Leaving Afghanistan/India's Rape Scandal

FRONTLINE investigates the consequences of America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan. With exclusive access to a militant wing of the Taliban, correspondent Najibullah Quraishi tells the story of Iran’s growing influence across Afghanistan. Also this hour, a report on politics and rape in India.

AIRED: July 20, 2021 | 0:54:22

>> NARRATOR: Now two stories on

this special edition of FRONTLINE.

First as the United States withdraws from a 20-year

conflict... >> It’s time to end America’s

longest war. NARRATOR: There are signs Iran

is stepping in... And the Taliban is gaining

ground... Correspondent Najibullah

Quraishi investigates the consequences of leaving

Afghanistan. >> The most likely scenario is a

civil war. There is no one to stop it

anymore. >> NARRATOR: And later...

In India allegations of rape and political cover up...

>> The girl tried to burn herself, obviously she wanted

media attention, she wanted someone to listen.

>> NARRATOR: Correspondent Ramita Navai investigates...

>> There have been allegations that the chief minister has been

trying to protect the accused. >> NARRATOR: These two stories

on this special addition of FRONTLINE.

>> Good morning-- U.S. and NATO troops begin pulling out of

Afghanistan. >> News that all U.S. and NATO

troops will soon leave their country, many Afghans are

feeling anxious about their future.

>> NARRATOR: Journalist Najibullah Quraishi is heading

into Afghanistan as the U.S. military is leaving.

>> It's time to end America's longest war.

It's time for American troops to come home.

>> NARRATOR: 20 years after an American-led coalition drove the

Taliban from power, the group has now regained control of as

much as 80 percent of the country.

>> There's a chance a Taliban insurgency could topple the

U.S.-backed government. >> The Afghan Government has

warned that the withdrawal could lead to a civil war.

>> a new, more turbulent chapter in this country's bloody

history. >> NARRATOR: Fears of a Taliban

takeover and civil war are increasing.

With the Taliban making advances almost by the day,

Najibullah is going into one of the group's strongholds, where

an extreme faction has their base near the Iranian border.

He's been promised an interview with one of the Taliban's

original leaders, and one of its most feared warlords, Mullah

Abdul Manan Niazi. >> QURAISHI: Mullah Niazi is

tough, frightening, and a very dangerous man.

But I took a risk, of course it was a big risk.

I had some doubt, if he would do something bad against me.

>> NARRATOR: Niazi's base is over 500 miles west of Kabul,

deep in Taliban country, where factions regularly clash with

government forces. The white flags of the Taliban

mark the end of the road for Najibullah and his team.

>> (speaking Dari) >> NARRATOR: The last of a dozen

checkpoints. >> QURAISHI: The people who are

in the checkpoint, they were coming and looking to us

because probably they are seeing journalists for the first

time. ♪ ♪

>> NARRATOR: The only approach to Niazi's camp is on foot.

It's a 90-minute hike over rough terrain.

>> QURAISHI: Mullah Niazi sent some troops back from the

mountain to escort us. And these people were heavily

armed. ♪ ♪

It was quite scary. You know, once you're inside,

you cannot do anything. You have no way to come back.

>> NARRATOR: At the summit, Najibullah and his colleagues

are ordered into a holding cell. >> QURAISHI: I saw a sign

saying welcome to the Taliban court.

At the side of the room I saw a bunch of sticks.

They punish some people. When I saw these sticks, I said,

"You're a goner." (man calling for prayer)

As soon as I heard they were calling for the prayer, I

immediately I thought this is the moment to come out of this

cell. I wanted to show that I'm a

proper Muslim and I am not a spy, I am a journalist.

(man praying in Dari) >> NARRATOR: After prayers,

everyone gathers on the roof. Najibullah is brought out onto

the top of the compound to wait. >> (speaking Pashto):

>> NARRATOR: Then the Mullah arrives.

>> QURAISHI: If you meet Niazi in person, he's smiling, he's

very friendly. You think he's the best person.

But behind all these smiles, he's a really, really dangerous

man. >> NARRATOR: Niazi invites

Najibullah and the team into the main room.

He launches into a victory speech for what he sees as the

Taliban's defeat of America. >> (speaking Dari):

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

>> NARRATOR: Then Niazi says something surprising: with the

U.S. leaving, a new enemy is moving in-- Iran.

