARRYING

THOSE PERSONS THAT WE HAD REPORTED

AS LYING ON THE SIDEWALK,

SHOT IN FRONT OF THE VARSITY THEATER

AND OTHER BUILDINGS ALONG THE UNIVERSITY DRAG.

THE UNIVERSITY AREA HAS BEEN CORDONED OFF,

AND SO FAR, WE'’VE HAD REPORTS OF PEOPLE BEING SHUTTLED

TO THE HOSPITAL VIA AMBULANCES FROM PRACTICALLY

ALL THE FUNERAL HOMES IN THE CITY.

[GASPING]

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I DIDN'’T KNOW AT THE TIME,

BUT I WAS LOSING A LOT OF BLOOD.

I FELT LIKE I WAS MELTING.

[GASPING]

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: THE HEAT WAS JUST DEADLY.

UH...

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: THE PAVEMENT WAS SO HOT

THAT IT WAS BURNING THE BACKS OF MY LEGS.

THERE WAS A BUNCH OF STUDENTS, AND I JUST HOLLERED OUT...

ANYBODY GOT A RIFLE?

SOME OLD BOY SAID HE DID.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

MAN: DO YOU WANT TO? YEAH.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I TOOK THE RIFLE FIRST,

BUT, SEE, I'’VE NEVER SHOT A SCOPE.

I WAS RAISED A POOR BOY,

AND A .22 IS THE BIGGEST THING I EVER SHOT.

I WAS SHAKING,

AND WHAT IT WAS IS, I MEAN, IT WASN'’T A NERVOUS SHAKE.

IT WAS THE WOBBLE. YEAH, THE WOBBLE.

I JUST COULDN'’T GET THE CROSSHAIRS

TO CENTER IN ON NOTHING.

THAT BOY SAID HE COULD,

AND LORD KNOWS HE HAD BETTER EYES THAN I DID.

[GUNSHOT]

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: WE WERE IN PARLIN HALL

WHEN BILLY SPEED WAS SHOT.

MY GOD, HE HIT THE COP.

BILLY SPEED--

[GUNSHOT]

I GLANCED DOWN, AND I SAW BILLY GET HIT.

BILLY.

WE HAVE A MAN HERE JUST CAME FROM THE BASE OF THE TOWER.

WHAT'’S YOUR NAME, PLEASE, SIR?

LELAND AMMONS.

BETTER DUCK DOWN A LITTLE BIT HERE.

YOU WERE STANDING BESIDE THE POLICEMAN

WHEN HE WAS SHOT? YES.

WAS THERE JUST ONE SHOT FIRED?

UH, WELL, HE WAS-- HE OPENED FIRE ON US

WHEN HE SAW THE, UH, POLICEMAN

WITH HIS SHOTGUNS CONVERGING.

THE POLICEMAN WAS WALKING.

HE SHOT HIM THROUGH THE, UH, SUPPORTS

NEAR THE STATUE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS.

THE SHOTS CAME NEAR YOU AT THE TIME, THOUGH?

OH, YEAH. THERE WERE SHOTS ALL AROUND.

WOMAN: A COUPLE OF STUDENTS CREPT OUT THE BACK DOOR

AND MADE THEIR WAY TO HIM.

A GIRL HAD TAKEN OFF HER SLIP AND WAS USING IT

TO TRY TO STANCH THE BLEEDING, BUT HE WAS BLEEDING A LOT.

THE GUY THAT WAS WITH HER HAD GOTTEN A LITTLE, TIN CUP

AND HAD FILLED IT WITH WATER.

IT WAS JUST LIKE THE COWBOY MOVIES, RIGHT?

AMMONS: WE, UH, DID ALL WE COULD FOR HIM.

WHETHER HE WAS STILL CONSCIOUS WHEN THEY

CARRIED HIM OFF IN THE AMBULANCE, WE DON'’T KNOW.

IT MAY BE--BE A SUPERFICIAL WOUND.

[GUNSHOT] BILLY.

I SAW HIM GET HIT HERE, SO I--I THOUGHT

HE WAS GONNA BE ALL RIGHT, YOU KNOW?

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: THAT WAS THE MOMENT THAT SEPARATED

THE BRAVE PEOPLE FROM THE SCARED PEOPLE.

I KNEW THAT THERE WAS NO WAY THAT I WAS GOING TO GO OUT THERE

AND HELP THEM.

I DIDN'’T WANT TO GET SHOT.

THAT WAS A DEFINING MOMENT

BECAUSE I REALIZED I WAS A COWARD.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I MET UP WITH BILLY

NOT A COUPLE HOURS BEFORE THAT.

WE JUST TALKED A LITTLE WHILE,

JUST A GOOD-OLD-BOY CONVERSATION.

HE WAS GONNA QUIT.

HE SAID HE WAS GOING TO WORK A COUPLE MORE MONTHS

AND THEN HE WAS GONNA QUIT, GO BACK TO COLLEGE,

AND THAT'’S JUST WHAT HE WAS GONNA DO,

AND, UH, YOU KNOW,

HIS WIFE JUST HAD A BABY AND EVERYTHING.

[GUNSHOT]

IF I SEE SOMEONE...

MAN, VOICE-OVER: HE ASKED ME,

HE SAID... DO I SHOOT HIM?

AND I SAID,

"YOU SHOOT THE [BEEP] OUT OF HIM."

[GUNSHOTS]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: BEFORE I GOT INTO THE TOWER--

THIS IS NOT TOO NICE--

I TOOK UP A POSITION BEHIND A COLUMN AT THE ACADEMIC CENTER...

[PANTING]

[GUNSHOT]

AND I GAVE HIM THE ITALIAN DIGIT.

[GUNSHOT]

HE FIRED ONCE AT THE COLUMN

AND HIT IT, BUT HE DIDN'’T DO IT AGAIN.

I WAITED UNTIL THE INDIVIDUAL STARTED FIRING

ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE TOWER...

[GUNSHOT]

AND THEN RAN ACROSS THE STREET INTO THE TOWER BUILDING.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: YOU COULD SEE THE BODIES LYING ON THE CAMPUS

ON THE MAIN MALL...

[GUNSHOT]

AND WE KNEW THEN THAT THERE WAS NOTHING THAT COULD BE DONE

FROM THAT OFFICE, SO WE WERE INEXTRICABLY DRAWN CLOSER.

WE GOT UP TO THE STATUE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS.

PEOPLE SAY THAT THAT STATUE SHOULD BE TAKEN DOWN,

THAT THAT STATUE HAS NO PLACE BEING THERE

BECAUSE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS AND ALL HE REPRESENTS,

BUT AT LEAST ON THAT DAY, IT GAVE ME A LITTLE SHELTER.

ACROSS FROM THE MAIN MALL, THERE WAS ABOUT A DOZEN STUDENTS

THERE, AS WELL, ALL LOOKING AT THE BODIES LAYING THERE...

AND IT WAS FRUSTRATING, I GUESS.

SOMETHING HAS TO BE DONE, BUT IF I GO OUT THERE...

[GUNSHOTS]

I MIGHT DIE.

[SIREN]

[CAMERA SHUTTER CLICKING]

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: IT LOOKED LIKE A FROZEN SNAPSHOT.

OBVIOUSLY, SOME PEOPLE WERE STILL ALIVE

AND HIDING BEHIND SMALL THINGS.

COUPLE PEOPLE SEEMED REALLY DEAD.

I'’VE NEVER SEEN A DEAD BODY.

I DIDN'’T CARE IF THEY BOMBED THE TOWER.

I JUST WANTED A PLANE TO COME AND TAKE THAT GUY OUT.

SPELCE, ON RADIO: UH, WHAT ELSE DID YOU SEE

AS YOU CAME THROUGH THE CAMPUS?

DID YOU SEE ANY OTHER INJURED PERSONS?

THERE ARE SEVERAL PEOPLE LAYING

OUT ON THE MALL AT THIS TIME.

3 OF THEM MAY BE SHOT, AND THE OTHERS

MAY JUST BE LAYING THERE.

