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Mariá Rosa

Kidnapped from Ranchos de Taos in 1760, Mariá Rosa’s overlooked story has become part of the Santa Fe Trail’s rich history.

AIRED: November 21, 2020 | 0:26:57
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>>AND HERE WAS A STORY OF A CAPTIVE THAT WE COULD TELL

NOT JUST AS AN ARCHETYPE, BUT AS A PERSONAL STORY.

KIDNAPPED FROM RANCHOS DE TAOS IN 1760,

MARIÁ ROSA'S OVERLOOKED STORY HAS BECOME PART OF

THE SANTA FE TRAIL'S RICH HISTORY.

LORIELLE J. HOLLAWAY CREATED A BOOKSTORE WHERE CHILDREN COULD

LEARN ABOUT THE WORLD AND BE INSPIRED BY PEOPLE OF COLOR.

INTERNATIONAL SCULPTOR JON BARLOW HUDSON EXPLORES FORM,

MATERIALS AND MEANING FOR PUBLIC SPACES.

BORN IN LAOS, CHEF GENEVIEVE VANG BRINGS AN

EXOTIC CULINARY EXPERIENCE TO DETROIT.

IT'S ALL AHEAD ON COLORES!

RESILIENCE AND STRENGTH.

>>DEVON HAWKES LUDLOW: YOU LEARNED ABOUT MARIA ROSA'S

STORY WHEN YOU WERE RESEARCHING THE SANTA FE TRAIL.

WHAT MADE HER STORY STAND OUT TO YOU?

>>FRANCES LEVINE: MARIA ROSA IS A STORY OF HER

CAPTIVITY IN TAOS IN 1760 AND THEN HER SUBSEQUENT TRADES.

SHE IS TRADED BY THE COMANCHES TO THE PAWNEES.

FROM THE PAWNEES TO HER FRENCH FUR TRAPPER HUSBAND

AND HERE WAS A STORY OF A CAPTIVE THAT WE COULD TELL

NOT JUST AS AN ARCHETYPE BUT AS A PERSONAL STORY.

IT WAS DEEP, IT WAS DEEP TO BE ABLE TO CONNECT, FOR

ME TO BE ABLE TO CONNECT, NOT JUST WITH THE MOMENT

OF HER CAPTIVITY, WHICH IS TOLD IN REMARKABLE DETAIL

IN SPANISH COLONIAL DOCUMENTS HERE IN NEW MEXICO,

BUT I COULD ALSO FIND HER IN THE DOCUMENTS

OF HER LIFE IN SAINT LOUIS WHEN SHE WAS FINALLY,

NOT SO MUCH RESCUED, BUT BROUGHT INTO A CREOLE

FAMILY AS A WIFE, AND SO THE DEPTH OF HER STORY WAS

REMARKABLE TO ME AND IT WAS A MUCH MORE FULL-BLOWN

STORY OF A WOMAN'S LIFE THAN I HAD FOUND BEFORE IN

DOING MY RESEARCH ON WOMEN ON THE SANTA FE TRAIL.

>>DEVON: AND WHAT WAS SHE UP AGAINST?

>>FRANCES: OH MY GOODNESS, WHAT WAS SHE NOT UP AGAINST?

IN THE FOOTNOTE IN JOSIAH GREG'S COMMERCE OF THE PRAIRIES,

HE SAYS SHE WAS WANT TO TELL HER TALE OF

WOE TO ANYONE WHO WOULD LISTEN BUT IT'S MORE THAN

A TALE OF WOE.

SHE IS A WOMAN WHO DEMONSTRATED SUCH ENORMOUS

RESILIENCE AND I COME BACK TO THE WORD RESILIENCE

WITH MARIA ROSA BECAUSE THERE WAS SO MUCH

ADVERSITY IN HER LIFE, BUT SHE USED EVERY TOOL THAT

SHE HAD, EVEN THOUGH SHE COULDN'T READ AND WRITE,

SHE USED THE COURTS.

EVEN THOUGH HER HUSBAND LEFT HER AND WENT BACK TO

FRANCE, SHE PURSUED HIM BACK IN LETTERS BACK TO

FRANCE AND SO SHE CHARACTERIZES A KIND OF

STRENGTH AND A KIND OF FULL FIGURE THAT WE OFTEN

DON'T SEE IN 18TH AND 19TH CENTURY LITERATURE ABOUT WOMEN.