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: The Fatemiyoun

Brigade is an Iranian-backed Afghan militia.

It's drawn from Shia Afghan refugees in Iran and also from

members of the Hazara Shia minority inside Afghanistan.

The Fatemiyoun were deployed in Syria to fight for Bashar al

Assad. Now, Niazi claims Iran has been

sending them back to Afghanistan in anticipation of a civil war.

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: Niazi says that

almost every night he sends men to the Iranian border, where

they ambush Fatemiyoun fighters sent from Tehran.

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: He shows gruesome

pictures on his phone of what he claims are dead Fatemiyoun

fighters. ♪ ♪

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: There's no way to

confirm the pictures he was showing, but to further

demonstrate his faction's power, Mullah Niazi wanted Najibullah

and his team to see his bomb makers at work.

(conversing speaking Dari) >> QURAISHI:

>> (speaking Dari): >> QURAISHI:

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: Outside on the

mountaintop, Mullah Niazi issues a chilling threat, aimed at Iran

and the Hazara. >> (speaking Dari):

>> NARRATOR: To show he means what he says, he invites

Najibullah to film his men on a mission.

They're setting an ambush for the Fatemiyoun fighters coming

over the border from Iran. (music playing on radio)

>> (speaking Dari): >> (speaking Dari):

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: The men plant

I.E.D.s along the roadside. >> (speaking Dari):

>> NARRATOR: As night falls, they take Najibullah out of the

area, before the long trip back to Kabul.

>> (speaking Dari): ♪ ♪

>> NARRATOR: In Najibullah's 20 years covering the war here,

Iran's influence has always been a complex factor.

It has long viewed Afghanistan as a safe haven for Sunni

extremists. But it also cultivated ties with

the Taliban to extend its influence in the country.

Mullah Niazi's claims signal a dangerous turn.

>> QURAISHI: When Niazi was talking about Iran, I was

doubting. This was spinning in my mind

all the time while I was on the way to Kabul.

Then I couldn't sleep for days, for nights, and I tried to find

some other sources to support what Niazi says.

(horns honking) >> NARRATOR: Through his

contacts, he meets a man who says he recruited Afghan Shias,

most of them Hazara, to fight with the Fatemiyoun in Syria.

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

>> NARRATOR: He agreed to talk if we concealed his identity and

disguised his voice. >> (speaking Dari):

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

(horns honking) >> NARRATOR: Another Fatemiyoun

source, a veteran of the war in Syria, tells Najibullah that

Iranian officers ordered them to prepare for fighting in

Afghanistan. Like the recruiter, we're

concealing his identity. ♪ ♪

>> (speaking Dari): >> QURAISHI:

>> (speaking Dari): >> QURAISHI:

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: It's hard to

verify the men's claims about the number of Fatemiyoun in

Afghanistan, but it has been estimated that between 10,000

and 20,000 fought in Syria and several thousand returned home.

The Iranian foreign minister was asked about their role in

Afghanistan in a television interview.

He said that while they had supported Afghan fighters in

Syria, he denied they are active in Afghanistan now.

>> (speaking Farsi): >> NARRATOR: But the foreign

minister said that it was possible that they could be

deployed in Afghanistan, if needed.

>> (speaking Farsi): >> NARRATOR: No one in the

Afghan government would talk to Najibullah about the militia or

the role of Iran in the country. >> QURAISHI: Either they don't

want to talk about this issue, or either they don't know

anything about this. >> NARRATOR: Whatever the extent

of Iran's involvement here, one group is increasingly in the

line of fire: the Hazara. Najibullah heads to central

Afghanistan, where most of the Shia minority group live.

They've long been the target of Taliban persecution and attacks.

Now their association with Iran and Fatemiyoun makes them a top

target for Taliban warlords like Mullah Niazi.

At a Hazara cemetery, Najibullah meets a woman who

says the Taliban has been launching deadly attacks on

their community. Her grandson was killed in the

fighting. >> (speaking Dari):

>> QURAISHI: >> (speaking Dari):

>> NARRATOR: Nooria's husband was killed by the Taliban just

weeks earlier, leaving five children behind.