[BANG]

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: A WOMAN WAS LYING ON HER BACK ON THE MALL,

AND SHE WAS OBVIOUSLY PREGNANT AND IN OBVIOUS PAIN.

IT WAS HARD TO WATCH HER AND TO KNOW THAT NO ONE

COULD GET TO HER WITHOUT BEING SHOT THEMSELVES.

[GASPING]

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: UNDER THE BASE OF THE TOWER,

THERE WERE A LOT OF PEOPLE THERE,

AND THEY WERE YELLING,

THEY WERE SAYING, "WE'’VE GOT TO HELP THAT PREGNANT WOMAN,

AND THEN SOMEBODY ELSE YELLED OUT,

"NO. WE'’VE GOT TO HELP THE ONES THAT THERE'’S STILL HOPE FOR."

SO I THOUGHT,

WELL,

I PROBABLY WASN'’T GONNA GET HELP.

HAS ANY EFFORT BEEN MADE TO TRY

TO GET THOSE PERSONS OUT?

ANOTHER SHOT. HE'’S STILL FIRING

REPEATEDLY FROM THE UNIVERSITY TOWER.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I WAS TRYING TO FIGURE OUT

WHAT WAS HAPPENING.

I DIDN'’T FEEL PAIN.

IT FELT MORE LIKE SOMETHING REALLY HEAVY

WAS PRESSING DOWN ON ME.

I THOUGHT IT FELT LIKE AN INVASION FROM OUTER SPACE

BECAUSE I FELT LIKE I HAD BEEN SHOT

BY SOME KIND OF ANTIMATTER GUN.

IT FELT LIKE THAT'’S WHAT WAS HAPPENING...

[ANALOG SYNTHESIZER SOUNDS]

THAT I WAS JUST DISSOLVING.

[APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS]

THEN AT SOME POINT, A GIRL RAN UP.

PLEASE, ARE YOU ALL RIGHT? LET ME HELP YOU.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: SHE CAME UP AND--AND KIND OF KNELT OVER ME,

AND HER HAIR, IT WAS RED AND COMING DOWN.

[GUNSHOTS]

NO. GO. GO.

GO. [GUNSHOT]

GET DOWN!

[BELLS TOLLING HALF-HOUR CHIME]

WHAT'’S YOUR NAME?

IT'’S CLAIRE. CLAIRE?

I'’M RITA.

I'’M HERE WITH YOU NOW, OK?

OHH....

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: HER NAME WAS RITA.

[BANG]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I TRIED TO CALL THE STORE AND MY WIFE.

OHH... [BUSY SIGNAL]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: THE LINES WERE BUSY.

I SAW OFFICER DAY. HE WAS ALONE.

I WENT UP TO HIM, AND I OFFERED MY HELP TO HIM.

LET'’S GO THIS WAY. ALL RIGHT.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: AS IT WENT ON, I MOVED FORWARD

A LITTLE BIT MORE, KIND OF INCHING AROUND,

GETTING A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT VIEWPOINT,

THAT SORT OF THING, AS WE KEPT BROADCASTING.

[GUNSHOTS]

I THINK IT'’S KIND OF A NATURAL INSTINCT.

"HEY, I GOT TO GET CLOSER. I GOT TO SEE WHAT--WHAT'’S GOING ON."

SPELCE, ON RADIO: WE ARE NOT SURE THAT THE POLICE

ARE RETURNING THE FIRE, BUT WE DO HEAR THE SHOTS...

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: BUT I WASN'’T--

BELIEVE ME, I WASN'’T TRYING TO PUT MYSELF IN HARM'’S WAY.

UNDER THE CLOCK ON THE SOUTH SIDE

OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS TOWER,

AND POLICE ARE RETURNING THE FIRE.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: I SAW THIS AIRPLANE CIRCLING THE TOWER.

IT WAS A SINGLE-ENGINE, SMALL AIRPLANE,

BUT THE DRAFTS OF THE HEAT AND THE WIND,

THE AIRPLANE JUST COULDN'’T GET A STEADY SHOT AT THE SNIPER.

THE AUSTIN POLICE DEPARTMENT, THEY DIDN'’T HAVE WEAPONS

THAT WOULD REACH FROM THE GROUND TO THE TOP OF THE TOWER.

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: IT LOOKED LIKE A WAR.

THERE WERE GUNSHOTS COMING FROM EVERYWHERE.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: AT ONE POINT, I SAW A CIVILIAN

CARRYING A DEER RIFLE COMING FROM BEHIND ME

AND RUNNING TOWARD THE TOWER.

I DON'’T KNOW WHERE THESE VIGILANTES CAME FROM,

BUT PARLIN HALL WAS FILLED WITH CIVILIANS WITH HUGE GUNS,

AND THEY BEGAN TO SHOOT BACK.

THERE WAS MASSIVE TESTOSTERONE.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: THIS WAS AN AVERAGE CITIZEN

WHO HEARD MY REPORT ON THE RADIO AND DECIDED TO COME HELP.

WE DIDN'’T KNOW IT AT THE TIME, BUT WHAT WAS HAPPENING WAS,

MY RADIO BROADCAST, THE FEEDS WERE MADE TO THE RADIO NETWORKS

AND TO ALL THE OTHER NEWS OUTLETS AROUND THE COUNTRY.

MALE ANNOUNCER: AT APPROXIMATELY 12:15, THE PHONES AT KTBC

BEGAN TO RING WITH REQUESTS FOR PHONE REPORTS TO RADIO STATIONS

ALL OVER THE NORTH AMERICAN CONTINENT.

REPORTS WERE RECORDED FOR RADIO STATIONS IN ANCHORAGE, ALASKA;

HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA; SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA;

AND EVEN FROM HONOLULU, HAWAII.

DIFFERENT MALE ANNOUNCER: REPEATING, A SNIPER

WITH A HIGH-POWERED RIFLE HAS TAKEN UP A POSITION

ON THE TOWER AT THE CAMPUS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS.

DIFFERENT MALE ANNOUNCER: INTERRUPT THIS PROGRAM TO BRING

YOU A SPECIAL BULLETIN FROM ABC...

SPELCE: ALL OVER THE UNITED STATES,

RADIO STATIONS WERE CALLING IN

TO GET A REPORT OF WHAT'’S GOING ON IN AUSTIN.

MALE ANNOUNCER: YOU ARE LOOKING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS TOWER

IN AUSTIN LIVE.

THERE IS A SNIPER OR MORE THAN ONE SNIPER

LOCATED ON THAT RIDGE RIGHT THERE UNDER THE CLOCK.

ONE BOY WAS SHOT WHILE SITTING IN THE UNION THROUGH THE WINDOW.

TWO OTHERS HAVE BEEN REPORTED SHOT ON THE DRAG,

GUADALUPE STREET.

THERE ARE PEOPLE HIDING BEHIND TREES

ALL OVER THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS CAMPUS.

SEVERAL ARE PINNED DOWN BEHIND RETAINING WALLS

IN FRONT OF THE MAIN BUILDING.

PEOPLE ARE WARNED TO STAY OUT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AREA.

THIS IS A LIVE CAMERA COMING TO YOU FROM KLRN CHANNEL 9.

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: I REALLY DIDN'’T KNOW WHAT TO EXPECT.

SPELCE, ON RADIO: UNIVERSITY TOWER OBSERVATION DECK

BELOW THE--BELOW THE CLOCK AND IS SHOOTING.

HE'’S SHOOTING OUR DIRECTION. WE JUST SAW A PUFF OF SMOKE.

HE FIRED AGAIN. IT'’S A BATTLE NOW.

IT'’S A BATTLE BETWEEN THE SNIPER AND THE POLICE.

MARTINEZ: I COULD HEAR ALL THE--THE SHOOTING...

[SIRENS]

HEAR THE SIRENS.

I KNEW IT WAS A DISASTER, SO TO SPEAK,

BECAUSE THE ONLY ONES WITH SIRENS WERE AMBULANCES.