>>DEVON: AND WHY IS HER LEGACY IMPORTANT TO YOU?

>>FRANCES: I THINK WE NEED TO REMEMBER WOMEN'S

STORIES, AS WELL AS MEN'S STORIES IN THE HISTORY OF

THE WEST, BUT I THINK HER LEGACY SHOWS US THAT OUR

HISTORY IS MUCH MORE COMPLEX, MUCH MORE NUANCED.

IF WE JUST TELL THE SANTA FE TRAIL STORY AS COMMERCE

BETWEEN TWO REGIONS OF THE COUNTRY WE REALLY LOSE

THOSE LARGER THAN LIFE STORIES, THOSE PERSONAL

STORIES, THOSE STORIES OF FAMILIES OF MIXED HERITAGE.

WHEN WE TALK ABOUT SPANISH OR FRENCH OR AMERICAN HISTORY,

WHAT WE HAVE TO REALIZE IS THROUGH A STORY

LIKE MARIA ROSA'S, WE SEE A MUCH MORE NUANCED

ORIGIN STORY FOR AMERICAN HISTORY.

WE DON'T RELATE TO NAMES AND DATES, WE RELATE TO

STORY AND A STORY LIKE MARIA ROSA'S IS A STORY OF

A WOMAN WHO HAS, WHO CONQUERED SO MUCH

ADVERSITY AND I THINK THAT WE WANT TO KNOW THOSE STORIES.

WE WANT TO KNOW THOSE STORIES OF WOMEN WHO TRIUMPHED.

WE WANT TO KNOW THOSE STORIES OF WOMEN WHO WERE

SELF-RELIANT AND I THINK WHEN WE LEARN HISTORY YOU

KNOW IN THE TEACHING OF HISTORY WE USED TO ONLY

TALK ABOUT THE VERY FAMOUS.

WELL TO ME, MARIA ROSA SHOULD BE FAMOUS.

SHE SHOULD BE READ ABOUT IN EVERY HISTORY BOOK

BECAUSE HER LIFE IS SO REMARKABLE AND HER AGENCY,

WHAT SHE DID, HOW SHE LIVED, HOW SHE RESPONDED TO CONDITIONS.

I THINK THAT MANY PEOPLE ARE RAISED WITH THE IDEA

THAT FAMOUS PEOPLE HAD CHARMED LIVES AND I THINK

WHEN I STUDY HISTORY, I LIKE TO LOOK AT THOSE

SITUATIONS THAT PEOPLE HAD TO OVERCOME AND I THINK

THAT HER STORY TOUCHES ME DEEPLY.

HER STORY HAS TOUCHED HER FAMILY DEEPLY, THAT SOMEBODY IS

FINALLY TELLING THE STORY OF ONE OF THEIR ANCESTORS.

THEY NEVER LEARNED THAT IN SCHOOL BUT THROUGH THE

RESEARCH THAT WE'VE DONE, WE'VE TOUCHED A VERY DEEP

VEIN IN THE STORIES OF WOMEN, BOTH BEING

TRAFFICKED INTO REGIONAL TRADE,

BUT WOMEN RISING ABOVE THAT, AS WELL.

>>DEVON: IS THAT STRENGTH AND THAT RESILIENCY

SOMETHING YOU ADMIRE, SOMETHING YOU RELATE TO?

>>FRANCES: OF COURSE, AND I THINK THAT'S THE STORY

OF OUR TIMES, OUR WOMEN OF RESILIENCE AND STRENGTH.

FOSTERING CULTURE.

>> IN COLLEGE, I TOOK A CLASS OF ANTHROPOLOGY AND

I DID NOT KNOW WHAT IT WAS ABOUT BUT IT WAS LIKE A

COURSE WITH PUBLIC SPEAKING AND I HAD TO TAKE PUBLIC SPEAKING.

DURING TAKING THAT CLASS I JUST REALIZED,

LIKE IF EVERYBODY TOOK ANTHROPOLOGY THE WORLD

WOULD BE A BETTER PLACE, MORE EMPATHETIC.

LIKE TAKE A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO JUST DIFFERENCES.

MY PROFESSOR AT THE TIME, SHE ENCOURAGED US TO GET

OUT IN OUR COMMUNITY.

SO AS A CLASS, WE WENT TO CITY COUNCIL MEETINGS.