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: Like other ethnic

groups, the Hazaras are forming militias, hoping to protect

their communities from the advancing Taliban.

A local reporter got a brief interview with a senior

commander, Abdul Ghani Alipur, who is currently in hiding.

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: Alipur claims to

have thousands of fighters at his command.

(man speaking Dari, crowd shouting)

>> NARRATOR: The militarization of the Hazara has incited not

just the Taliban; it has brought the Hazara into conflict with

the Afghan army. In January 2021, Hazara

demonstrators gathered in the town of Behsud.

Government troops ended up opening fire on the crowd.

Homes were burned, buildings destroyed, and 11 Hazaras were

killed. Najibullah attended a funeral

for some of the victims of the attack.

(crowd mourning) >> QURAISHI:

>> (speaking Dari): >> QURAISHI:

>> (speaking Dari): >> NARRATOR: Seven weeks after

the attack in Behsud, the Hazara commander, Alipur, announced his

forces had taken revenge. Video captured an Afghan

military helicopter being shot down by what was later

identified as an Iranian-made guided missile similar to this

one used in Syria. (loud explosion)

Alipur later denied his Hazara militia was involved, but an

Afghan parliamentary commission confirmed his responsibility.

The government has vowed to punish those responsible for the

attack, which left nine people dead.

♪ ♪ Back in Kabul, Najibullah meets

with the spiritual leader of the Hazara, Mohammed Mohaqiq.

He is also a member of the Afghan Parliament, and he says

he is fearful of the consequence of the U.S. withdrawal.

>> (speaking Dari): >> Today President Biden

reaffirmed that U.S. troops are leaving Afghanistan fast.

>> NARRATOR: American forces are set to be out of Afghanistan by

the end of August. >> Staying would have meant

U.S. troops taking casualties-- American men and women, back in

the middle of a civil war. >> NARRATOR: The country now

faces a future full of chaos, and continued war.

>> Only Afghan forces remain, a force already facing dire

circumstances as the Taliban sweeps through the country.

>> The Taliban are gaining ground.

The militants say they've taken more than ten districts...

>> America's longest war may soon be coming to an end here.

But Afghanistan's war is not over.

>> NARRATOR: Just over two weeks after Najibullah's interview

with Mullah Niazi, the Taliban warlord was killed by unknown

assassins. >> QURAISHI: It's more crazy

than the past. It's worse than what I've seen

in my life. >> NARRATOR: Niazi's eldest son

was appointed the new leader and immediately swore vengeance.

>> QURAISHI: I grew up in the war.

I have seen everything with my own eyes, but this time is more,

more dangerous than the past.

And I can see a civil war in Afghanistan again.

>> NARRATOR: Coming up next on

this special addition of FRONTLINE...

Politics and Rape in India... >> No rape examination is

conducted, crucial evidence is lost.

>> NARRATOR: Correspondent Ramita Navai investigates...

>> It’s incredible how strong willed this woman is.

It’s a stunning, stunning story. >> NARRATOR: India’s Rape

Scandal - Begins right now.

>> Another case has shocked the nation.

>> RAMITA NAVAI: India has been experiencing a wave of

shocking rape cases. >> There seems to be no end to

the shock and horror, with brutal rapes being reported on

a daily basis. >> NAVAI: The government

has vowed zero tolerance. But dozens of politicians are

facing charges of crimes against women, including nine recent

rape cases. >> Another woman was raped and

no case was registered despite her approach to the cops.

>> NAVAI: And allegations of abuse and cover-up keep

surfacing. ♪ ♪

♪ ♪ (car horns)

I traveled into India in March 2021, just before a

lethal surge in COVID. I came to investigate two rape

cases that had drawn police, politicians, and even the

Indian prime minister into controversy.

My destination was the state of Uttar Pradesh, home to more than

200 million people. Uttar Pradesh is the most

populous state in India and the most electorally significant.

It also holds a less impressive statistic-- it has the second-

highest reported number of rapes in the whole country.

This is the woman behind one of the cases.

She told us that she's been receiving death threats and is

under 24/7 police protection, making it impossible to do an

on-camera interview with her. She's not been publicly

identified, and we've agreed to call her Jaya.

The man she accused of rape is Kuldeep Singh Sengar, then a

powerful politician in India's ruling BJP party.