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I SAW OFFICER MARTINEZ THERE AT 21st STREET...

MARTINEZ!

HEY, OFFICER!

MAN, VOICE-OVER: AND I HOLLERED OUT TO HIM,

BUT HE DIDN'’T HEAR ME.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNFIRE]

[GUNSHOT]

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: I TRIED TO KEEP MYSELF FROM BEING ABLE

TO SEE THE TOP OF THE TOWER BECAUSE I KNEW

IF I COULD SEE THE TOP OF THE TOWER, THE SNIPER COULD SEE ME.

[BANG]

I RAN INTO, UH--

GOT TO THE SOUTH MALL BY THE JEFFERSON DAVIS STATUE.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

THERE WERE WOUNDED PEOPLE AND...

DEAD PEOPLE,

PEOPLE WHOSE CONDITIONS I DID NOT KNOW

LYING THERE ON THE SIDEWALK.

[GUNSHOTS]

[GUNSHOT]

THERE WAS A PREGNANT WOMAN THAT WAS

TWISTING AND WILTING IN THE HOT SUN.

MY TRAINING IN THE ARMY HAD TAUGHT ME

YOU ESTABLISH A COMMAND POST RIGHT AWAY.

THEN YOU ORGANIZE AN ASSAULT TEAM.

[GUNSHOT]

I THOUGHT MAYBE I CAN GO INTO THE TOWER

AND ASSIST THE PEOPLE THAT WERE GOING THERE.

[GUNSHOTS]

[GUNSHOTS]

MY MISSION WAS TO GET INTO THE TOWER.

[GUNSHOT]

RITA: DON'’T WORRY.

WE'’RE GOING TO BE OK.

I'’M TIRED. YEAH.

IT WON'’T BE MUCH LONGER NOW.

DON'’T WORRY.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: WE LAY THERE AND JUST TALKED,

WHICH WAS KIND OF WONDERFUL

BECAUSE IT KEPT ME CONSCIOUS,

AND I DON'’T KNOW WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED HAD I BEEN UNCONSCIOUS.

RITA: WHERE DID--WHERE DID YOU GO TO HIGH SCHOOL, CLAIRE?

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I THINK WE TRIED TO TALK

ABOUT WHO I WAS AND WHO TOM WAS.

CLAIRE, WHAT CLASSES--

WHAT CLASSES ARE YOU TAKING THIS SEMESTER?

I'’M TAKING ANTHROPOLOGY

HMM. WITH TOM.

TELL ME ABOUT TOM.

TOM ECKMAN.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I MET TOM ECKMAN,

THOMAS FREDERICK ECKMAN,

WHEN I WAS BEGINNING THE SIXTH MONTH OF MY PREGNANCY...

DONOVAN: ♪ YELLOW IS THE COLOR OF MY TRUE LOVE'’S HAIR... ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: AND I WAS VISIBLY, NOTICEABLY PREGNANT.

DONOVAN: ♪ IN THE MORNING WHEN WE RISE ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: HE WAS TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHETHER

I WAS PREGNANT OR JUST CHUBBY.

DONOVAN: ♪ IN THE MORNING WHEN WE RISE... ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I THOUGHT HE WAS BEAUTIFUL.

DONOVAN: ♪ THAT'’S THE TIME ♪

♪ THAT'’S THE TIME... ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: HE WAS KIND OF AMAZING AND WONDERFUL.

I DON'’T KNOW.

WE WERE JUST IN LOVE, YOU KNOW,

JUST REALLY JUST TOTALLY CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER.

HE JUST TALKED TO ME ABOUT EVERYTHING,

ABOUT HIS WHOLE LIFE.

DONOVAN: ♪ IN THE MORNING... ♪

HE LAUGHED A LOT,

PLAYED THE BANJO, WHICH WAS REALLY COOL.

HE WANTED TO BE A POET...

DONOVAN: ♪ THAT'’S THE TIME ♪

♪THAT'’S THE TIME ♪

♪I LOVE THE BEST ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: AND WE WERE SO HAPPY.

WE WERE JUST REALLY, REALLY HAPPY.

DONOVAN: ♪BLUE IS THE COLOR OF THE SKY ♪

♪IN THE MORNING... ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: WE JUST COULDN'’T STAY APART,

SO HE MOVED IN WITH US.

DONOVAN: ♪ IN THE MORNING WHEN WE RISE ♪

♪ THAT'’S THE TIME... ♪

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I DON'’T KNOW.

WE JUST FELL IN LOVE, AND, AS IT TURNED OUT,

WE DECIDED TO REGISTER FOR ANTHROPOLOGY TOGETHER.

RITA: HERE. HERE. CAN YOU HEAR ME?

BREATHE. PERFECT.

HEY, BREATHE. BREATHE, QUICK.

HEY...

CAN YOU HEAR ME?

CLAIRE? YEAH?

CAN YOU HEAR ME? YEAH. YEAH.

[GUNSHOT]

THAT'’S A GOOD GIRL.

OHH...

YOU'’RE OK.

[GUNSHOT]

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: I PICKED UP THE PHONE

AND DIALED THE FIRST NUMBER.

I--I GOT A BUSY SIGNAL BECAUSE EVERYTHING WAS JAMMED.

I JUST NEEDED TO GET UPSTAIRS

AND FIND OUT WHAT THE GAME PLAN WAS.

OH, MY GOD, I'’M HEARTILY SORRY FOR HAVING OFFENDED THEE.

I DETEST ALL MY SINS BECAUSE OF THY JUST PUNISHMENT,

MOST OF ALL BECAUSE THEY OFFEND THEE.

MY GOD, YOU ARE ALL GOOD AND DESERVING OF ALL MY LOVE.

I FIRMLY RESOLVE WITH THE HELP OF THY GRACE TO SIN NO MORE

AND TO AVOID THE NEAR OCCASIONS OF SIN.

[BREATHING DEEPLY]

[RATTLING]

[DING]

OH...WHAT'’S GOING ON, JERRY?

HELL, I DON'’T KNOW.

IT'’S GOOD YOU'’RE HERE.

MAN ON RADIO: NEGATIVE. I NEED A UNIT TO MEET THE UT POLICE

AT THE SECURITY BUILDING.

UH, YEAH. THIS IS McCOY. GO AHEAD.

WE NEED A UNIT TO GO TO THE UT SECURITY BUILDING,

AND THEY'’LL GO WITH HIM TO THE 27th FLOOR.

UH, OK.

YOU SAID THE CAMPUS SECURITY BOOTH?

I'’M MEETING OTHER OFFICERS?

21st AND SPEEDWAY.

10-4. I'’M HEADED THAT WAY NOW.

McCOY, VOICE-OVER: HERE COMES CONNOR, SHOQUIST,

SHEPPARD, AND MOE, AND THEY HAD TEARGAS GUNS,

AND I ASKED PHILLIP, I SAID, "DID YOU BRING ANY SHOTGUNS?"

AND HE SAID NO.

WISHED HE HAD.

RITA: CLAIRE, CLAIRE, CAN YOU HEAR ME STILL?

LOOK AT ME, CLAIRE.

[SIRENS]

LOOK AT ME.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: SHE MADE SURE TO KEEP ME TALKING

SO I WOULDN'’T LOSE CONSCIOUSNESS...

RITA: DON'’T WORRY. WE'’RE GOING TO BE OK.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: BUT IT WAS GETTING HARDER AND HARDER

FOR ME TO ANSWER...

RITA: STAY WITH ME.

CLAIRE, JUST LOOK AT ME.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: BUT SHE WAS PERSISTENT.

SHE KEPT ASKING ME QUESTIONS.

IT'’S OK, CLAIRE.

[GASPING]

OH...

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: IT WAS BEAUTIFUL...

[GUNSHOT]

A SELFLESS ACT.

RITA: I KNOW IT HURTS.

JUST HOLD ON A LITTLE LONGER.

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: YOU KNOW, THE SUN WAS DIRECTLY OVERHEAD.