DURING ALL OF THAT COMMUNITY EVENTS AND

THINGS I WAS LIKE, WHAT IS MY PIECE?

SO I WAS LIKE, YOU KNOW, I FEEL LIKE MAKING A CHANGE

BECAUSE ADULTS, HOW THEY PERCEIVE THE WORLD AND HOW

THEY SEE OTHERS, I FEEL IS ALREADY SET BUT WE CAN GET

PEOPLE WHILE THEY'RE YOUNG.

SO I WAS LIKE, WE CAN GET IT THROUGH BOOKS BECAUSE

THAT'S HOW ADVERTISERS GET CHILDREN AND HOW JUST

MEDIA GETS CHILDREN.

I WANT TO COUNTER THE MESSAGE WITH JUST SHOWING

AND DISPLAYING POSITIVE MESSAGES OF PEOPLE OF COLOR.

THAT WAS MY PIECE OF ACTIVISM.

THAT WAS WHY I WAS LIKE, I'LL START THERE.

>> MY HEART FILLS WITH HAPPINESS WHEN I FEEL THE

SUN DANCING ON MY CHEEKS.

>> HEY BLACK CHILD WAS ONE OF THE BOOKSTORE'S FAVORITE BOOKS.

THE PEOPLE LOVED TO HAVE IT READ JUST BECAUSE OF

THE AFFIRMATIONS IN IT.

>> HEY BLACK CHILD, DO YOU KNOW WHERE YOU'RE GOING?

WHERE YOU ARE REALLY GOING?

YOU DO?

WHERE YOU GOIN'?

(ERIC LAUGHS)

DO YOU KNOW YOU CAN LEARN WHAT YOU

WANNA LEARN IF YOU TRY TO LEARN WHAT YOU CAN LEARN?

->>LORIELLE: ANOTHER BOOK IS BLACK GIRL MAGIC WHICH

IS WRITTEN AND ILLUSTRATED BY TWO LOCAL SISTERS

LAUREN AND LAILAH LORD.

PEOPLE LOVE TO HEAR THAT READ BECAUSE OF THE

AFFIRMATIONS AS WELL.

>> I SEE A WONDERFUL PERSON WITH THE ABILITY TO

BE AND DO GREAT THINGS.

I SEE AN AWESOME, INTELLIGENT, MAGNIFICENT

WONDER LOOKING AT ME.

I SEE THE ENDLESS POSSIBILITIES THAT LIE WITHIN ME.

BUT THEY'RE REALLY SAYING I LOVE YOU.

I HEAR BABIES CRY.

I WATCH THEM GROW.

THEY'LL LEARN MUCH MORE THAN I'LL EVER KNOW.

(DRAMATIC PIANO MUSIC)

>> WE HOLD SUMMER CAMP FIELD TRIPS.

WE HAVE A BOOK CLUB THAT MEETS THE 2ND AND 4TH

SUNDAY OF THE MONTH.

WE'VE TAKEN A BREAK FOR THE SUMMER, BUT USUALLY

IT'S THE 2ND AND 4TH SUNDAY OF THE MONTH.

WE READ A BOOK, IT'S A MULTI-GENERATIONAL BOOK CLUB,

SO IT'S NOT JUST FOR KIDS AND IT'S NOT FOR ADULTS.

WE WANT EVERYBODY TO COME JUST SO WHEN WE DISCUSS

THE BOOKS WE HAVE, WE CAN REALLY EVALUATE ALL PERSPECTIVES.

I WOULD LIKE TO HAVE OPEN MICS, FOR CHILDREN TO,

NOT JUST ADULTS, BUT MORE CHILDREN READ THEIR OWN

POETRY 'CAUSE THERE'S A LOT OF WRITERS THAT ARE YOUNG.

SOME, THEY DON'T KNOW IT AND THEN SOME, THEY DO KNOW IT.

SO JUST TO KEEP THEM TO PROGRESS IN WHAT THEY

ALREADY ARE DOING, AND WHAT THEY'RE PASSIONATE ABOUT.

>> RISE UP THIS MORNING, SMILE WITH THE RISING SUN.

THREE LITTLE BIRDS PITCH BY MY DOORSTEP SINGING

SWEET SONGS AND MELODIES, PURE AND TRUE,

SAYING THIS IS MY MESSAGE TO YOU.

DON'T WORRY ABOUT A THING 'CAUSE EVERY LITTLE THING

IS GONNA BE ALRIGHT.