He's now in prison for Jaya's rape, but still has a loyal

following. ♪ ♪

We've pieced together the story of what happened from court

records and our own reporting on the ground.

We're following some local guides-- they're on motorbikes

up here ahead. We're trying to get into Jaya's

village. Jaya and her family are from

Unnao, the area Kuldeep Sengar represented in the state

legislative assembly. They lived in the same village

and were neighbors. What's happening?

Somehow, word of our visit had reached the village.

Even though Sengar's in prison, he and his family still control

the area. They explained they didn't want

anyone associated with Sengar or his family to see them with

foreign journalists. You're scared of being killed?

>> He will not forgive anyone if someone's against him,

against Kuldeep Singh Sengar. >> NAVAI: Right.

>> Yeah. >> NAVAI: Someone who has known

Sengar for years agreed to speak to me, as long as we

concealed his identity. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: In June 2017, Jaya, then 16 years old, was asked to

visit Sengar's house for a job interview.

In her court testimony, she described what happened next.

>> The door opened. We reached the courtyard.

Sengar caught me by my hand and dragged me to his room.

He stripped me of my clothes. He closed the door and subjected

me to a sexual assault. When I opposed, he said, "If you

raise a voice, I will murder you."

>> NAVAI: Jaya has testified initially, she told only her

aunt. But afterwards, some men who

worked with Sengar went looking for her.

Just days after Jaya was raped by Sengar, she was kidnapped

from her village, bundled into a car, and brought here to the

town of Kanpur, where she says she was held in a house and

gang-raped for over a week. In testimony and public

statements, Jaya described what she said happened to her.

>> The men took turns to rape me.

I recognized two of them as Sengar's men.

They kept me on sedatives. Once, I even tried to flee, but

I was caught and sedated again. >> NAVAI: After eight days,

police found Jaya alone in a house.

They took down the names of the men she said kidnapped and

raped her, but they refused to register her rape allegation

against Sengar. ♪ ♪

>> People are petrified of Kuldeep Sengar.

He is exceptionally strong locally, financially,

politically, backed by goons, by thugs.

>> NAVAI: Journalist Aishwarya Iyer has investigated the rape

case and other criminal allegations against Sengar

going back years. >> Her allegation is that she

tried to get a complaint registered against Kuldeep

Sengar, but his name was repeatedly dropped.

>> NAVAI: The Uttar Pradesh police did not respond to our

requests for comment. A former head of the force told

me the case reflects a disturbing trend of politicians

interfering in police matters. ♪ ♪

>> NAVAI: Jaya wouldn't give up. After two months, she went to

the state capital, Lucknow, where the chief minister was

holding an open meeting for people to present their

concerns. The chief minister of Uttar

Pradesh is Yogi Adityanath, a Hindu nationalist who's also one

of the most powerful men in the country.

Within a year of becoming chief minister, he ordered the

withdrawal of thousands of criminal cases against

politicians. These cases included violence

against women. Adityanath is a senior member

of the ruling BJP party, and often touted as a future Indian

prime minister. Jaya told us she was able to

meet him and he assured her that her allegations would be dealt

with. He then asked her to leave.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> NAVAI: I.P. Singh was

expelled from the BJP in 2019 after calling its top leadership

thugs. >> (speaking Hindi):

(continues in Hindi): >> NAVAI: Court documents show

the chief minister's office passed Jaya's allegations to

the police, but no action was taken.

Meanwhile, Sengar telephoned Jaya's uncle to pressure her to

stay silent. I've been given a recording of

one of these calls, later used in evidence.

(both speaking Hindi) >> NAVAI: But Jaya didn't drop

the accusation. In April 2018, Jaya's father,

Surendra, was attacked by a group of men he said were led by

Sengar's brother Atul Singh. A journalist filmed Surendra

afterwards, inside the police station.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> MAN (speaking Hindi):

>> SURENDRA: >> NAVAI: Instead of helping

Surendra, local police officers arrested him, claiming he

owned an illegal weapon. Phone records show that Sengar

spoke to the officers ten times during this period.

Surendra suffered internal injuries and would later die.

♪ ♪ After the attack, Jaya, her

mother, and sister went to the chief minister's residence.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> NAVAI: Jaya doused herself in

kerosene. >> The girl tried to burn

herself. Obviously, she wanted media

attention, she wanted someone to listen.