[GUNSHOTS]

I WAS DRESSED IN ALL BLACK LIKE AN IDIOT,

AND I SUDDENLY BEGAN TO FEEL DIZZY AND NAUSEOUS.

I WAS SICK TO MY STOMACH, AND I WAS LOSING MY COORDINATION.

SHE WAS SO, SO PREGNANT.

I COULD SEE HER MOVE.

I KNEW SHE WAS SHOT AND HURT.

I CRAWLED UNDERNEATH THE HEDGES INTO THE SHADE

WHERE IT'’S A LOT COOLER AND QUIETER.

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: IT WAS ENDLESS WAITING,

ENDLESS TERROR...

[GUNSHOT]

DISAPPOINTMENT, AND HOPELESSNESS THAT YOU'’RE NOT ABLE

TO DO ANYTHING TO MAKE IT STOP

OR TO HELP THE PEOPLE THAT ARE SUFFERING.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: EVERY 15 MINUTES...

[BELLS TOLL QUARTER-HOUR CHIME]

THE BELL WOULD RING FROM THE TOP OF THE UT TOWER,

AND I'’D THINK, "THAT'’S 15 MORE MINUTES,

15 MORE MINUTES THEY WERE OUT THERE ON THAT HOT CONCRETE."

[GUNSHOT]

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I THINK I JUST WANTED TO CLOSE MY EYES.

I TRIED NOT TO MOVE.

JUST STAY STILL. IT'’LL BE OK, ALL RIGHT?

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I TRIED TO JUST ASK LIKE I WAS DEAD

SO HE WOULDN'’T SHOOT ME AGAIN.

[GUNSHOT]

THE CONCRETE WAS SO HOT THAT AT SOME POINT,

I JUST DECIDED, "I CAN'’T TAKE IT ANYMORE."

[BANG]

[BANG]

[SNIFFLES]

YEAH.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: WHEN I CAME OUT FROM UNDER THOSE HEDGES,

I KNEW SOMETHING HAD TO BE DONE.

[GUNSHOT]

SOMEONE HAD TO GO OUT THERE AND GET THEM.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I JUST REMEMBER LOOKING UP AT THE SKY--

IT WAS SO BLUE--

AND JUST THINKING,

"I GUESS THIS IS IT."

"I GUESS THIS IS THE END."

MAN, VOICE-OVER: THAT'’S WHEN I DECIDED TO GO OUT THERE.

WE HAD TO MOVE FAST. WE KNEW THAT.

YOU CAN SEE. THERE WAS A CAMERA.

TIME MOVED STRANGELY, SLOWLY.

I GRABBED CLAIRE'’S FEET.

JAMES GRABBED CLAIRE'’S ARMS.

CLAIRE: AH! TOM!

[GASPING]

TOM...

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I'’VE NEVER BEEN MORE SCARED.

I'’VE NEVER BEEN MORE SCARED...

AND WE RAN THEM OFF.

WE RAN HER IN TO SAFETY, TO BEHIND THE HEDGE,

AND SET HER DOWN,

AND, UH, OTHER PEOPLE TOOK HER WHERE THE AMBULANCES WERE.

[GUNSHOT]

THERE'’S A--THERE'’S A COLD SPOT

THAT I CAN FEEL ON MY BACK RIGHT NOW,

AND WHEN I THINK ABOUT IT, IT'’S ABOUT THE SIZE OF A GRAPE.

IT'’S ALL THE W-- HALFWAY UP MY SPINE.

IT'’S HALFWAY BETWEEN MY SHOULDER BLADES,

AND IT'’S THE PLACE I EXPECTED THE BULLET TO COME IN

IF I WAS HIT.

AS I WENT DOWN THE STAIRS,

THE GLASSES SLOWLY--

I WAS--I WAS SWEATING LIKE A PIG.

THE GLASSES SLOWLY CAME OFF MY FACE.

EVERYTHING WAS--TURNED INTO A COMPLETE BLUR FOR ME

WITHOUT THOSE GLASSES, AND I COULDN'’T SEE A THING.

UH, I HAD TO GO BACK, UH, OUT,

UH, OUT FROM COVER AGAIN, TO PICK UP MY GLASSES.

[GUNSHOT]

HER BOYFRIEND...

HE WAS--HE WAS-- HE WAS ALSO CARRIED OFF.

MALE ANNOUNCER: ONE OF THOSE WHO IS OUT OF BREATH NOW

AFTER RUNNING OUT ONTO THE MALL RESCUING THOSE

WHO'’VE BEEN SHOT IS BREHAN ELLISON OF AUSTIN,

WHO'’S BEEN IN VIETNAM, HAS BEEN BACK FOR TWO YEARS.

BREHAN, HOW MANY HAVE YOU GONE OUT TO RESCUE?

TODAY TWO.

WHAT DID YOU HAVE TO DO?

RUN HARD AND KEEP LOW.

DID YOU HAVE ANY TROUBLE GETTING THEM UP,

OR DID ANY SHOTS COME CLOSE TO YOU

WHILE YOU WERE OUT THERE?

NO SHOTS CAME CLOSE TO ME.

JUST THE LAST ONE, HE WAS DEAD.

HE WAS DEAD WEIGHT.

HE WAS A LITTLE HARD TO PICK UP, TOO LIMP,

NOT LIKE SOMEONE WHO'’S KNOCKED OUT.

HOW MANY HAVE YOU SEEN THAT ARE DEAD TODAY?

JUST ONE. I HOPE NOT ANY MORE.

[GUNSHOTS]

I KNEW WHAT I HAD TO DO.

KNOWING I HAD TO WALK UP THOSE STAIRS WAS A LONELY FEELING.

MAN: WHERE ARE YOU GOING?

UP.

I'’M GOING WITH YOU.

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: WHEN WE REACHED THE FIRST LANDING,

I COULD SEE THE FACE OF A--OF A YOUNG BOY.

GOOD LORD.

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: HIS EYES WERE OPEN, AND HE WAS DEAD.

I QUICKLY TURNED AROUND THE CORNER,

AND I SAW A YOUNG WOMAN-- A DEAD, YOUNG WOMAN--

LYING AT HIS FEET,

AND THERE WAS ANOTHER WOMAN LYING THERE,

AND WE TURNED HER ON HER SIDE

TO KEEP HER FROM DROWNING IN HER OWN BLOOD.

THERE WAS A YOUNG MAN THAT WAS WOUNDED

SLUMPED AGAINST THE WALL, STILL CONSCIOUS.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: THE BOY THAT WAS AT THE FOOT OF THE STAIRS

SAW US.

MARTINEZ AND I ASKED HIM

HOW MANY PEOPLE WERE SHOOTING...

[CLEARS THROAT]

AND HE REPLIED, "ONE."

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: HE SAID, "HE'’S OUTSIDE,"

AND HE POINTED UPSTAIRS.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNFIRE]

SO ARE WE PLAYING FOR KEEPS?

DAMN RIGHT WE ARE.

I GUESS YOU'’D BETTER DEPUTIZE ME, THEN.

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: I LOOKED AT HIM, AND I--

I THOUGHT HE WAS AN OFFICER FROM--FROM SOME OTHER AGENCY.

CONSIDER YOURSELF DEPUTIZED.

ALL RIGHT. READY?

I'’LL COVER YOU.

[GUNSHOT]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: WE WORKED OUR WAY INTO THE ROOM...

AND FOUND A WOMAN LYING ON HER BACK BEHIND THE SOFA.

SHOULD WE--

GOT TO KEEP GOING.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOTS]

THE SHOOTING OUTSIDE SOUNDED JUST LIKE ROLLING THUNDER.

[GUNSHOTS]

YOU GOT ME?

[GUNSHOT]

I GOT YOU.

UH!

MAN, VOICE-OVER: MARTINEZ WENT TO THE DOOR,

AND HE HAD TROUBLE GETTING THE DOOR OPEN.

McCOY, VOICE-OVER: WELL, TIME'’S PASSING,

BUT...