>> MOST OF MY BOOKS, 90%, IT'S A PERSON OF COLOR ON THE FRONT

PAGE, SO THAT PEOPLE CAN FIND BOOKS FOR THEIR CHILDREN.

OUR MISSION IS TO FOSTER READING CULTURE BY

EXPOSING CHILDREN TO THE WORLD.

SO, WE WANNA DO THAT THROUGH ART, MUSIC, AND PICTURE BOOKS.

(UPBEAT MUSIC)

PEOPLE ARE SURPRISED THAT THERE'S SO

MANY DIFFERENT BOOKS ABOUT PEOPLE OF COLOR AND THAT

THEY'RE NOT ALL ABOUT STRUGGLE.

WE CAN HAVE FUN TOO, SO WE HAVE A LOT OF BOOKS THAT'S

JUST, YOU KNOW, PEOPLE OF COLOR LIVING THEIR LIVES.

I THINK THE HIGHLIGHTS IS JUST THE PEOPLE WHO COME

IN TO THE BOOKSTORE, AND THEY'RE LIKE,

OH MY GOODNESS, THIS IS HERE, OR IT'S SO NEEDED.

INTERPETING PLACE.

[MUSIC]

MY PROFESSIONAL LABEL WOULD BE PUBLIC SCULPTOR.

AND I'VE WANTED TO DO THAT FOR A LONG TIME BECAUSE

YOU REACH MORE PEOPLE BY MAKING WORK FOR PUBLIC PLACES.

OF COURSE, I JUST STARTED OUT MAKING SMALL SCULPTURES.

THAT WAS GREAT FUN, BUT IT'S LIKE A DOLL HOUSE.

IT'S ALL FINE TO MAKE A DOLL HOUSE, BUT THAT'S FOR DOLLS.

YOU NEED TO MAKE A BIG REAL HOUSE IN ORDER TO USE

IT, TO LIVE IN IT.

SO, SAME WITH SCULPTURE.

A LITTLE SCULPTURE IS FINE FOR A MAQUETTE OR SITTING

ON A TABLE, BUT TO EXPERIENCE IT WITH YOUR

WHOLE BEING, YOU NEED IT TO BE OF A SCALE THAT YOU

CAN RELATE TO IT WITH, CLIMB ON IT, OR BUMP INTO IT.

I'VE GOT PUBLIC SCULPTURES THROUGHOUT THE STATES FROM

MAINE TO CALIFORNIA.

I HAVE PUBLIC SCULPTURES IN 27 DIFFERENT COUNTRIES,

AND THERE ARE AT LEAST 22 THROUGHOUT CHINA.

EACH DIFFERENT PROJECT HAS A DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHY,

ENVIRONMENT, PLANTS, ARCHITECTURE, FUNCTION.

SO MAYBE IN ONE CONTEXT STONE WOULD BE MOST

APPROPRIATE OR STAINLESS STEEL.

OR LIKE DOWNTOWN DAYTON, THE YELLOW PIECE, THAT'S

POWDER-COATED ALUMINUM.

[MUSIC]

THAT STREET USED TO BE A CANAL FULL OF

WATER USED TO TRANSPORT, CREATE ENERGY AND SO ON.

SO, TODAY THE STREET IS A CANAL FOR VEHICLES WHICH

CREATE EDDIES IN THE AIR AS THEY RACE BY.

SO 'FLUID DYNAMICS' SEEMED THE APPROPRIATE CONCEPT

FOR THAT LOCATION.

'PARADIGM SHIFT' IS A MIRROR STAINLESS STEEL PIECE.

MOORE TECHNOLOGY CENTER AT SINCLAIR IS TEACHING NEW

TECHNOLOGIES AND SO WE ARE IN A PARADIGM SHIFT FROM

THE MECHANISTIC TO THE INFORMATIONAL OR

ELECTRONIC AGE, SO THAT PIECE VORTEXES UP ONE DIRECTION AND

MID-WAY IT CHANGES AND VORTEXES THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION.

SOMETIMES, DEPENDING ON THE PIECE, I LIKE TO

SURPRISE PEOPLE.

LIKE, IF YOU TAKE THE BRONZE TREE OF BOOKS AT

THE YELLOW SPRINGS PUBLIC LIBRARY.