>> (sobbing loudly) >> The policemen and security

put blankets on her and ensured that she wouldn't die.

But I think that's when we all woke up.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> NAVAI: Until this moment,

Jaya's case had received little publicity.

Now there was a national outcry about it.

(crowd chanting) Sengar publicly confronted the

allegations for the first time. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: The controversy drew in India's prime minister,

Narendra Modi, who has promised zero tolerance for rape.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> NAVAI: The prime minister

ordered in federal detectives. Within days, Kuldeep Singh

Sengar was arrested. It was ten months since Jaya

first went to the police. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: He was later charged with rape and manslaughter.

We asked Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath for comment on how

the case was handled, but he didn't respond.

Publicly, he rejected criticisms that Sengar had been protected.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> NAVAI: A month before Jaya

was due to give evidence in Sengar's trial, there was a new

development. Jaya, her two aunts, and her

lawyer were traveling to a meeting.

That day, the police security detail protecting her wasn't

with her. (sirens, screams)

Jaya never reached her destination.

Their car was rammed by a truck with blacked-out plates.

>> A rape survivor who suffered critical injuries in

a car-truck collision was airlifted to New Delhi.

>> NAVAI: Her two aunts and her lawyer died.

Only Jaya would survive. From prison, Sengar denied he

had anything to do with the crash.

>> MAN (speaking Hindi): >> SENGAR (speaking Hindi):

(indistinct chatter) (car horn beeps)

>> NAVAI: India's Supreme Court ordered 24/7 police protection

for Jaya, and moved Sengar's trial from his home state to

the capital, Delhi. (horns beeping)

>> I really had to be there. There was heavy security

outside. Sengar was brought in.

He seemed scared, he was... He was nervous about what the

judge was going to say. I mean, at that time, we didn't

even know if the girl was going to survive or not.

They set up a makeshift court in hospital for her to give her

statement. And the judge said that her

testimony was unblemished, truthful, and of sterling

quality. >> This case came to the

conclusion with the finding that Kuldeep Sengar has been

convicted for rape under 376 IPC...

>> NAVAI: Sengar received life in prison for Jaya's rape, and

ten years for manslaughter. Seven others, including two

police officers, were also sent to prison for their roles in the

killing of Jaya's father. The men charged with kidnapping

and gang-raping Jaya are still awaiting trial.

>> It's incredible how strong- willed this woman is.

To see death so close, to see your family being consumed by a

complaint that you are raising, and to still be at it, how you

are, I think that's why it's significant.

It's a stunning, stunning story. ♪ ♪

>> NAVAI: Nine months later, another alarming rape case,

in the Hathras area of Uttar Pradesh, raised more allegations

of political cover-up. We're about to meet a

journalist, Nidhi Suresh, who's been investigating the Hathras

alleged gang rape and the alleged cover-ups, and she says

she's got information to share with us.

In September 2020, she spotted tweets from a family asking for

help because their 19-year-old daughter Manisha Valmiki said

she'd been raped by four neighbors.

>> When we got there, there was zero press.

Her mother and her aunt walked us to the crime scene.

It was just a small clearing. Which, by the way, the police

had not sealed, right? It was open completely.

She just kept saying, "Something bad happened to my daughter,

something bad happened to my daughter," and she spoke about

how she found her without any clothes.

>> (speaking Hindi, crying): (sobbing)

♪ ♪ >> NAVAI: We travel to

Manisha's village. The Indian caste system is

powerful here. Manisha's family is from a

lower caste. The men she said raped her are

Thakurs, an influential high caste who own the majority of

land here, and include many police officers and politicians

like the chief minister, Yogi Adityanath.

The parents of the men Manisha accused agreed to meet me.

Their sons are in jail awaiting trial.

They insisted that Manisha hadn't been raped, but that her

own family had beaten her up as punishment for having a

relationship with one of the accused men.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: After Manisha's mother found her, she was taken

to the local police station to report the attack.

She'd been strangled and her spinal cord was damaged.

A journalist happened to be there and filmed her.

>> MAN (speaking Hindi): >> MANISHA (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: In their report, the police noted she'd been

violently assaulted, but did not include her allegation of rape.