YOU DON'’T FEEL LIKE TIME'’S PASSING.

DO YOU UNDERSTAND THAT?

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

LET'’S GO.

YOU NEED TO COVER THAT CORNER.

ANYONE COMES AROUND THERE, YOU SHOOT THEM.

[GUNSHOTS]

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOTS]

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOTS]

I'’LL COVER THIS CORNER.

YOUR FELLOW OFFICER WENT DOWN THIS WAY.

McCOY, VOICE-OVER: CRUM SAID, "ARE YOU GOING TO GO OUT

AND HELP YOUR FELLOW OFFICER?"

GUESS I, UH--

GUESS I AIN'’T GOT MUCH CHOICE NOW, DO I?

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOTS]

PSST.

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: I TURNED AND SAW AN OFFICER I KNEW--

HOUSTON McCOY.

ALL I HAD WAS MY .38

SO THAT--THAT SHOTGUN LOOKED PRETTY BEAUTIFUL AT THAT MOMENT.

GET DOWN.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOTS]

[GUNSHOT]

THE OTHER TWO OFFICERS WENT THIS WAY.

I'’LL COVER YOU. GOT IT.

McCOY, VOICE-OVER: PICTURE CAME IN MY MIND--MY BOYS AND MY WIFE,

AND IMMEDIATELY, IT WENT OUT OF MY MIND.

[GUNSHOT]

I DIDN'’T HAVE A FEAR OF BEING KILLED.

I REALLY DIDN'’T.

THERE WAS NO TIME TO THINK ABOUT FEAR.

NOW, I'’D BE A FOOL OR A LIAR

IF I WERE TO SAY I WAS NOT SCARED.

I WAS SCARED,

BUT YOU PUT THAT BEHIND YOU.

YOU CANNOT HAVE FEAR IN FRONT OF YOU AND DO YOUR JOB.

McCOY: I JUST KNEW THAT I WASN'’T GONNA ALLOW ANYBODY

TO MAKE ME DEAD.

I HEARD THE SUBJECT RUNNING ON THE WALKWAY.

I FIRED ONE ROUND IN AN ATTEMPT TO STOP HIM.

[GUNSHOT] WHAT THE HELL?

SORRY.

I HEARD HIM RUN THE OTHER DIRECTION.

McCOY, VOICE-OVER: IT'’S GONNA TAKE LONGER TO TELL YOU

THAN IT DID TO DO IT.

I EMPTIED MY GUN.

THERE WAS SOME FIRING,

AND THEN IT WAS ALL OVER.

[GUNSHOT]

[CLATTERING]

[GUNSHOT]

BY THE TIME I HAD EMPTIED MY PISTOL...

BY THE TIME I HAD EMPTIED MY PISTOL...

McCOY FIRED.

McCOY WAS PRETTY CLOSE.

I GRABBED THAT SHOTGUN FROM McCOY,

AND I SHOT HIM ONE MORE TIME AS HE WAS HITTING THE GROUND.

[CLATTERING]

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: AFTER THAT WAS DONE,

MY KNEES FELT LIKE RUBBER.

I FELT LIKE I HAD BEEN HIT BY A SLEDGEHAMMER.

I MEAN, ALL MY ENERGY LEFT ME, AND I WAS SHAKING.

ROUNDS, BULLETS WERE STILL COMING UP...

[GUNSHOT]

AND I SAID, "I HAD ENOUGH," AND I LEFT.

SPELCE, ON RADIO: THE CAMPUS, FOR ALL PRACTICAL PURPOSES,

HAS BEEN CLEARED.

POLICE GOT TO THE TOWER AND ARE KEEPING ALL THE PERSONS

IN THE UNIVERSITY TOWER AND THE MAIN BUILDING

FROM COMING OUT AND WALKING ACROSS THE CAMPUS.

THE UNIVERSITY AREA HAS BEEN CORDONED OFF...

CRUM, VOICE-OVER: I WAVED MY HANDKERCHIEF TO STOP THE FIRING

FROM DOWN ON THE GROUND.

[GUNSHOTS]

MAN, VOICE-OVER: ONCE THAT FLAG WAVED, I KNEW IT WAS OVER THEN.

IT WAS, UH, BAM, BAM, BAM, BAM.

YOU KNOW, IT WAS JUST-- BECAUSE WE HAD--

YOU HAD DOZENS OF GUNMEN FIRING AT THE TOWER

FROM ALL DIRECTIONS, AND THEY SLOWLY STOPPED.

MALE ANNOUNCER: LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, WE HAVE THIS WORD

JUST IN TO THE NEWSROOM.

THE SNIPER HAS BEEN SEEN WAVING A WHITE FLAG

ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE BUILDING.

ACCORDING TO REPORTS JUST IN TO OUR NEWSROOM,

THE SNIPER HAS BEEN SEEN WAVING A WHITE FLAG

ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE BUILDING.

THIS IS NEAL SPELCE WITH A BULLETIN

FROM THE KTBC RADIO NEWSROOM.

THE SNIPER IS DEAD.

THIS IS NEAL SPELCE WITH A BULLETIN

FROM THE KTBC RADIO NEWSROOM.

THE SNIPER IS DEAD.

THE FIRING HAS NOW STOPPED, AND THE TIME, IT'’S 1:23...

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: WHEN I SAID, "THE SNIPER IS DEAD,"

IT WAS LIKE--

IT WAS LIKE A--A BIG, WHOOSH, SIGH OF RELIEF.

THE SIRENS ALL OF A SUDDEN STARTED GETTING SILENT.

UH, THE BULLETS STOPPED...

AND IT WAS QUIET.

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: SOMEONE WAVED A FLAG,

AND I WALKED AROUND.

THERE WAS BLOOD EVERYWHERE.

PEOPLE JUST SURGED OUT OF THE BUILDING.

WE ALL WALKED UP THE STEPS.

IT SEEMS LIKE WE FILLED THE MALL.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: IT WAS A FEW PEOPLE AT FIRST

AND THEN DOZENS AND THEN HUNDREDS.

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: I DON'’T REMEMBER ANYONE

BEING ARTICULATE ABOUT WHAT HAD HAPPENED...

YOU KNOW, JUST, UM, SHOCK AND AWE,

KIND OF A BLANKNESS.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: THEY LOOKED LIKE THEY WERE MESMERIZED.

THEY--THEY WEREN'’T HUGGING EACH OTHER.

UH, THEY WEREN'’T TALKING TO EACH OTHER.

MOST OF THEM WERE JUST KIND OF MILLING, WALKING AROUND

AS IF DAZED AND WONDERING,

"WHAT IN THE WORLD HAS HAPPENED TO MY WORLD?"

WOMAN, VOICE-OVER: THEY DIDN'’T KNOW THE NAMES OF THE PEOPLE

WHO HAD DIED, AND WE DIDN'’T KNOW WHAT HAD HAPPENED

UNTIL LATER THAT DAY.

IT WAS A SAD TIME, A VERY SAD TIME,

NOT ONLY FOR THE PEOPLE WHO LOST OR WERE LOSING THEIR LOVED ONES,

BUT FOR THE WHOLE CAMPUS,

THE WHOLE TOWN, AND THE STATE.

IT WAS NOT SOMETHING YOU WOULD EXPECT FROM OUR BEAUTIFUL TOWER.

MAN, VOICE-OVER: I JUST SAT THERE

AND WATCHED, UH, PEOPLE GATHER.

IT WAS SOMETHING THAT I HAD BEEN A PART FOR--

FOR, UH, AN HOUR AND A HALF.

IT WAS DONE FOR ME.

[SIRENS APPROACHING]

MALE ANNOUNCER: THE TRAVIS COUNTY BLOOD BANK HAS ASKED

TO PLEASE COME IMMEDIATELY.

THERE IS AN URGENT NEED FOR THESE TYPES OF BLOOD--

TYPE O-POSITIVE, TYPE O-NEGATIVE,

TYPE A-POSITIVE.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I WAS BEGGING THEM NOT TO CUT OFF

MY DRESS BECAUSE IT WAS, UH, THE FIRST DAY I'’D WORN IT.