I STARTED OUT WITH THIS STACK OF BOOKS AND MADE

THIS SPIRAL TRUNK AND THEN THEY SPIN OFF THE TOP.

AND THEN WITHIN THE TREE, I PUT WHAT WERE THEN

CONTEMPORARY THINGS, LIKE A CASSETTE RECORDER AND

CASSETTE TAPES AND AUDIO VISUAL TAPES.

AND I ALSO MADE A BOOKWORM CLIMBING THROUGH A BOOK,

AND THEN THERE'S A BOOK WITH THE TITLE OF MY

MOTHER'S PUBLISHED NOVEL.

THOSE ARE ELEMENTS TO DISCOVER.

IT'S THAT DISCOVERY THAT'S REALLY FUN.

PUBLIC PROJECTS TEND TO TAKE A LOT OF TIME IN

PARTICULAR BECAUSE YOU'VE GOT COMMITTEES AND

REGULATIONS AND ALL THAT STUFF, AND YOU PUT A WHOLE

PACKAGE TOGETHER, IT ENDS UP BEING SIX MONTHS OR A

YEAR, OR TWO YEARS OR SOME SUCH THING.

LET'S GO TO 'THE COMMON GOOD' FOR EXAMPLE.

[MUSIC]

[ORBITAL GRINDER BUZZES]

I SPENT A GOOD TWO

YEARS ON THAT PROJECT, AND THAT WASN'T THAT BIG.

I HAD THE STONE -- A VERY LARGE GRANITE SURFACE

PLATE FROM WRIGHT-PATT AIR FORCE BASE.

I GOT IT FOR THE COST OF GETTING IT OVER HERE, AND

IT SAT FOR ALMOST 20 YEARS, I THINK.

"WELL, THAT'S PRETTY GOOD."

I WAITED UNTIL THIS OPPORTUNITY CAME THAT I

COULD GIVE IT A HOME.

THE IMPETUS FOR 'THE COMMON GOOD' SCULPTURE WAS

TIM RIORDAN, THE CITY MANAGER FOR DAYTON, ALSO CINCINNATI.

AND AFTER HE RETIRED, TIM GOT TO THINKING THAT HE

WANTED TO HONOR THE PUBLIC SERVANTS THAT HE HAD

WORKED WITH OVER HIS CAREER.

AS A COMMITTEE WE CAME UP WITH THE IDEA OF A BUNCH

OF QUOTES AND WE DECIDED TO RUN THE QUOTES AROUND

THE STONE SO THAT YOU HAVE TO WALK AROUND THE STONE

TO READ IT SO AS TO ENGAGE THE VIEWER.

AND THEN THE SEATS, OF COURSE, ENGAGE YOU.

THERE'S QUOTES INSIDE, AND THEN YOU SEE THAT YOU CAN SIT IN IT.

AND BECAUSE THERE'S AN INTERCONNECTING HOLE, YOU

CAN TALK THROUGH THE STONE, WHICH IS THE IDEA

OF COMMUNICATING, BREAKING THROUGH WALLS.

IN PUBLIC SERVICE IT'S ALL ABOUT COMMUNICATION

AND COMING TOGETHER.

IT'S NOT AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCULPTURE, IT'S MORE ABOUT

COMMUNICATING AN IDEA TO THE PEOPLE IN THE COMMUNITY.

"MY NAME IS TIM RIORDAN, AND THIS IS A PROJECT I'VE

WORKED ON FOR A COUPLE YEARS.

THE NAME OF THE PIECE IS 'THE COMMON GOOD'.

WE HAD A LOT OF DISCUSSION ABOUT WHAT WE SHOULD NAME

THE PIECE, AND IT REALLY JUST FELT, THIS IS WHAT WE WORK FOR.

THIS WHAT WE DO.

WE DO THE COMMON GOOD.

AND I WANT TO START IT OUT JUST BY SAYING A THANK YOU

TO ALL THE PUBLIC SERVANTS WHO DO SUCH GOOD WORK FOR OUR CITY,

SCHOOLS, COUNTY, STATE, AND COUNTRY, AND THE WORLD.

AND I JUST THINK IT'S APPROPRIATE THAT..."

[APPLAUSE]

[CROWD MURMUR]

>>JON: WHY IS PUBLIC ART IMPORTANT?