Eventually, Manisha was taken to Aligarh Hospital.

Manisha's cousin was with her. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: Three days later, as the story began to get out,

Manisha was filmed by another local journalist.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> The hospital has not asked

her if there's been a sexual assault.

No rape examination is conducted.

Crucial evidence is lost. So according to the family, the

doctors tell them that till they have a police complaint which

registers rape, they're not going to do anything about it.

>> NAVAI: The family went back to the police to try to get them

to record the rape allegation. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: No one from the police would respond to our questions

about how the case was handled. But according to official

records, it wasn't until eight days later, as media reporting

was gaining pace, that the police fully registered the rape

allegations and asked doctors at the hospital to gather forensic

evidence. >> They don't find semen.

But again, it's been too long after the incident.

One of the doctors we spoke to said there were quite a few

people among them, the medical staff, who were asked to sign

a statement saying she did not look raped.

>> NAVAI: We spoke to several doctors involved in Manisha's

treatment, but they were too frightened to appear on camera.

They told us police and local officials asked them to downplay

any evidence of rape. ♪ ♪

By now, Manisha's case had captured the attention of

Chandrashekhar Azad, who leads the Bhim Army, which fights for

lower-caste rights. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: Chandrashekhar recorded his journey to Hathras,

swapping vehicles to dodge the police.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> NAVAI: He reached Manisha and

began filming. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: Fearing Manisha would not survive, her family had a

video statement from her made that could be used in court.

>> MAN (speaking Hindi): >> MANISHA (speaking Hindi):



>> By then, she had suffered paralysis on all four of her

limbs, she was having breathing difficulties.

There were protests outside the hospital.

And on 29th, she passed away. >> NAVAI: That evening,

journalists followed the police taking Manisha's body back to

her village. The family's request for an

independent postmortem were ignored.

(crowd clamoring) >> (speaking Hindi):

>> (speaking Hindi): (people sobbing and wailing)

>> (speaking Hindi): >> (speaking Hindi, crying):

>> NAVAI: Manisha's cousin told me the family were confined to

their homes. And in the dead of night, the

police cremated her body. >> (speaking Hindi):

♪ ♪ >> NAVAI: In the aftermath, one

of Uttar Pradesh's most senior police officers denied Manisha

had ever been raped. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: Some BJP politicians also publicly denied any rape

had happened. >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: The day after Manisha was cremated, her family was

visited by the district magistrate, who encouraged them

to withdraw the rape allegation. Neeraj filmed him.

>> (speaking Hindi): >> (speaking Hindi):

>> NAVAI: The video went viral and fueled more unrest around

the case. Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath

blamed the outrage on opposition parties and an international

conspiracy to undermine him. The trial of the four men

Manisha accused has been delayed by COVID.

Their lawyer claims Manisha's video statements about the rape

were fabricated. There have been allegations

that the chief minister, Yogi Adityanath's office, has been

trying to cover up this gang rape, that he's been trying to

protect the accused. >> (speaking Hindi):

♪ ♪ >> NAVAI: Cases like Manisha's

and Jaya's continue to polarize India, pitting politics against

families' search for justice. One of India's most respected

and senior legal figures told me these cases should be a wake-up

call for more accountability when it comes to violence

against women. >> It's completely inexplicable.

Why should anybody, you know... (chuckling): I mean, not only

the prime minister, not only the chief minister-- why should

anybody, you know, remain silent when something like this

happens, you know? They should speak out.

It doesn't matter who the perpetrator is.

The government, the state, the police machinery-- everybody--

should come out in the open and say that this is wrong.

>> Go to for

an interview with Correspondent Ramita Navai.

>> It has the second highest reported number of rapes

in the whole country. >> Learn more about the

Fatemiyoun Brigade - and why it makes the Taliban nervous.

Revisit our films on nearly 20 years of war in Afghanistan.

Connect with FRONTLINE on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and

TikTok and stream anytime on the PBS App or

Captioned by

Media Access Group at WGBH

>> For more on this and other "Frontline" programs, visit our

website at ♪ ♪

FRONTLINE's, "Leaving Afghanistan" and

"India's Rape Scandal" are available on Amazon

Prime Video. ♪ ♪


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