IT WAS MY FIRST AND ONLY MATERNITY DRESS.

IT WAS VERY BEAUTIFUL. TOM HAD HELPED ME PICK IT OUT.

[SIREN]

BOY, VOICE-OVER: MY DAD WAS WORKING DOWNTOWN

IN THE SHOE REPAIR SHOP, AND THEN SOMEBODY CAME UP TO HIM

AND ASKED HIM IF HE KNEW WHAT WAS GOING ON.

MY DAD SAID NO, AND THE GUY SAID,

"WELL, THERE'’S BEEN A LOT OF SHOOTING GOING ON."

HE SAID, "YEAH,. THERE'’S A LOT OF SHOOTING GOING ON,

"AND, OH, BY THE WAY, YOUR SON

HAS BEEN SHOT, AND HE WAS KILLED."

HE WENT HOME, PICKED UP MY MOM, AND THE TWO OF THEM

RUSHED OVER TO THE HOSPITAL.

HE--HE DID NOT WANT TO BELIEVE THAT

UNTIL IT WAS SOMETHING THAT HE--HE COULD--

THAT COULD BE CONFIRMED, WHEREAS MY MOTHER

WAS RESPONDING, UH...

I GUESS, LIKE A MOTHER.

MY PARENTS DIDN'’T FIND OUT FOR SEVERAL HOURS THAT I WAS OK.

MALE ANNOUNCER: IT'’S A MADHOUSE HERE AT BRACKENRIDGE HOSPITAL.

AT LEAST 17 PERSONS ARE HERE UNDERGOING TREATMENT.

WE HAVE HAD UNCONFIRMED REPORTS THAT TWO PERSONS HAVE DIED.

WE HAVE A LIST OF THE NAMES.

THESE NAMES WERE JUST GIVEN TO US

BY THE HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATOR.

THE VICTIMS HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AS OSCAR ROYUELA, BILLY SPEED,

ROBERT BOYER, PAUL SONNTAG,

UH, ROY SCHMIDT, BILLY SNOWDEN--

DIFFERENT MALE ANNOUNCER: JOE, HOLD IT. NOW HOLD JUST A MINUTE.

THIS IS PAUL OVER AT THE NEWSROOM.

WHAT WAS THAT LIST OF NAMES AGAIN, PLEASE?

ONE OF THE PEOPLE WHO CAME RUSHING INTO OUR NEWSROOM

TO HELP OUT WAS, UH, PAUL BOLTON.

HE HAD GONE INTO SEMI-RETIREMENT,

AND I HAD TAKEN OVER HIS POSITION

AS, UH, THE TELEVISION NEWS DIRECTOR.

PAUL WAS WORKING THERE IN THE NEWSROOM

WHEN JOE READ THE LIST OF NAMES,

AND PAUL REACTED, UH, DRAMATICALLY AT THAT POINT.

JOE: UH, ROY SCHMIDT, BILLY SNOWDEN--

BOLTON: JOE, HOLD IT. NOW HOLD JUST A MINUTE.

THIS IS PAUL OVER AT THE NEWSROOM.

JOE: YES.

BOLTON: EVERYONE IS INTERESTED IN THAT LIST OF NAMES.

I THINK YOU HAVE MY GRANDSON ON THERE.

GO OVER THAT LIST OF NAMES AGAIN, PLEASE.

[SNIFFLES]

"I THINK YOU HAVE MY--"

[SNIFFLES]

UH...

"I THINK YOU HAVE MY GRANDSON."

[SNIFFLES]

"I THINK YOU HAVE MY GRANDSON ON THAT LIST,"

UH, AND JOE SAID, "OK.

OK. I'’LL DO THAT," AND HE WENT THROUGH THE--

THE LIST AGAIN, AND, YEAH,

UH, IT WAS HIS NAMESAKE GRANDSON--PAUL BOLTON SONNTAG.

DIDN'’T KNOW AT THE TIME IF HE'’D BEEN KILLED,

BUT HE WAS.

FRANKLY, I JUST BROKE UP NOW. I THINK IT'’S--

[SNIFFLES]

I THINK IT'’S BECAUSE I HAVE GRANDCHILDREN.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I WAS IN INTENSIVE CARE FOR 7 WEEKS.

RITA CAME TO SEE ME WHEN I WAS IN THE HOSPITAL.

HOW ARE YOU FEELING?

UM...

[CLEARS THROAT]

I'’M, UH-- I'’M DOING BETTER NOW.

I--I MADE YOU SOMETHING.

IT'’S NOTHING MUCH. I JUST--

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: SHE CAME AND BROUGHT ME

A PAINTING SHE HAD DONE.

I WAS JUST, YOU KNOW, INCREDIBLY TOUCHED BY HER BRINGING THAT,

AND I THINK THAT'’S THE ONLY TIME WE SAW EACH OTHER AFTER THAT.

ONLY RECENTLY I'’VE REALIZED

HOW REALLY AMAZINGLY BRAVE THAT WAS OF HER.

ARE YOU ALL RIGHT? LET ME HELP YOU.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: WE'’VE HEARD FROM ALL SORTS OF PEOPLE

INVOLVED IN THIS HOW TERRIFIED THEY WERE,

AND YET, SHE CAME RIGHT UP TO ME.

I MEAN, THAT WAS VERY SELFLESS.

WHY DID YOU DO THAT, YOU KNOW?

WHAT GAVE YOU THE COURAGE TO COME OUT AND DO THAT,

AND WERE YOU AFRAID?

WERE YOU AFRAID THAT YOU WERE GOING TO GET KILLED?

MAN, VOICE-OVER: FOR A PERSON TO BE SO GIVING AS TO GO LAY DOWN

ON HOT CONCRETE ON A 100-DEGREE DAY...

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: SOMEHOW, YOU KNOW, THAT SITUATION

JUST PULLED OUT THAT HERO IN HER.

MAN: THERE'’S A SPECIAL PLACE IN HEAVEN FOR PEOPLE LIKE THAT.

SHE'’S A--A WONDERFUL WOMAN.

SPELCE, VOICE-OVER: AS OUR VARIOUS REPORTERS

AND PHOTOGRAPHERS WERE BRINGING THE FILM BACK FOR PROCESSING,

WE WERE GETTING THEIR STORIES AND THEIR INFORMATION.

AS WE GOT A FULLER PICTURE OF WHERE THE DAMAGE WAS

AND LOOKED AT THE FILM, UH, IT WAS EVEN MORE HORRIFYING,

UH, THAN--THAN YOU COULD IMAGINE.

MALE ANNOUNCER: KTBC TELEVISION NEWS NOW PRESENTS

A SPECIAL PROGRAM ON TODAY'’S MASS MURDER IN THE CAPITAL CITY.

HERE IS KTBC TELEVISION NEWS EDITOR NEAL SPELCE.

SPELCE: GOOD EVENING.

ONE OF HISTORY'’S WORST MASS MURDERS

OCCURRED HERE IN AUSTIN TODAY.

BY OFFICIAL COUNT TONIGHT, 49 PERSONS WERE HIT BY GUNFIRE.

THERE ARE 16 DEAD AND 33 INJURED.

IT STARTED LAST NIGHT WHEN A MAN

REPORTEDLY KILLED HIS WIFE AND HIS MOTHER.

THAT SAME MAN APPARENTLY ROUNDED UP AN ARSENAL

AND SUPPLIES THIS MORNING AND THEN WENT

TO THE OBSERVATION DECK OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS TOWER.

IT WAS THEN THAT TERROR RAINED DOWN FROM THE TOWER.

CHARLES J. WHITMAN WAS SHOT DOWN ON THE OBSERVATION DECK

BY TWO CITY POLICEMEN.

THE POLICEMEN WERE AIDED BY AN AUSTIN MAN--ALLEN CRUM.

