If Cities Could Dance

S4 E6 | FULL EPISODE

Katherine Dunham and the Dances of the African Diaspora

African American dance legend Katherine Dunham turned East St. Louis into an important hub of the Black Arts movement. By 1972, she directed an artist relief program, started a student dance company, and opened a museum dedicated to African art. Meet some of the city's culture keepers and watch Dunham program alums perform in front of the Katherine Dunham Museum, and in downtown East St. Louis.

AIRED: October 05, 2021 | 0:06:57
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TRANSCRIPT

- I'm Heather Beal in East St. Louis.

We're gonna show you how the dances

of the African Diaspora became so deeply rooted

in East St. Louis

because of the legendary Katherine Dunham.

- [Ruby] Ms. Dunham was a phenomenal woman,

an educator, an activist.

- [Keith] She saw the need for us to make connection

to who we are as a people,

to your whole self.

- [Heather] I wish that people knew about

Ms. Dunham's legacy in East St. Louis.

I want people to look on that stage

and see a beautiful reflection of themselves

as Black people.

<5 Afro-Caribbean rhythms <5

<5Old skool hip-hop grooves & funky b-lines <5

<5Lively drum-kit-led track with skittering rimshots <5

- [Heather] I say I'm from East St. Louis

with as much pride as can be.

People just take care of themselves

versus waiting for resources to the city,

like they provide the resources to suburbs.

<5Lively drum-kit-led track with skittering rimshots <5

My dance philosophy is black joy.

I represent how we are at our backyard barbecues,

how we are in our basement house parties,

the places that we are free.

<5Lively drum-kit-led track with skittering rimshots <5

And I use Dunham technique as my vehicle to do that.

Katherine Dunham is the mother of modern dance,

not just Black dance.

She could've settled anywhere in the world

and she chose to settle in East St. Louis.

<5Authentic percussion from Haiti <5

I grew up dancing

at the Katherine Dunham Museum Children's Workshop.

Growing up in a Black cultural institution,

words of affirmation were poured into us

and they were drilled into us.

So, in my mind, well East St. Louis is a city of champions.

- [Ruby] I have been affiliated with the Dunham legacy

for 52 years.

Her whole thing as an anthropologist was,

why do people like to dance?

Ms. Dunham went to Haiti to study dance.

She went to Cuba, Martinique, Jamaica.

- [Heather] Her peers were creating work based off

images that they saw, posters and whatnot.

Ms. Dunham actually went to these places

and she captured the dances on film.

I can see where it came from.

<5Afro Cuban jazz with a 6/8 rhythm <5

Dunham Technique

is a Afro Modern Caribbean dance technique

that embodies your heart, your soul, your spirit

and your body.

So there is a series of center floor work that we do.

Barre work, progression work across the floor.

She was definitely a pioneer.

The world maker.

That's like, my dance mama.

She was Beyoncé before Beyoncé was Beyoncé.

<5Afro Cuban jazz with a 6/8 rhythm <5

- [Ruby] It was the late '60s.

And she wanted to quell the violence that

the young people were experiencing in East St. Louis.

<5Lively African percussion <5

Dance, percussion, African studies, anatomy for the performer.

We had a complete program.

- [Keith] The class just blew me away.

And I was just engulfed by that rhythm.

It touched my soul.

<5Percussive balafon, tambin, djembe and Burundi-style drums <5

It was a cultural mecca that everybody

from St. Louis' metropolitan area came there

to get that spirit, to get that oomph.

And it was needed.

<5Percussive balafon, tambin, djembe and Burundi-style drums <5

(train passing)

<5Groovy West African drums <5

Ms. Dunham saw the value of connecting

to her cultural identity.

That connection is not limited to one particular place.

Whether they came from Africa and went to Cuba,

or went to Haiti, or they ended up in Mississippi.

That African Diaspora is very important.

<5Groovy West African drums <5

<5Live drumming by Montra Mumphard <5

- [Ruby] I'm most proud of being able to

let Ms. Dunham pass her baton to me.

And I've taught thousands of kids.

<5Live drumming continues <5

One of my favorite sayings from Ms. Dunham was

"to go inside every day to find the inner strength,

so that the world will not blow out your candle."

<5Percussive balafon, tambin, djembe and Burundi-style drums <5

- [Ta'Shayla] I was that kid that

was walking around with my head down, not feeling confident.

Ruby Streate had a tremendous effect on me.

She engraved in me to never walk with my head down.

<5Percussive balafon, tambin, djembe and Burundi-style drums <5

It takes blood to be related,

but it takes love to be family.

And I feel like we all have that.

<5Percussive balafon, tambin, djembe and Burundi-style drums <5

- [Ruby] Miss Streate choreographed Maya Angelou's "Phenomenal Woman".

Imagine what that's like for a 15 year old girl to embody it.

You don't have any option but to be a phenomenal woman.

Everybody who has come through that program

has now gone on and have done things

that the world and society tells us

that we could not have done.

But we doing it.

<5Percussive balafon, tambin, djembe and Burundi-style drums <5

- [Keith] I did a piece right after Mike Brown was killed

that was in response to the unrest,

the social justice challenges and struggles

that were happening right here in St. Louis.

And so, it does not stop in the classroom.

It does not stop on the stage.

We are important voices to make a change.

<5Percussive balafon, tambin, djembe and Burundi-style drums <5

- [Heather] I have an army of people here

physically with me that's powerful.

You ain't even seen my ancestral army.

And that's infinite.

And so that's what it brings to the movement.

Thanks for watching, everyone.

Let us know where you would like to see

"If Cities Could dance" next.

Drop your comment below.

We out.

We out.

<5 Afro-Caribbean rhythms <5

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