[CROWD MURMUR]

I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT CAUSE IT'S

A WAY OF EMBODYING ENERGIES OF THAT TIME,

WHICH IS THEN COMMUNICATED WITH PEOPLE DOWN THROUGH TIME.

SO, YOU KNOW, YOU HAVE YOUR ROMAN PERIOD, THE

GREEKS OR THE EGYPTIANS, ALL THESE DIFFERENT

ENERGIES OF THAT TIME, WE GET TO SEE BECAUSE OF THE

SCULPTURE AND THE CREATIVE WORKS THAT WERE MADE.

[TRUCK ENGINE RUMBLES]

IT ENRICHES OUR EXPERIENCE OF BEING HUMAN,

OUR HISTORY IN THE WORLD.

IT SHOWS HOW OUR CULTURE GOT TO BE WHAT IT IS.

AND THOSE PEOPLE ARE COMMUNICATING WITH US

TODAY, AND I WANT TO DO THAT WITH MY WORK.

SO, THAT'S WHY I LIKE TO BUILD BIG SCULPTURE.

[MUSIC]

SHARING TASTE.

(UPBEAT MUSIC)

>> I'M STILL SEARCHING, WHAT I LOST.

BUT MAYBE THE FACT THAT YOU LOST SOMETHING,

IT MAKE YOU STRONGER, AND YOU NEVER STOP.

I WAS BORN IN LAOS, BUT MY ORIGINAL IS HMONG.

HMONG PEOPLE IS, THEY CAME FROM CHINA,

BORDER MONGOLIA AND CHINA.

THE VIETNAM WAR, 1975, WHEN THE KHMER ROUGE WENT

TO THE COUNTRY, THEN WE HAVE TO LEAVE THE COUNTRY.

SO I BECAME REFUGEE IN THAILAND, AND I FLED TO PARIS.

FOOD IS MY PASSION.

WELL FOOD, YOU HAVE TO REMEMBER, FOOD BRING

EVERYBODY TOGETHER.

RIGHT NOW, WE ARE AT BANGKOK 96 STREET FOOD IN DETROIT,

AND IS LOCATED INSIDE THE DETROIT SHIPPING COMPANY,

BUT I LIKE TO INTRODUCE THE HMONG FOOD

TO THE METRO DETROIT AREA, WHICH IS MY PEOPLE HERE.

MOSTLY, THE FOOD I SERVE HERE IS FROM MY ROOT.

SO YOU'RE GONNA SEE HOW I TAKE THE BEEF AND MAKE ADOBO.

THAT'S THE BEEF JERKY.

WE TAKE THE BEEF SHOULDER AND BREAK DOWN THE MUSCLE,

TO MAKE IT VERY TENDER LIKE FILET MIGNON.

AND ALL THE CHICKEN BREAST,

CHICKEN BREAST IS CHICKEN BREAST.

ALL CHEF COOK CHICKEN, BUT MY CHICKEN BREAST,

SOMEHOW IS DIFFERENT.

WHEN MY CUSTOMER TAKE A BITE FOR THE FIRST TIME,

THEY COME BACK.

THE SAUSAGE IS VERY POPULAR BACK HOME.

HOMEMADE PORK SAUSAGE IS THE FRESH MEAT.

ALL NATURAL MEAT, THE PORK SHOULDER GROUND WITH GINGER,

LEMONGRASS, GALANGAL, ALL THE SPICE.

AND YOU JUST STUFF INTO THE SAUSAGE.

AND YOU LET DRY.

YOU LET DRY IN OVEN, COUPLE HOUR,

AND YOU PUT IN THE FREEZER.

WHEN YOU NEED IT, YOU JUST DEEP FRY, OR YOU PUT ON A GRILL.

THE PAD THAI ROLL IS INTERESTING, WHEN I CAME

TO THIS PLACE, OPEN BANGKOK 96 STREET FOOD,

I HAVE TO DECIDE TO MAKE ONE DISH, AND THAT'S DEDICATE

THE PAD THAI ROLL TO THIS PLACE, BECAUSE IT'S A BAR FOOD.

BECAUSE THE TABLE IS SO LONG, SO I HAVE TO TAKE

THE PAD THAI WRAP IN THE FLOUR, AND TOAST IT, CUT

LIKE SUSHI, AND SPRINKLE SAUCE, AND ALL THE SPICE,

PEANUT AND GARNISH AND THE LIME, FOR THIS PLACE

BECAUSE IT'S BAR FOOD.