THE STORY OF HOW THEY ENDED THE 90 MINUTES OF TERROR

WAS TOLD THIS AFTERNOON AT A NEWS CONFERENCE

HELD BY AUSTIN POLICE CHIEF BOB MILES.

MAN: DID YOU GUYS SHOOT AS SOON AS YOU SAW HIM?

DIFFERENT MAN: DID ANYBODY ASK HIM TO SURRENDER OR GIVE UP

OR ANYTHING BEFORE ALL THE FIRING STARTED?

NO. AS I SAID JUST A MOMENT AGO,

OH, MR. CRUM FIRED ONE SHOT INTO THE WEST WALL.

WHEN OFFICER MARTINEZ LOOKED AROUND THE CORNER,

MR. WHITMAN HAD HIS GUN LEVELED OUT AND READY TO SHOOT.

OFFICER MARTINEZ HAD NO WAY OF KNOWING WHETHER--

WHETHER, OH, OH, OFFICER DAY

OR MR. CRUM HAD ALREADY

COME OUT AND WERE IN A POSITION TO BE SHOT.

MARTINEZ: AT THE NEWS CONFERENCE, OF COURSE,

IT WAS McCOY, JERRY DAY, ALLEN CRUM, AND MYSELF.

MAN: DID YOU THINK YOU WOULD HAVE TO SHOOT HIM?

MILES: IF YOU DON'’T MIND, I'’LL--

I'’LL DO THE TALKING FOR THE GROUP, AND NO. NO.

UH, IF I'’M WRONG, MR. MARTINEZ CAN STOP ME

AND, UH, CORRECT ME ON IT.

MARTINEZ, VOICE-OVER: REPORTERS ASKED QUESTIONS,

AND, UH, CHIEF MILES ANSWERED ALL THE QUESTIONS.

WE WERE JUST THERE FOR SHOW AND TELL, SO TO SPEAK,

BECAUSE HE--HE HANDLED IT.

MAN: THE MAN HERE BESIDE ME IS ALLEN CRUM.

HE WAS DEPUTIZED TO GO UP ON THE TOWER

WITH THE TWO POLICEMEN WHO ENDED THE GUN BATTLE.

YOU GOT ME?

I GOT YOU.

MR. CRUM, COULD YOU TELL US HOW YOU HAPPENED

TO BE IN THE TOWER BUILDING IN THE FIRST PLACE?

WELL, I, UH...

[CLEARS THROAT]

BECAME INVOLVED IN THIS WHEN I LOOKED

OUT OF THE CO-OP WINDOWS AND SAW A BOY

SHOT ACROSS THE STREET.

I WENT ACROSS THE STREET TO INVESTIGATE

BECAUSE I THOUGHT IT WAS A SMALL FIGHT,

AND AS I STEPPED OUT THE DOOR,

I HEARD THE SOUND OF SHOTS.

AND YOU ACTUALLY WENT INTO THE TOWER?

UH, YES, SIR.

I COULDN'’T GET BACK ACROSS THE STREET

BECAUSE OF MY FEAR THAT I MIGHT GET SHOT MYSELF,

SO I WENT TO THE NEXT BUILDING

AND THE NEXT BUILDING,

THOUGHT PERHAPS I COULD HELP THEM

WHEN I GOT OVER THERE, SO I WAITED TILL HE SHOT

FROM THE OTHER SIDE OF THE TOWER

AND THEN RAN INTO IT MYSELF.

MR. CRUM, I KNOW THAT I SPEAK

FOR ALL THE CITIZENS OF--OF AUSTIN IN EXPRESSING

OUR GRATITUDE TO YOU AND TO THE AUSTIN

POLICE OFFICERS WHO PUT AN END TO THE--

TO THE REIGN OF TERROR

ON THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS CAMPUS.

I'’VE NEVER KNOWN BRAVER MEN.

THEIR DECISIONS WERE CORRECT, TIMELY DONE,

AND ACCOMPLISHED IN AN HONORABLE MANNER.

IF I HAD TO DO THIS OVER AGAIN WITH THESE MEN,

I CERTAINLY WOULD.

THE CHIEF OF POLICE OFFERED ME A CHECK FROM THE CITY OF AUSTIN

FOR ONE DAY'’S DEPUTIZED CITIZEN'’S PAY.

I REFUSED IT, OF COURSE.

McCOY, VOICE-OVER: SOMEHOW, WE ENDED UP

OUT ON AIRPORT BOULEVARD IN A VACANT LOT

WITH A CASE OF LONE STAR BEER, TOOK OFF OUR WEAPONS,

STILL DRESSED IN OUR BLUES AND EVERYTHING LIKE THAT,

BUT...

WE WASN'’T POLICEMEN NO MORE.

IF I WOULD HAVE JUST GONE IN,

IF I HAD JUST GONE RIGHT UP TO THAT ELEVATOR,

PRESSED THAT BUTTON TO THE TOP FLOOR...

GO ON IN, AND GET HIM DONE...

GO UP AND GET HIM DONE,

AND BILLY SPEED'’D STILL BE ALIVE...

BILLY.

AND A LOT OF OTHER, I'’M SURE, BUT--

BUT--BUT--BUT DIDN'’T HAPPEN THAT WAY.

[SIGHS]

SHOULDA, COULDA,

BUT I DIDN'’T.

SH--SHOULD--I COULD HAVE. SHOULDA--

SHOULDA, COULDA, BUT DIDN'’T,

SO...

I DON'’T KNOW.

MARTINEZ: WELL, TO SAY IT HASN'’T AFFECTED ME IN MY LIFE

UH, IT WOULDN'’T BE A--A TRUTHFUL STATEMENT,

BUT I HAVE, UM, TRIED.

I HAVE TRIED TO JUST FORGET IT.

I HATE TO SEE PEOPLE GET HURT, BUT, YOU KNOW,

YOU HAVE TO BE REALISTIC AND KNOW

THAT THESE THINGS ARE GONNA HAPPEN,

AND SO YOU HAVE TO HAVE A WAY HOW TO COPE WITH IT,

HOW TO TAKE CARE OF THE PROBLEMS.

[CAMERA SHUTTER CLICKING]

McCOY: IF SOMEBODY WERE TO ASK HOW YOU FEEL,

WELL--WELL, I CAN SAY NO WORDS.

I'’VE--IT'’S SOMETHING-- I'’VE BEEN ASKED THAT BEFORE,

"HOW--HOW DID IT MAKE YOU FEEL?"

AND THEN I KIND OF HAVE TO SAY, "WELL, HOW WOULD I DESCRIBE

THE COLORS OR A RAINBOW TO A PERSON BORN BLIND?"

YOU KNOW, YOU CAN'’T BECAUSE THERE AIN'’T NO WORDS.

UH, I DON'’T KNOW. HEH.

THIS IS THE SHIRT THAT I WAS WEARING,

AND I MUST HAVE WEIGHED ABOUT 90 POUNDS

WHEN--WHEN THIS SHOOTING HAPPENED.

SEE THAT LITTLE TEAR RIGHT THERE?

THAT'’S WHERE THE BULLET JUST KIND OF--PYOOP!

[GUNSHOT]

THIS IS MY COUSIN LEE ZAMORA.

HE WAS WITH ME WHEN I WAS RIDING THE BICYCLE

AND DELIVERING NEWSPAPERS

AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS TOWER.

ZAMORA: I WAS JUST THINKING, YOU KNOW, I'’VE NEVER

TALKED TO ANYONE ABOUT THIS BEFORE...

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOT]

AND THOUGHT, YOU KNOW, MAYBE IT'’LL HELP ME,

YOU KNOW, DO SOME GOOD TO SIT AND TALK--

TALK ABOUT IT TO SOMEONE FOR--YOU KNOW, FOR ONCE.

MAYBE IT'’S SOMETHING I NEED TO DO.

[SIREN]

HAD YOU FOLKS NOT GIVEN US THIS OPPORTUNITY,

I WOULD NOT HAVE SEEN THIS COUSIN OF MINE.

I DO NOW. WELL, BEEN A LONG TIME,

I MEAN, ALMOST 50 YEARS.

IT WAS JUST A WHOLE DIFFERENT WORLD.

NOBODY EVER TALKED ABOUT IT.

MAN: I DIDN'’T MEET CLAIRE, UH,

UNTIL, UM, A FEW MONTHS AGO.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: I NEVER KNEW WHO ARTLY WAS.

I FINALLY DECIDED MAYBE HE WAS JUST AN ANGEL OR SOMETHING.

ARTLY, VOICE-OVER: I WAS 17. I'’D--I'’D NEVER SEEN DEATH.

I--I DIDN'’T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT GUNS.

IT WAS NOTHING BUT A--A BIG, RAW, GAPING WOUND,

YOU KNOW, IN MY PSYCHE, IN MY MEMORY.

THERE'’S BEEN A PASSAGE OF TIME, AND, UH, UH, IT'’S--

THE--THE--THE--THE--

IT'’S STILL RAW, BUT IT'’S NOT AS RAW AS IT ONCE WAS.

A LOT OF TIMES, THE WORST DAYS

OF YOUR LIVES ARE PERSONAL

AND, UH, UH, PRIVATE.

MAYBE THAT'’S WHY I'’VE-- I SORT OF, UM,

UM, UM, HID IT INSIDE.

[SNIFFLES]

ARTLY, VOICE-OVER: I FEEL GUILTY

BECAUSE I DIDN'’T GO OUT SOON ENOUGH...

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: OH, ARTLY, NO.

YOU KNOW, THAT YOU WERE--

ARTLY, OH... YEAH,

SO I THINK-- I THINK GUILT COMES

WITH, UH, EVENTS LIKE-- EVENTS LIKE THIS,

YEAH, YEAH... STRANGE GUILT.

ARTLY, VOICE-OVER: UT WAS CLOSED FOR ONE DAY.

THAT WAS IT.

THEY CAME IN AND CLEANED UP THE BLOOD.

I THINK THE UNIVERSITY SHOULD PUT UP A MEMORIAL.

THERE'’S STILL LOTS OF FAMILY AND LOTS OF FRIENDS

OF PEOPLE THAT WERE KILLED AND INJURED.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: "PAUL SONNTAG, CLAUDIA RUTT,

"ROBERT BOYER, BILLY SPEED,

"ROY SCHMIDT, EDNA TOWNSLEY,

"MARGUERITE LAMPORT, MARK GABOUR,

"THOMAS ECKMAN,

"HARRY WALCHUK, THOMAS ASHTON,

"THOMAS KARR, KAREN GRIFFITH,

DAVID GUNBY," AND MY BABY.

THEY SAID I COULD HAVE BABIES, BUT I NEVER GOT PREGNANT,

BUT I GOT TO ADOPT MY CHILD.

I ADOPTED MY CHILD SIRAK.

HE WAS BORN IN ETHIOPIA, AND I ADOPTED HIM

WHEN HE WAS 4, AND, UM, HE'’S NOW 27.

I MEAN, SIRAK WAS A WONDERFUL CHILD, AND THERE ARE TIMES--

EVEN THOUGH HIS SKIN IS BROWN AND MINE'’S WHITE,

THERE ARE TIMES WHEN I ABSOLUTELY CANNOT REMEMBER

THAT HE DIDN'’T COME OUT OF ME,

BUT THE BABY, I--

I DREAMED ABOUT HIM FROM THE BEGINNING,

AND I STILL HAVE DREAMS THAT I FOUND HIM

AND I HAVE HIM AND I'’M SO HAPPY,

BUT THEN I LOOK AWAY OR SOMETHING, AND HE'’S GONE.

[GUNSHOT]

[GUNSHOTS]

ARTLY, VOICE-OVER: I REMEMBER LOOKING AT THE TOWER, OF COURSE,

A LOT, AND FROM THE MAIN MALL, YOU CAN SEE, UH,

THERE'’S A--A BIBLICAL-- A LINE FROM THE BIBLE--

"YE SHALL KNOW THE TRUTH, AND THE TRUTH SHALL MAKE YOU FREE."

I'’VE THOUGHT ABOUT IT.

[SNIFFLES]

ONE OF THE TRUTHS I LEARNED...

[SNIFFLES]

IS THAT THERE ARE MONSTERS THAT WALK AMONG US.

[SIREN]

THERE ARE PEOPLE OUT THERE THAT THINK UNTHINKABLE THOUGHTS

AND THEN DO UNTHINKABLE THINGS.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: THROUGH THE YEARS, HE REMAINED

LARGELY KIND OF WOODEN IN MY MIND,

BUT THE LONGER I'’VE LIVED AND THE MORE I'’VE SEEN

THESE PRECIOUS, LITTLE CHILDREN WHO GROW UP

AND DO SOMETIMES HORRIBLE THINGS,

THE MORE I HAVE COME TO THINK OF HIM

AS A VERY CONFUSED, VERY DAMAGED YOUNG MAN.

HE DIED AT ABOUT 25.

THERE'’S A PICTURE OF HIM STANDING AT 3 YEARS OLD

HOLDING A RIFLE ON EITHER SIDE ON THE BEACH.

I JUST THINK OF HIM, HE--HE WAS THAT 3-YEAR-OLD

WHO WOULD HAVE BEEN SITTING IN MY LAP, YOU KNOW.

I'’M A TEACHER, AND I LOVE THAT AGE,

SO MUCH PROMISE AND SO MUCH HOPE.

HOW CAN I HATE SOMEBODY LIKE THAT?

I CAN'’T HATE HIM IN SPITE OF

THE INCREDIBLE DAMAGE THAT HE'’S DONE.

I CAN'’T HATE HIM. I JUST CAN'’T DO THAT.

MAN: DO YOU FORGIVE HIM?

I FORGIVE HIM. YES.

HOW CAN I NOT FORGIVE? I'’VE BEEN FORGIVEN SO MUCH.

WALTER CRONKITE: THE HORROR OF THESE, THE SICK AMONG US,

MUST BE FOUND IN THE HORROR OF OUR HYPER CIVILIZATION;

A STRANGE PANDERING TO VIOLENCE;

A DISRESPECT FOR LIFE FOSTERED IN PART BY GOVERNMENTS

WHICH, IN PURSUIT OF THE DOCTRINE OF SELF-DEFENSE,

TEACH THEIR YOUTH TO KILL AND TO MAIM;

A SOCIETY IN WHICH THE MOST POPULAR

NEWSPAPER CARTOON STRIPS, TELEVISION PROGRAMS, AND MOVIES

ARE THOSE THAT CAN INVENT NEW MEANS

OF PERPETRATING BODILY HARM;

A PEOPLE WHO SOMEHOW CAN REMAIN SILENT

WHILE THEIR OWN CIVILIZATION SEEMS TO CRUMBLE UNDER THE FORCE

OF THE CAVEMAN'’S PHILOSOPHY THAT MIGHT MAKES RIGHT.

IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT CHARLES JOSEPH WHITMAN'’S CRIME

WAS SOCIETY'’S CRIME.

THIS IS WALTER CRONKITE. GOOD NIGHT.

CLAIRE, VOICE-OVER: SOMEBODY SAID TO ME,

WHY WOULD I WANT TO REVISIT ANY OF THIS?

WHY WOULD I WANT TO DIG IT UP, THAT IT WOULD BE SO PAINFUL.

IT WAS DEVASTATING. IT WAS DEVASTATING. I--

YOU KNOW, I STILL HAVE THAT LOSS,

BUT WHAT'’S PAINFUL IS

TO JUST NOT HAVE ANY SENSE OF THE WHOLE THING

AND NOT HAVE OTHER PEOPLE THAT KNEW ABOUT IT

AND THAT COULD TALK ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED THAT DAY.

THAT'’S WHAT WAS PAINFUL, AND SO THAT'’S BEEN VERY HEALING.

YOU KNOW, JUST THE LITTLE THINGS MAKE A HUGE DIFFERENCE

IN--IN A BIG THING LIKE THIS.

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