AND THE MOST ITEM IN THE KITCHEN IS THE PAD THAI ROLL.

IT'S BECOME SO POPULAR AND SUCCESSFUL.

I HOPE IT'S NOT JUST A TREND.

I HOPE IT'S GONNA KEEP GOING.

THE DESSERT I LIKE TO COOK A LOT OF FRUIT.

SO TODAY I DO A POACHED PEAR WITH WINE, LIME,

AND MAKE A SYRUP.

AND FINISH TOUCH WITH, YOU KNOW LIKE, GRATED SUGAR.

ONE BY ONE FRESH, BUT I START FROM A BASE, VERY CLEAN.

THAT'S EASY FOR ME TO COOK FOR A VEGAN CUSTOMER, AND

THEN WHEN THE MEAT COME, I JUST ADD MEAT, TOO.

EVERYBODY RESPONDS VERY NICE, SO I BELIEVE I DO

SOMETHING GOOD HERE, BECAUSE I TAKE CARE ALL

THE ALLERGEN PEOPLE TOO.

AND I HAVE A LITTLE BIT EVERYTHING FOR EVERYBODY.

MY DREAM IS SERVING THE FOOD UPSCALE,

BUT VERY ORIGINAL, AUTHENTIC.

TAKE THAT DISH TO THE NEXT LEVEL.

WHEN YOUR CUSTOMER EAT THE FOOD, THEY EAT WITH THEIR EYES,

AND YOU CAN TAKE A DISH VERY SIMPLE,

MAKE BEAUTIFUL, ELEGANT, CLEAN AND SIMPLE.

SO, PRESENTATION IS VERY IMPORTANT TO ME AND THE

FOOD CARVING IS A DRAW FOR PEOPLE.

I AM IN A RETAIL BUSINESS.

EVERY TIME I WENT TO THE FOOD SHOW, AND I ALWAYS

BRING A COUPLE PIECE OF THE CARVING THERE.

AND IS DRAW THE CROWD TO YOUR TABLE AND IT'S AN ART

TO SELL YOUR PRODUCT.

SO IT'S BEAUTIFUL, THE COLOR IS SO NATURAL.

IT'S VERY ATTRACTIVE.

FOOD IS ART, AND THE CARVING IS ART.

IF YOU BRING TWO TOGETHER, IT'S VERY POWERFUL.

YOU GOT TWO THING, INSTEAD OF JUST ONE THING.

I'M STILL HAVE FUN.

I STILL CREATE NEW DISH.

IT'S NEVER END.

IT'S SO MANY THING I HAVE TO DO, IT'S JUST NOT

ENOUGH TIME TO DO IT.

I THINK I'M GONNA KEEP GOING UNTIL I CAN'T MOVE.

I WAS RECOGNIZED TO BE A JAMES BEARD CHEF.

THE JAMES BEARD FOUNDATION IS A NON-PROFIT

ORGANIZATION WHO RECOGNIZE ALL THE CHEF DID GREAT JOB

FOR MANY YEARS IN A LONG-TERM CAREER.

SO I WAS SO HAPPY AND SO HONORED TO HAVE THAT TITLE THIS YEAR.

MY GOAL IS TO THINK ABOUT THE NEXT GENERATION.

YOU HAVE TO SHARE WHAT YOU KNOW TO THE YOUNG PEOPLE.

TO BE ENTREPRENEUR, AND LIVE IN THE UNITED STATES,

I'M STILL WORKING HARD, BUT I'M SO PROUD TO BE HERE,

BECAUSE I'M LUCKY.

I WAS REFUGEE, NOTHING, AND I LIVE IN THE UNITED STATES,

HAVE A SMALL RESTAURANT, AND PEOPLE LOVE THE FOOD.

AND I BE ABLE TO KEEP GOING TO SCHOOL, OR TRAINING.

ANOTHER JOURNEY TO LEARN SOMETHING NEW, ANOTHER CUISINE.

SO, I THINK I'M LUCKY TO HAVE THE LIFE I HAVE HERE.

TO VIEW THIS AND OTHER COLORES PROGRAMS GO TO:

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"UNTIL NEXT WEEK, THANK YOU FOR WATCHING."

FUNDING FOR COLORES WAS PROVIDED IN PART BY:

FREDERICK HAMMERSLEY FOUNDATION

...AND VIEWERS LIKE YOU

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